Nature, plants and animals of Crimea | Photo, title and description

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The nature of the Crimean peninsula is unique. Its territory can be divided into three zones:

  • steppe Crimea;
  • South coast;
  • Crimean mountains.
  • In these zones, a climate with specific features has formed. The main part of the peninsula lies in the temperate continental climate zone, and the southern coast lies in the subtropical zone. In winter, the temperature varies from3 to +1, and in summer from +25 to +37 degrees Celsius. Crimea is washed by the Black and Azov Seas, and in the warm season they heat up to +25-+28 degrees. In the Crimean mountains, the mountain type of climate differs in zones.

    Just look at this beauty!

    Crimean plants

    At least 2400 species of plants grow in Crimea, among them 240 species are endemic, that is, they are found only in this part of the planet. Crimean thyme and Pallas sainfoin grow in the foothill forest-steppe.

    Crimean thyme

    Esparcet Pallas

    Herbs and shrubs grow near the southern slope of the mountains, such as tamarisks, Spanish gorse.

    Tamarix

    spanish gorse

    In the forest-steppe zone, pear, juniper, linden, dogwood, ash, hazel, hawthorn, beech, pistachios, pontic needles grow.

    pear

    Juniper

    Linden

    Dogwood

    Ash

    Hazel

    Hawthorn

    Beech

    pistachio tree

    Butcher’s broom

    In oak forests there are maple and mountain ash, linden and hornbeam, hazel.

    Maple

    Rowan

    In beech and hornbeam forests, in addition to the main tree species, there is a yew berry, Steven’s maple, and among the herbs the Crimean wolf, taiga wintergreen, lady’s slipper.

    berry yew

    Stephen Maple

    taiga wintergreen

    lady’s slipper

    Juniper, oak and shiblyak forests grow in the coastal zone, among which magnolia, Italian olive, pyramidal cypress, figs grow.

    Magnolia

    Italian olive

    pyramidal cypress

    figs

    Poisonous plants of Crimea

    However, in the Crimea there is a sufficient number of poisonous plants:

    Datura vulgaris

    Fraxinella

    Belladonna

    raven eye

    Henbane

    spotted hemlock

    Aconite

    Tamus ordinary

    Crimean animals

    A huge number of insects live in the Crimea. Among insectivores there are hedgehogs, shrews (shrews and shrews).

    Hedgehog

    shrew

    shrew

    Bats live in mountain and forest zones. Ground squirrels and mice, different types of mice, voles, squirrels, jerboas, hamsters are taken away on the peninsula.

    Gopher

    mouse

    Vole

    Squirrel

    Jerboa

    Hamster

    On the territory you can meet European hares and acclimatized rabbits.

    hare

    Predatory animals of Crimea

    Among predators in the Crimea live weasels and badgers, steppe foxes and martens, raccoon dogs and ferrets, red deer and roe deer, wild boars and bison.

    weasel

    Badger

    steppe fox

    Marten

    raccoon dog

    Ferret

    Herbivores of the Crimea

    red deer

    Roe 

    Boar

    bison

    Some species of animals were brought to the territory of the peninsula to diversify the fauna of the area. To date, there is a problem of preserving many populations, scientists are trying to preserve their numbers and, if possible, increase the number of individuals by creating wildlife sanctuaries and nature reserves.

    Birds of Crimea. Predator birds

    snake-eater

    steppe eagle

    Osprey

    dwarf eagle

    burial ground

    white-tailed eagle

    Golden eagle

    Vulture

    black vulture

    griffon vulture

    saker falcon

    peregrine falcon

    Owl

    mountain birds

    White-bellied swifts

    Kekliks

    gray partridge

    Variegated rock thrush

    mountain oatmeal

    mountain wagtail

    field horse

    Linnet

    field lark

    forest birds

    spotted woodpecker

    Spruce crossbill

    Tit

    Wren

    Ratchet warbler

    pika

    Nuthatch

    hives

    Robin

    Finch

    forest horse

    Missile thrush

    crows

    steppe birds

    Bustards

    Avocet oystercatcher

    Stilt

    Plover

    Kamyshovka

    water hen

    Pogonysh

    shrikes

    Greenfinch

    Warbler

    Hoopoe

    Nightjar

    Oriole

    Magpie

    sea ​​birds

    crested cormorant

    Petrel

    dive

    shelducks

    Seagulls

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