The nature of North America has a special wealth and diversity. This fact is explained by the fact that this mainland is located in almost all climatic zones (the exception is only equatorial).
Regional types of forests
In North America, there are 17% of the world forest with more than 900 species of plants belonging to 260 different births.
In the eastern part of the United States, the most common species is oak-hikori (wood of nuts). They say that when the early European colonists headed west, they discovered oak savannahs, so dense that they could walk under massive wooden canopies for days, barely seeing the sky. Large marsh-horsepower forests extend from coastal Virginia south to Florida and Texas, for the Mexican Gulf.
The western side is rich in rare types of forests, where you can still find giant plants. Dry mountain slopes are a home for chaparral thickets with the trees of the Palo-Verde, Yukki and other North American rarities. The prevailing type, however, are mixed and coniferous, consisting of fir trees, red wood and fir. The following according to the prevalence are plantations.
30% of all boreal forests in the world are in Canada and cover 60% of its territory. Here you can find spruce, larch, white and red pine.
Red maple or (Acer Rubrum)
Red maple is the most common tree in North America and lives in different climatic zones, mainly in the eastern part of the United States.
Ladan pine or Pinus Taeda is the most common type of pine in the eastern part of the continent.
Ambroine (Liquidambar Styraciflua)
Is one of the most aggressive plant species and is growing rapidly in abandoned territories. Like red maple, it will grow comfortably in all kinds of conditions, including water-white lands, dry hills and hilly terrain. Sometimes it is planted as a decorative plant, thanks to attractive pointed fruits.
Douglas fir or (Pseudotsuga Menziesi)
This high spruce of the North American West surpasses only the red tree in height. It can grow both in wet and dry areas of the Earth and covers the coastal and mountain slopes from 0 to 3500 m.
Aspenshaped poplar or (Populus tremuloides)
Despite the fact that the aspenlike poplar of the number does not exceed red maple, Populus Tremuloides is the most common tree in North America, covering the entire northern part of the continent. It is also called “cornerstone” due to its importance in ecosystems.
Acer Saccharum is called the “star” of the autumn deciduous exhibition of North America. The shape of its sheet is the emblem of Canada Dominion, and the tree is the main product of the northeastern industry of maple syrups.
Balmsmic fir (Abies Balsamea)
Balsamic fir evergreen tree of the family of pine. Is one of the widespread types of Canadian Boreal Forest.
Kizil Blooming (Cornus Florida)
Blooming Kizil is one of the most common breeds that you will see in both deciduous and coniferous forests in the eastern part of North America. It is also one of the most common trees in the city landscape.
Widehaired twisted pine a tree or shrub of a pine family. In the wild, it is found in the west of North America. This plant can often be met in the mountains up to 3300 m high.
White Oak (Quercus Alba)
Quercus alba can grow both on fertile soils and on meager rocky slopes of mountain ranges. White oak lives in coastal forests and forests along the middle of the Western region of the prairie.
The main trees setting the zone of moderate forests are: beeches, platans, oaks, aspen and nut trees. Linds, chestnuts, birch, knitting and tulip trees are also widely represented.
Unlike the northern and moderate latitudes, the zone of tropics and subtropics is full of a variety of colors.
Plants of tropical forests
Tropical forests in the world are a home for an incredible number of plant species. Only in the Amazon tropics there are over 40,000 plant species! Hot humid climate provides ideal conditions for biom life. We selected the most interesting and unusual, in our opinion, plants.
Epiphytes are plants that live on other plants. They have no roots in the ground and have developed various strategies for obtaining water and nutrients. Sometimes one tree can be a home for many types of epiphytes, together weighing several tons. Epiphytes even grow on other epiphytes!
Many of the plants in the list of tropical forests are epiphytes.
The most common epiphytes are bromelia. Bromelia flowering plants whose long leaves are located in the outlet. They attach to the owner of the owner, wrapping their roots around the branches. Their leaves direct water to the central part of the plant, forming a kind of pond. Bromil’s pond itself is a habitat. Water is used not only by the plant, but also by many animals of tropical forests. Birds and mammals drink from it. Tadpoles grow there, and insects lay eggs
There are many species of orchids in the tropical forests. Some of them are also epiphytes. Some have specially adapted roots that allow them to capture water and nutrients from the air. Others have roots that spread along a branch of the host tree, capturing water, without delving into the ground.
Palma Asai (Euterpe Oleracea)
Asai is considered the most common tree in the tropical forest of the Amazon. Despite this, it still accounts for only 1% (5 billion) of 390 billion trees in the region. Her fruits are edible.
This Brazilian palm tree is also known as “Tree of Life” because it has many applications. Its fruits eat, and wood is used in construction. It is most famous as a source of “carnautian wax”, which is extracted from the leaves of the tree.
