Onehumped camel Dromader photo and description, where it lives and what it eats

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Dromedars are mammals, they belong to the camel family with their brothers bactrians. Like twohumped camels, they are from the squad of the greenhouse.

Description

Onehumped camels is a species that is grown to obtain meat and milk. In addition, they are used for entertainment in the Arab Emirates, where camel running is a very popular sport that has become almost national. These animals are completely domesticated.

How it looks

Dromedars weigh much less bactrians: on average, this indicator does not exceed 600 kg. Males usually do not weigh more than half a ton. One-humped camels are quite high, because their height is about 2-3 meters. The length of the body of the animals ranges within the same values.

This type has a short tail, usually its length is about 50 cm. The animal has a rather elegant physique, therefore it can develop higher speed than Bactrians, namely about 20 kilometers per hour. The neck of a singlehut camel is long, and the head has the shape of an ellipse. The camel also has a bifurcated lip, but this is not the only feature of this type. Animal nostrils of an interesting gapshaped shape. The nimba of the men’s animals is soft, it swells during the rut, attracting females.

Cormation growths can be found on the legs, but not only on the feet, but also on the bends of the lower and upper extremities. So, they are present on the knees and elbows. Hooves are replaced by these callous bodies and fingers.

The wool of the camels is short, but on the back and neck it is quite thick. Although this does not make the look more adapted to the cold. Animal color is usually yellowish or brown, but albinos are also found.

How much lives

Typically, Dromedars live about 50 years old.

Where it lives

In the past, onehumped camels lived in Africa and in the Middle East, but today they can be found only on the territory of the African continent, in Africa and India, where they are used to transport things and as transport. In the south, the border of the animal habitat is considered 13 degrees with.Sh., And in the north Turkestan.  Despite the fact that animals are domesticated, and Australia can be found herds who were wild. There are about 100 thousand goals there. At the moment, these are the last wild onehumped camels.

What eats

This species is easily complete without water, in this a hump helps him, in which there are strategic fat reserves. That is why individuals always have energy. It also helps that animals do not have a large number of sweat glands and have wool that prevents excessive evaporation of moisture. Sweat is released only when body temperature exceeds 40 degrees. The camel feeds with shrubs and plant parts.

About a third of the camel diet consists of poisonous saprophytes. Animals often eat leaves of a kindergarten, a nightlife, reed and even oats. Sometimes, in case of severe hunger, fish and carrion are eaten. They also love a camel spine. It is easy for them to get leaves from a height of three meters. Usually they eat 10-20 kg of plants. The stomach of animals has several chambers, therefore, poorly prepared food almost immediately falls the front stomach, where it is digested. The same processes occur in gum animals belonging to the greenhouse, which indicates the kinship of species. Although many scientists say that this is not so due to the presence of many glands in the front stomach.

Lifestyle

Onehumped camel is generally very slow. They always adhere to their daily routine. Although animals are sedentary, they can take about 80 km every day. So, they are especially actively in the afternoon and in the morning. At this time, onehumped camels are looking for food, and later prefer rest in the sand. Animals do not move very quickly, developing speed only 10 km/h, but they can also run with gallop. Although they cannot maintain such speed for a long time.

At the will of Dromedars, groups are created in which one male is, several female individuals and young animals. However, there are groups where there is no one except males who are fighting for dominance. But such herds do not exist for a long time and move into ordinary. Often in the herd of camels, everything is calm and there are no conflicts, unlike the Gon period, when a fight for a female is going on. In Turkey, during this period, aggressive animals are used to carry out camel fights.

Reproduction

Onehumped camels become sexually mature only in 3 or 5 years of life. Usually females are ready for offspring much earlier than males. When the ruts come, male individuals actively mark the territory with the help of special glands on the back of the head. They do this to protect the place, and if another male dares to approach, then a fierce battle will begin, during which the animals will whistle and roar. The winner is mating with the female, and immediately after the mate begins to look for another.

The female is able to endure and give birth only one cub in two years. The child is in the womb for 13 months. The female a camel is born standing and when a camel is born, he can walk almost immediately. Mother feeds the cub for about six months, and then he begins to eat plants. Female individuals can give 7-10 liters of milk per day. The main difference from the kids of the bactrians is the size: small Dromedars several times larger.

The origin of the species

Dromedars are considered almost sacred animals in Arab countries, people think that they are a gift from Allah. People learned about Dromedars when the Bedouins began to come to Palestine for about 3 thousand. years ago. There are several versions about the origin of the species. The first reads that some kind of camel of the same kind overcame a long journey from America to Eurasia, and he was the ancestor of the first dromades. Another version tells us that the wild Arabian camel was domesticated by the Bedouins and in the future the descendants of the animal began to populate Uzbekistan. However, scientists do not agree that these animals were once wild, because there are very few remains. Although there are drawings of these bizarre animals on the rocks. They are numerous in Africa, where there was once a huge population of onehumped camels. A little north could also meet these animals, near Turkmenistan.

But now the species is not so common due to frosts, but it tolerates hot weather perfectly. The camel differs in that it moves quite quickly, because it was called that with Greek. Dromeios, that is, highspeed. Another feature of the animal is that it gives a lot of milk, unlike Bactrian and it can better quench thirst.

Enemies

Dromedars are large animals and therefore they have no enemies in the wild. But sometimes wolves can attack young. Previously, desert lions with tigers hunted for them, but these animals have long died out. However, humanity is very harmful to onehumped camels, because now there are no primary wild individuals. People use them for food, namely delicious fatty milk.

Although the camels themselves harm humanity, their influence is not so strong. For example, Dromedars can hurt tuberculosis and transfer the disease to other pets. They also harm agriculture, namely fruit plantations. In addition, onehumped camels often pollute the oasis and eat all the plants that are around it.

Interesting Facts

  1. Dromedar females carefully choose a person who will milk her. At this time, the cub should be near.
  2. Adults do not accept a bad attitude to themselves, do not forget resentment.
  3. If the camel has not rested or sleeps, no one can raise it.
  4. Dromedars are very vengeful and well remembered all their offenders.
  5. Individuals of this species are attached to their owner and can come to him themselves if they are separated.
  6. Camels know how to swim.
  7. Dromeders are much larger than bactrians, such individuals about 94% of the total camel population.
  8. All fabrics of the samehut camel absorb moisture, including red blood cells.
  9. The sense of smell in animals is very well developed, because they feel the approach to the pasture or oasis for another 40 kilometers. They also pay attention to the clouds and go to where it will soon be rain.
  10. The cubs of a singlehut camel can weigh more than 100 kg.
  11. In the past, dromaders were used for military purposes.
  12. They spend about half a day on the pasture. Animals eat on the go, limiting themselves to a pair of leaves, which carefully chew on about fifty times.
  13. Dromedars always hold their mouths closed and try to breathe measuredly.
  14. In the frying weather, animals are tightly pressed to another, so that body temperature drops.
  15. In a few minutes, onehumped camel can drink more than 120 liters of moisture.
  16. Dromedars love to relax on the sand and scratch the body with its hind legs.
  17. Camels have no root teeth.
  18. Malta-Brun brought Dromeders to Australia in order to study the desert area of ​​the country.
  19. The breed of onehumped camels that gives more milk is called Arvan. Females can bring 3-4 thousand. liters per year.
  20. Running Dromeders InoRoad.
  21. Ferninand Medici contributed to the breeding of this species near Pisa in 1622, when they made them to Italy.
  22. Mating in animals can last from 10 minutes to half an hour.
  23. One camel can give several kg of wool per year.
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