Natural resources of Siberia natural conditions and types. Message

Siberia is a huge geographic region that is located in Eurasia and is part of Eurasia. The territory of this area is heterogeneous, and is a complex of various ecosystems, therefore it is divided into such objects:

  • Western Siberia;
  • Eastern;
  • South;
  • middle;
  • Northeast Siberia;
  • Baikal region;
  • Transbaikalia
  • Now the territory of Siberia covers approximately 9.8 million. sq. kilometers, where more than 24 million people live.

    biological resources

    The main natural resources of Siberia are the flora and fauna, as a unique nature has formed here, which is characterized by a variety of fauna and a variety of flora. Among the rare species of animals in Siberia you can meet the Dahurian hedgehog and the Far Eastern leopard, the slender-billed curlew and the imperial eagle, the sharp-eared bat and the Amur tiger, the peregrine falcon and the black crane, the snow leopard and the river beaver, the griffon vulture and bustard. In the “Red Book” of Eurasia there are some types of plants growing in Siberia. This is a large-flowered slipper, small megadenia and Baikal anemone. The territory of the region is covered with spruce, fir, larch and pine forests.

    Water resources

    In Siberia there is a fairly large number of reservoirs. Manywater rivers flow here, which is facilitated by the features of the relief and climate. The main reservoirs of Siberia:

  • rivers Yenisei and Amur, Irtysh and Angara, Ob and Lena;
  • Lakes-UBSU-Nur, Taimyr and Baikal.
  • All Siberian reservoirs have a huge hydropower, which depends on the speed of the river flow and the relief contrasts. This contributes to the fact that river valleys are suitable for the construction of hydroelectric power plants. In addition, significant stocks of groundwater have been discovered here.


    Siberia is rich in various minerals. A huge number of allRussian stocks are concentrated here:

  • fuel resources oil and peat, stone and brown coal, natural gas;
  • mineral-iron, copper-nickel ores, gold, tin, silver, lead, platinum;
  • nonmetallic asbestos, graphite and table salt.
  • All this contributes to the fact that in Siberia there are a huge number of deposits where minerals are mined, and then raw materials are delivered to various Russian enterprises and abroad. As a result, the natural resources of the region are not only national wealth, but also strategic reserves of the planet of global importance.

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