Nature of Siberia and Eastern Siberia

Siberia occupies a vast territory, the area of ​​which is more than 10 million. sq. kilometers. It lies in various natural zones:

  • arctic deserts;
  • forest-tundra;
  • taiga forests;
  • forest-steppe;
  • steppe zone.
  • The relief and nature of Siberia is heterogeneous throughout the territory. Scientists identify such natural areas as the West Siberian Plain, the Central Siberian Plateau, mountain ranges of Eastern and Southern Siberia. Among the most beautiful Siberian objects of nature, it is worth mentioning Lake Baikal, the Valley of Volcanoes, the sanctuary of the Tomskaya Pisanitsa, the Vasyugan swamp.

    Flora of Siberia

    Lichen, moss, various herbs, small shrubs grow in the forest-tundra and tundra zone. The forest zone in Siberia is diverse. There are dark coniferous forests with spruces, fir and Siberian cedar. The main representative of the light coniferous taiga is the Dahurian larch. As for the mountain slopes, the foothills are the steppe and alpine meadows, which create an incredibly beautiful mosaic of the landscape. Tundra is located high in the mountains, and at the very top there are placers of stones. Here you can find such plants as the large-flowered slipper, small megadenia, Baikal anemone, high lure.

    Eastern Siberia is rich in pines and dwarf birches, alder and aspen, fragrant poplar and Siberian larch. Among other plants, the following types can be listed:

  • iris;
  • lemongrass Chinese;
  • Amur grapes;
  • Japanese spirea;
  • Daurian rhododendron;
  • Cossack juniper;
  • panicled hydrangea;
  • weigela;
  • vesicle.
  • Fauna of Siberia

    Lemmings, arctic foxes, reindeer live in the tundra zone. In the taiga you can meet wolves, squirrels, brown bears, musk deer (artiodactyl deer-like animal), sables, elks, foxes. There are a lot of badgers, beavers and Dahurian hedgehogs, Amur tigers and muskrats in the forest-steppe.

    In different parts of Siberia there are many types of birds:

  • geese;
  • ducks;
  • bustards;
  • cranes;
  • loons;
  • waders;
  • griffon vultures;
  • peregrine falcons;
  • thin-beaked crowns.
  • In Eastern Siberia, the animal world is slightly different from other territories. Roe deer and bears, martens and wild boars, moose and lynx, martens and fur animals live here. Huge populations of catfish, pike, pink salmon, trout, taimen, salmon are found in the rivers.


    The greatest danger to the nature of Siberia and Eastern Siberia is man. To preserve these riches, it is necessary to properly use natural resources, protect flora and fauna from those who exterminate animals and plants for profit.

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