Our world is full of riddles and miracles. One of the most beautiful and even mystical phenomena of the atmosphere is rightfully considered the northern lights. At the sight of his people, the variety of colors intertwined with each other is amazing unusual shapes and shades. A multicolored sky leads to a shock state, captures into a completely different fairytale world, forces to overestimate human values.
What is this miracle of nature?
For a long time, people who lived in past centuries considered the radiance of the sky a terrible omen or even a sign of the imminent end of the world. Nowadays, a person enjoys and admires this phenomenon. Moreover, people who have seen the radiance of the atmosphere are called lucky.
From the point of view of the science of extraordinary beauty, an atmospheric phenomenon is a luminary on which you can observe a huge number of outbreaks and explosions. The power of this process is immeasurable. Our luminary consists of microparticles of a substance, which in turn are thrown into outer space (this happens with great force). In addition, the stronger the outbreaks arise, the greater the amount of substance falls towards the planet Earth. Unique particles that are charged with energy are able to get into our atmosphere in just a few hours. Thanks to the magnetic field of the planet, the smallest elements are carried out.
Due to the rarefied atmosphere at the poles of the Earth, the aurora appears. The power of a solar flare also affects the brightness and duration of the phenomenon. Electrons and protons are attracted to the Earth’s poles, resulting in all sorts of patterns that shimmer in a variety of colors.
Where and when can you see the aurora borealis?
The probability of a unique atmospheric phenomenon is completely dependent on solar activity. Predicting the Northern Lights is almost impossible. Most often, this phenomenon can be observed between the autumn and spring equinoxes, namely: from September 21 to March 21. During this period of time, night falls very early.
It is important to understand that the onset of the northern lights depends on the region in which the atmospheric phenomenon occurs most often. In some countries, the “colorful sky” can be seen in the month of December, in others in April. It is recommended to look at the polar radiance in this period of time: from 21.00 to 23.thirty. Clear and frosty weather ideal for observation.
The excellent visibility of the polar radiance is observed at the latitudes of 67-70 degrees, namely: from Alaska to the Scandinavian peninsula. Quite often an atmospheric phenomenon occurs in Scotland and even in Eurasia (central part).
Where you can see the northern lights in Eurasia
- Hatanga, Krasnoyarsk Territory
- Arkhangelsk, Arkhangelsk region
- Murmansk, Murmansk region
- Chibin, Kola Peninsula
- Vorkuta, Republic of Komi
The most “successful” countries in whose territory there often arises a glow of the upper atmosphere, are considered: Finland, Norway, Iceland. For example, in the Kilpisyarvi area, the phenomenon occurs in three cases out of four. In some regions, special “star towns” have been created, in which you can comfortably accommodate and admire the miracle of nature.
Norwegian tourists are most attracted to Lapland. In this area there is an observatory on which the observation deck is equipped. In the city of Alta, pools of polar radiance are held.
Interesting facts about the northern radiance
Watching a polar radiance is better away from the city. Lighting worsens visibility and does not allow you to convey all the colors and shades of atmospheric phenomenon. The probability of seeing the polar radiance grows closer to midnight. The more frosty and clearer on the street, the better the phenomenon will be viewed.
Every year, the number of tourists who want to look at the northern lights increases several times. The only drawback is the unpredictability and elusiveness of the phenomenon.