This is a mushroom related to the Amanite family, the family of fly agaric. This is a poisonous mushroom.
What does the structure look like
Pale Gabank is a hatcartilage fungus. At the first stages of ripening, the mushroom looks like an egg covered with a film. The hat has a green or brown color, on copies of this color you can notice radial fibers. However, they meet «Albinos». There are usually on the hats of young mushrooms «Warts» And the remnants «Films», where the embryo of the copy develops. As it grows, it becomes more convex, and then, on the contrary, it loses this property and whites.The diameter of this part of the fungus ranges from 4 to 10 cm, although sometimes this indicator reaches 16 cm. On the inside «Faces» the mushroom is located a plate layer. Scales are located close to each other, they are quite wide.
The leg of a pale pantry is usually quite small, although its height varies from 5 to 18 cm. The thickness of this part of the fungus ranges from 1 to 2 cm. The leg has a cylindrical shape. It narrows to the upper point and expands to the base. The surface of this part of the pale execution is smooth, on the leg you can sometimes notice the Muar pattern. The ring is white and durable, sometimes it hangs a little like a skirt of a ballerina. Usually it is on the leg for a long time. Volva mushroom of the same color as the ring. It is cupshaped, usually located almost at the ground level or is hidden by an opad. The pale pale is quite nice only «in young age», and then acquires a sugary smell.
The pale bog contains amatoxin that damages the organs. This substance slows down blood coagulation, causes internal bleeding and causes hallucinations. This fungus also contains phallotoxins that contribute to the disintegration of the intestinal mucosa, stomach and liver, which accelerates the absorption of amoxin. All parts of the mushroom are poisonous, including disputes.The use of the dispute may not lead to death, but will cause poisoning.
The first symptoms of poisoning
Typically, symptoms do not appear immediately after eating a poisonous mushroom for food. This happens only after 10-30 hours. Most often, the first symptom is a headache. Then the condition worsens: the stomach begins to hurt, hallucinations appear. After that, diarrhea with vomiting appears, convulsions may begin. When the first symptoms are replaced, the poison has already damaged the heart and the kidneys. After 10 days, people die. Already 40 g of pale guess is enough for a person’s life to hang in the balance. But, if you seek help at once when the first symptoms appear for help, the chance to survive increases by 50 percent.
What to do with poisoning
In anticipation of the arrival of doctors, the first thing you need to clean the stomach. To do this, drink several glasses of water and press on the root of the tongue. During the manifestation of symptoms, it is categorically impossible to eat dairy products. You can apply activated carbon, small doses of vitamin C.
The pale executive forms the alliance, namely mycorrhiza, with deciduous trees. These are oak and birch, maple and linden.
Where it grows
A pale extension grows in deciduous and mixed forests in Europe and Asia, in North America. This mushroom cannot be found in the coniferous forest, because the pitch loves fertile soil, not coniferous sandstones. In Eurasia, this dangerous mushroom is found only on the territory of a temperate climate belt. The mushroom is often found in parks.
One of the doubles of a pale gag is a gall mushroom. Its name is fully consistent with the taste. This mushroom is inedible, it will help to distinguish a leg with a thickness of 3 cm and a very dense pulp from the quager, which becomes red in case of damage. If you look closely, you can also notice a pink spore powder, which will also give out a double.
Another edible double is champignon. Under the mushroom hat there are plates that are painted in pink or brown, while in a pale gigant they are always white. The leg of the mushroom is also white, and in the poisonous relative it is yellowish.
Green Rawdock also looks like a pale bark. But this species differs with a straight leg, on which there are no rings and volva. This mushroom also has a very pleasant smell.
The float is also a double of a poisonous mushroom. He has a thin leg and a gray hat with rough edges, which will help to distinguish it from a poisonous guess, as well as the small size of the species.
Another double is Zelenushka. This mushroom is edible, it can be distinguished in a straight and smooth hat. The mushroom has a leg without a ring that is covered with gray scales. The greenfish in coniferous forests is growing, which is also a distinctive feature.
Often pale bark is confused with mushrooms. But the hat of this species has sand –Brown color and scaly plates of cream color on this part.
Иногда Бледную поганку путают и с Мухомором вонючим. The latter is easy to distinguish in white color and sticky skin, which is covered with mucus. The mushrooms have a different smell: fly agaric usually smells of chlorine, and the filter exudes almost nothing smells.
Pale executive in history
For the first time, Charles Pek wrote about this mushroom – famous mycologist who lived in the 19th century. He saw a pale pitch in North America. Scientists have studied Peck samples and found that the mushroom belongs to the genus Mukhomorov. At that time it was believed that this mushroom is found only where it was noticed for the first time. However, in the 70s of the 20th century, scientists learned that the pacing began to grow on the east coast of North America, and then the mushroom reached Europe. Even later, it turned out that this poisonous mushroom was brought from Europe unconsciously: the chestnuts that were transported to America were infected with spores of filthy. In just 50 years, this species has spread widely and now it can be found not only in countries with a wet climate. For the first time, this mushroom was poisoned by the family of Euripides, who went to the forest to collect mushrooms. Later, people chose poisoning with a pale bog, as a way to eliminate the competitor in the political arena.
How to get rid of this mushroom in the garden
If a group of mushroom data is detected, it is worth tearing everything out with the root. After that, you need to remove the mycelium from the ground, lifting its upper layer and removing all the threads. If this is not possible, you need to leave the soil layer raised for 3-4 days. The rays of the sun will remove all the remnants of the mushroom lord. After that you should carefully renew the place where the mushroom threads sprouted. In order not to face such a problem in the future, you need to remove all rotten wood from the territory and constantly remove weeds with high grass. This must be done so as not to create ideal conditions for the appearance of a guess: sites with wet soil.
- The spores of the pale gigant have the shape of an ellipse, they are smooth to the touch.
- Claudius – Roman emperor – They poisoned a pale bog. His wife added a mushroom to lunch. After the death of Claudius, his throne was taken by Nero.
- The spores of the grasp usually affect the rising mushrooms nearby and they become inedible.
- One of the papes of the Roman, Clement VII, died as a result of poisoning with a pale bog.
- Even 40 g of this mushroom are deadly. No processing can destroy the poison.
- About 50% of species poisoning from the kingdom of mushrooms falls on the poisoning of fly agaric.
- Recently, scientists have noticed that in California the Pugo formed mycorrhiza with Tsugu, and on the territory of Iran this mushroom was cooperated with a hazelnut. In Algeria, the mushroom formed an alliance with eucalyptus.
- Usually a pale extension grows in groups, it is met from midsummer to September.
- Many animals eat this mushroom for food, because their digestive tract can neutralize all dangerous substances.