Carnaum wax is used in car varnishes, lipstick, soap and in many other products. They even rub boards for surfing, to achieve maximum sliding!
There are more than 600 species of rattan palm trees. They grow in African, Asian and Australian tropical forests. Rotans are vines that cannot grow up independently. Instead, they wrap around other trees. Exciting spikes on the stems allow them to climb other trees to the sunlight. Rotans are collected and used in the construction of furniture.
Rubber tree (Hevea Brasiliensis)
The rubber tree, first discovered in the Amazon tropics, is now grown in the tropical areas of Asia and Africa. Juice that allocates wood bark is collected for rubber production, which has many applications, including the production of automobile tires, hoses, belts and clothing.
In the tropical forest of the Amazon, there are more than 1.9 million rubber trees.
Bugenvillei an evergreen colorful plant of tropical forests. Bougainvilleas are well known for their beautiful leaves, similar to a flower that grow around a real flower. These thorny shrubs grow like grape vines.
Sequoia (mammoth tree)
We could not pass by the largest tree have a unique opportunity to achieve incredible sizes. This tree has a trunk diameter of at least 11 meters, the height simply affects the consciousness of each 83 meters. Such a “sext” “lives” in the US National Park and even has its own, very interesting name “General Sherman”. It is known: this plant has reached a rather “serious” age today 2200 years. However, this is not the most “old” representative of this family. However, this is not the limit. There is also a senior “relative” his name “eternal God”, his year counts 12,000 years. These trees are incredible, their weight is up to 2500 tons.
Disading plant species of North America
Cupressus abramsiana (Cypress California)
Rare North American type of trees in the Kiparis family. It is endemic for the Santa-Krus and San Mateo mountains in the western part of California.
Fitzroya (Patagon Cypress)
Is a monotypic family in the family of cypress. It is a tall, longlived conifer, dear for moderate tropical forests.
Torreya Taxifolia (Torrea Tisolite)
Widely known as Florida nutmeg is a rare and disappearing tree of the Tisa family found in the southeast of the United States, in the area of the state border of Northern Florida and the southwestern Georgia.
A rare species of Maidenach fern, known for the general name of Puerto Rico Maedenah.
Widely known as Pacific Lacefern or Rauoa, is a form of fern, found only in the Hawaiian Islands. In 2003, at least 183 plants were left among 23 populations remained. Several populations consist only of one or four plants.
A rare type of fern known under the general name Molokai Twinsorus Fern. Historically, it was found on the islands of Kauai, Oha, Lanai, Molocai and Maui, but today they can only be found on Maui, where less than 70 separate plants remain. The fern was registered in federal order as the form of the United States in 1994.
A rare type of fern that grows only on Serro de Punt, the highest grief in Puerto Rico. Fern grows in one place where there are 22 copies known to science. In 1993, he was included in the list of endangered types of herbs of the United States.
Widely known as a blackzone tortoise or blackhanded grass Merlin, is a rare and threatened to disappear water pteridophyte, endemic for the states of Geordia and South Caroline. It is grown exclusively in shallow temporary pools on granite outputs with 2 cm of soil. It is known that in Georgia there are 11 populations, while one of them is registered in South Carolin, although it is considered eradicated.
The first type of lichens, which was registered on a federal scale as the disappearance of the disappearance in the United States in 1993.
Found only in frequent fogs or in deep river gorges. Due to its specific habitat and heavy collection requirements, for scientific purposes, it was included in the list of species that have been under threat of disappearance since January 18, 1995.
Abronia Macrocarp is a rare species of a flowering plant, known under the general name “large fruit” of sandy verbena. His homeland is East Texas. He inhabit the harsh, open sand dunes on the savannah, growing on deep, bad soils. Was first collected in 1968 and described as a new view in 1972.
A rare type of flowering plant in the bean family, known under the general name Virginia Jointvetch. It is found in small areas of the east coast of the United States. There are about 7500 plants in total. Climate change reduced the number of places where the plant can live;
The flowering plant of the euphoric family, known for the general name Herbst ‘Sandmat. Like other Hawaiian eifors, this plant is known under the local name ‘akoko.
Is a type of plant of the Mirtov family. This is an evergreen tree that grows up to 6 meters in height. It has furry oval leaves up to 2 cm long. in length and 1.5 cm. in the width that are located against each other. Inflorescence is an accumulation of up to five white flowers. Fruit eightwinged red berry up to 2 centimeters long.
A full list of disappearing plant species of North America is very extensive. The fact that most flora dies exclusively due to an anthropogenic factor that destroys their habitat is regrettable.