Pasternak sowing (lat. Pastinaca Sativa) is a representative of the umbrella family. This is a herbaceous biennial plant.
The stem of the plant is straight, its height varies from 40 to 200 cm. Leaves located at the roots are longterm, and stem naked. The sheet plate itself has an oblong shape. The leaf outlet is usually erect, it includes about 9 leaves. The color stems of this biennial grow at the beginning of the second year, they are hollow and ribbed. The flowers of the plants are honey, orange, they form a complex umbrella. There are no wrappers. The fruits of the plant are yellowish, elliptical.
Pasternak has a corneal edible root, it tastes pleasant. It is quite powerful, goes into the soil one and a half meters. Easily absorbs moisture from the deepest soil layers. The root crop has a yellowish tint, usually it is conical or rounded shape. It is white inside, the root has a sweetish spicy taste. The diameter of this part of the plant is 10 cm, and its length ranges from 30 to 40 cm. Root crops that have a rounded shape are located at a depth of about a centimeter, and elongated roots can be found, a breakthrough of 3 cm of soil. Pasternak blooms sowing in early summer, and bears fruit in August.
Pasternak sowing is valued that it is resistant to frost. Its shoots can transfer the temperature to5 ° C.
The seeds of this plant germinate when the air temperature is 2 ° C. Sprouts rush on only on the 20th day. Suitable temperature for healthy growth of the plant varies from 16 to 20 degrees.
Where it grows
Pasternak is found in Eurasia, in the north of the Caucasus and in Turkey. This biennial prefers loamy soil.
The fruits of this biennial contain bergapteen with springs, routine and hyperin. They consist of 3% essential oil. The plant has a pleasant smell due to the high content of heptil and hexyl ether.
Pasternak fruits are usually removed by using direct combining. This is done when umbrellas acquire a brown color. After the peduncles are threshed, the fruits are thoroughly washed and dried in a cool room.
In folk medicine, Pasternak’s raw root is used to combat kidney diseases, jaundice and as an expectorant that helps well with bronchial asthma and sore throat. A decoction of roots and leaves increases appetite and fights with constipation. It has a tonic effect, strengthens hair and nails, eliminates acne rash. This broth relieves stress well, since it is great in vitamin B9.
- In cooking, Pasternak’s root is sown or its leaves are used as a side dish, it is added to soups and sauces.
- The most popular Pasternaka variety is “Student”. It is cultivated to create drugs.
- Plant fruits contain a lot of calcium and magnesium, iron and copper.
- In Ireland, Pasternak sowing is used as a mare substitute. After cooking with malt, it is fermented and a drink similar to beer is obtained.
- From the roots and leaves, plants make spray from ticks and spiders. The plant contains furanocumarines that are toxic to many insects.