During the Soviet Union, Ukraine was often called the granary, forge and health resort of our homeland. And not in vain. On a relatively small area of 603,628 km2, the richest reserves of minerals are collected, including coal, titanium, nickel, iron ore, manganese, graphite, sulfur, etc.d. It is here that 70% of the world’s supply of high-quality granite, 40% of black soil, as well as unique mineral and thermal waters are concentrated.
3 resource groups of Ukraine
Natural resources in Ukraine, often described as rare in their diversity, size and potential for exploration, can be divided into three groups:
The so-called “base of mineral resources” was created by 90% in the USSR on the basis of the existing research methodology. The rest was supplemented in 1991-2016 as a result of initiatives by private investors. Available information about natural resources in Ukraine is different. The reason for this is that part of the database (geological surveys, maps, catalogs) is stored in Russian centers. Leaving aside the issue of property rights to the results of research, it is worth emphasizing that in Ukraine there are more than 20,000 quarries and about 120 types of mines, of which 8,172 are simple and 94 are industrial. 2,868 simple quarries operated by 2,000 mining companies.
Table of minerals of Ukraine by region
|Region (AR of Crimea and regions)||The share of the region according to the national indicator|
|Autonomous Republic of Crimea||0.41||one.7||0.99|
Main natural resources of Ukraine
The main production of iron ore is concentrated in the area of the Krivoy Rog basin of the Dnipropetrovsk region. There are about 300 fields with proven reserves of 18 billion. tons.
Manganese deposits are located in the Nikov basin and are one of the largest in the world.
Titanium ore is located in the Zhytomyr and Dnepropetrovsk regions, uranium in the regions of Kirovograd and Dnepropetrovsk. Nickel ore in the Kirovograd region and, finally, aluminum in the Dnepropetrovsk region. Gold can be found in the Donbass and Transcarpathia.
The largest amount of high-energy and coke coal is located in the Donbass and in the Dnipropetrovsk region. There are also small deposits in the west of the country and along the riverbed of the Dnieper. Although it should be noted that its quality in these regions is significantly inferior to Donetsk coal.
Place of Birth
According to geological statistics, about 300 oil and gas fields have been explored in Ukraine. The main part of oil production falls on the western region, as the oldest industrial site. In the north, it is pumped in Chernihiv, Poltava and Kharkov regions. Unfortunately, 70% of the produced oil is of low quality and unsuitable for processing.
Potentially energy resources of Ukraine are able to cover its own needs. But, for reasons unknown to anyone, the state does not conduct research and scientific work in this direction.