Nightingale photos and description of the bird, interesting facts, what eats and where it lives, pictures

Usually first they hear and only then see the nightingale hiding in the foliage of branches. Nightingale’s voice is heard day and night. Beautiful notes and melodic phrases make singing wonderful, creative and spontaneous.

Description of the appearance of the nightingales

Both sexes are similar. In an adult nightingale, the upper body with a brown tint, rust-brown cereals and tail. Fire feathers in the light reddish-brown. The bottom of the body is pale or light white, the chest and sides are light-red-red.

On the head is the front, the crown and the nape of rust-brown. Frosts are fuzzy, pale gray. Chin and throat whitish.

Black beak with a pale-lung base. The eyes are dark brown, surrounded by narrow whitish rings. Legs and feet from bodily to brownish.

Young nightnowns brownish with reddish spots on the body and head. The beak, tail and feathers of the wings are rusty-brown, paler than in adult individuals.

Types of nightingales

Western, found in north-west of Africa, in Western Europe, Turkey and Levan. Not propagated in Africa.

Western nightingale

South, lives in the field of the Caucasus and East Turkey, the north and southwest of Iran. Does not propagate in North-East and East Africa. This species is more boring in color, less red on the upper body and paler on the lower. The chest is mostly gray-brown.

Hafiza, endemic in East Iran, Kazakhstan, in the southwest of Mongolia, in North-West China and Afghanistan. Does not propagate in East Africa. This species with gray color in the upper part of the case, whitish cheeks and fuzzy eyebrows. The lower body of the body is whitshaped, a sand shade breast.

What a nighting of the nightingale

The nightingale sings day and night. The artistic and melodic song of the nightingale makes the greatest impression when the males compete in the silence of the night. They attract females that return from African wintering places a few days after the males. After mating, males sing only during the day, mainly designate their territory with a song.

The song consists of loud, rich tricks and whistles. There is a characteristic baptisto “Lu-Lu-Lu-Lu-Li”, which is a typical part of the song of the Solovyov, which also includes clear and reminiscent of the sound of the flute segments, tweeting and chisel.

How the nightingale sings?

The bird also pronounces a series of long phrases “Picha-Pichu-Pichu-Pichurrr-Chi” and their options.
The male sings during courtship, and this song near the nest consists of plaintive “ha ha ha ha ha”. Both partners sing, maintain communication on the territory of reproduction. Solovyov calls include:

  • The hoarse “Krrr”;
  • hard “techt”;
  • Walking “VIIIT” or “VIIT-CRRR”;
  • Sharp “CAARR”.
  • Solovyov area

    The Nightingale prefers open forest areas with bushes of shrubs and thick plantations of vegetation along reservoirs, edges of deciduous and pine forests, as well as the boundaries of arid areas, such as Chaparal and Makquis. Solovyov is seen in areas with hedges and shrubs, in suburban gardens and parks with fallen leaves.

    The type of bird is usually found below 500 meters, but depending on the area, nightingales nest above 1400-1800/2300 meters.

    What nightlines eat in nature

    The nightingale hunts for invertebrates all year round, both in the places of reproduction and in wintering. The bird eats:

  • Zhukov;
  • Muravyov;
  • caterpillars;
  • flies;
  • spiders;
  • rainworms.
  • In late summer and autumn collects berries and seeds.

    The bird feeds on the ground in fallen leaves, as a rule, finds the prey inside the dense cover. Can also select insects on low branches and leaves. Sometimes hunting from a branch, falls on prey on the ground, performs air pirouettes, pursuing an insect.

    The nightingale is difficult to see in a natural habitat due to brown plumage to the color of branches and foliage. Fortunately, a long, wide red tail allows you to identify a bird among a natural shelter.

    When feeding on the ground, the nightingale is always active. The body holds in a slightly upright position, moves on long paws, the bird jumps with a raised tail. The nightingale easily moves along the forest litter, makes clever jumping movements, sways with wings and tail.

    How nightingales are preparing for the wedding season

    During the breeding period, birds usually return to the same nest year after year. The male performs marriage rituals, sings quietly songs for the female, waves and fanes his tail, and sometimes lowers his wings. Sometimes a male during the Gona pursues a female, at the same time pronounces the compassionate sounds of “ha ha ha ha” ”.

    Then the groom lands next to the chosen one, sings and dances, lowers his head low, fanes his tail and shakes his wings.

    In the fertile period, the female receives food from the contender for the heart. The partner also “protects the bride”, she follows her, wherever she heads, sits on the branch right above her and watches the environment. This behavior reduces the likelihood of rivalry with other males because of the female.

    How nightingales give offspring and take care of him

    The reproduction season depends on the area, but most often occurs from late April to midJuly throughout Europe. This species usually produces two broods in the wedding season.

    Nightingale nest is located 50 cm from the ground level at the base of the bump or low grass, is well masked by parents among fallen leaves. A nest in shape is an open bowl (but sometimes with a dome), a bulky structure of fallen leaves and grass. The inside is covered with small herbs, feathers and animal hair.

    The female lays 4-5 olive-green eggs. Incubation lasts 13-14 days, the female feeds the male during this period. About 10-12 days after hatching, young birds are scattered in shelters in the immediate vicinity of the nest. Young animals are ready to stand on the wing 3-5 days later. Both parents feed and take care of the chicks for 2-4 weeks. The male cares about offspring, and the female is preparing for the second laying.

    The safety of the species of nightingales

    There are many Solovyov in nature, and the number of representatives of the species is stable and is currently not under threat. However, some reduction due to changes in the environment is observed, especially in Western Europe.

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