Since ancient times, people have been using plants for medicinal purposes. Such a flora is at the head of traditional medicine, but in traditional, plant extracts are often used in the production of drugs (tablets, solutions, syrups, ointments and other dosage forms). The Astrov family has many useful medicinal plants. One of his representatives is an ordinary tansy.
Description and appearance
From the point of view of botany, tansy is a perennial plant with bright yellow colors and a specific pungent smell. In height it can reach 150 cm, but on average a range of 0.5-1.5 m is held.
Tansy has a very developed rod root system. There is also a long rhizome branching underground. The stems usually presented in large quantities have a faceted shape. They can be covered with a small fluff, or they can be completely naked. The shoots of tansy grow vertically up and fuss very much at the very top. The leaves are located outly, painted in saturated green color, on the back they have glands in the form of dots.
Tax flowering is long. It begins in July and continues until September. Tansy has very small tubular flowers collected in baskets. These baskets form shieldshaped inflorescences located on the tops of the shoots of the plant. In several rows, inflorescences are surrounded by small, boiled leaves called a wrap. Colorful is naked, since it does not have a developed perianth.
Bright yellow color and strong camphor aroma of tansy flowers attract insects-pollinators, which are comers-scripts. In August or September, on the site of flowers, fruits-seedlings begin to form. They have an oblong shape and a short outskirts with small zabrins.
This type of tansy is common in nature very wide. It can be found in Eurasia and a number of European countries, in Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Kyrgyzstan, China and Japan. Tansy also grows in some parts of North America.
Forest and foreststeppe zones are the most favorable for the growth of this plant. Tansy takes root well in the fields, steppe meadows, birch forests, along roads and floodplains of rivers. It is quite aggressive against cultivated plants, clogs the plantations of perennial herbs and garden plantings.
People have found tansy use in many sectors of their activities. In the distant times of the heyday of the Egyptian and Greek empires, it was used there during the embalming of the dead.
Tansy is used in cooking to give piquancy and aroma to dishes, alcoholic beverages, confectionery, and in some northern peoples it is used to preserve the freshness of meat raw materials.
As a fodder culture of tansy is suitable for gophers, marmots, spotted deer, sheep and some other species of animals. And for many insects, tansy are destructive, therefore it is used as a powerful insecticide. It is not used as a feed base for livestock, since in large volumes it causes poisoning in animals. The admixture of tansy in the diet of milking cows and goats gives their milk a bitter taste.
For therapeutic purposes, basic inflorescences are used, collected away from the roads and dwellings of people. Of these, infusions and decoctions are made, which are used inward and used externally in the form of compresses. They contain a large number of substances useful for the human body:
In the officially recognized medicine, the ordinary is most famous as an effective choleretic, antispasmodic, antiinflammatory and anthelmintic agent against ascaris and pinworms.
Tansy is used to improve appetite and digestion, for the treatment of constipation, flatulence and other intestinal diseases. With its help, they successfully fight rheumatism, bronchial asthma and liver diseases.
In the herbal medicine, tansy is considered an effective tool against cholecystitis, angiocholitis, enterocolitis, gastritis, gastric and intestinal ulcers. The extract of this plant is used to normalize the menstrual cycle, reduce swelling, the treatment of fading wounds, boils, seborrhea, as a diuretic with kidney diseases.
Alkaloids and essential oils are also present in tansy, which in increased doses can cause cramps in humans. In this regard, the use of preparations based on tansy inside should be agreed with the attending physician. Only he can prescribe the correct dosage of drugs and adequate treatment.
Contraindications for use
Topbased drugs are contraindicated in children, as well as women during pregnancy and lactation. The substances contained in tansy are capable of causing uterine hypertonicity, which in turn is fraught with miscarriage or premature birth depending on the duration. The ability of these substances to penetrate into breast milk has also been established.
Contraindication for the use of medicines from tansy is the presence of the following ailments in humans:
The danger is also the excess of the recommended dosage of drugs based on tansy. This can lead to disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea), rapid heartbeat, dizziness, muscle cramps and even loss of consciousness.
With reasonable and competent use of tansy, you can cope with many disorders and diseases of the body. The main thing is to be careful.