Pigeon butterfly (lat. Lycaenidae) is a daily insect that belongs to the family of the same name. According to scientists, the number of species in the world fauna does not exceed five and a half thousand, most of which are located in the tropics.
As it was written above, there are quite a lot of species, so it will simply be impossible to describe them everything. Therefore, it is worth considering several remarkable varieties:
Dove Icarus. This butterfly lives in Europe and does not particularly depend on climatic zones. For its habitat, he prefers to choose heather fields, meadows with a plentiful amount of sun and steppe. Propagated only once a year, which is also a feature of the subspecies. In size can reach twenty millimeters. A female brown with a small spot on the lower part of the wings, which is the key difference of this species from others. The male, in turn, has a more interesting color: blue wings with purple tint.
Greenish pigeon. The habitat is already much already than that of the counterparts. This butterfly is found exclusively in the southern central parts of Europe. Instead of steppes and meadows, representatives of this species settle on the slopes of the mountains. The sizes are modest and rarely exceed twenty millimeters. The male has a blue color, but there are many brown intersperses on the wings. The female has a reverse color: brown color with blue spots. Of the features, one can also be called a white strip on the bottom of the wings.
Pigeon is pea. Popular in the southern part of Europe, but with the onset of spring begins to migrate closer to the north. It can be found in forests, in gardens and even in meadows, but these butterflies try to avoid a mountainous surface. The size is not particularly large and mainly ranges from fifteen to twenty millimeters. From the main distinguishing features, small tails of white can be distinguished, which are located in the rear. Females have ash or even black wings, and males are closer to purple and blue.
The pigeon is heavenly. This species is considered one of the most common, butterflies of this variety are found throughout Europe, regardless of climate. They can be found both on a spacious forest and meadow area, and on a mountainous. In size, it is already much larger than most of its counterparts, but this difference can be seen only in the scope of the wings, which reaches thirty millimeters. Of the distinctive features, it can be called a color that is covered with a special structure, as well as black spots closer to the lower part of the wings. The color of the color in males is blue, blue or purple, and females are more inconspicuous and have a brown or gray tint.
This is only a small part of the entire many species, since there are not enough of them all and several hours to describe them.
Lifestyle and behavior
Pigeons are daytime butterflies, and it follows that their main vital activity is in this time frame. They prefer hot and warm weather than cold, but individual species can migrate when the temperature becomes too sultry. These butterflies themselves are harmless, many consider them cute, but at the same time they are very combatready: males arrange fights among themselves to determine the strongest and take the best female. In addition, a remarkable fact can be called that these butterflies are not afraid of enemies and can even enter into a fight in an unequal battle. They protect their territory from birds, bees and other insects.
Representatives of this family are real hypnotist, who throughout their lives use ants as assistants. When the caterpillar begins to pupate, it emits microwaves that affect ants and allow you to control them. In the future, the caterpillar penetrates the center of the anthill and worries there winter, eating the larvae of his slaves. Then she fully pupates and a month later a butterfly appears, which can no longer publish microwaves and she has to fly out of the anthill.
Where they live
The most common view of the pigeons in Eurasia is Icarus. It is notable for the fact that the scope of its wings exceeds forty millimeters, and this is much more than the average butterfly. Pigeons themselves are the second most common family, about thirty percent of all butterflies inhabited by the Earth belong to this type. They meet almost everywhere, but most are trying to settle in the tropics. In order to exist without any problems, these insects try to lead their own liveliness near nutrient plants, which are many near rivers and other reservoirs. They do not know how to overcome large distances, because of which they have to live in one place all their lives, but some manage to successfully migrate, since the evolution of them took care.
What they eat
Almost all butterflies, regardless of the family, have one line uniting them all of them over time begin to lose the protein that they accumulate during the pupation. This feature is also characteristic of pigeons, so many individuals after several mating completely lose the opportunity to reproduce. To avoid this, insects try to absorb as many different nutrients from plants that pollinate as much as possible. They get their food with a proboscis, which without any problems reaches the core of the flower, after which the butterfly begins to drink nectar. Dovers are not a particularly fertile family, although it nevertheless gives its preference to plants than other sources of food. At the same time, some varieties feed on a nectar distinguished by a decay, decomposed fruits and bird litter. They have to do this, since their proboscis is not as developed as the rest.
Dovers have the same sequence of life as all other families: the egg turns into a caterpillar that accumulates nutrients and pupates, penetrates into an anthill and after a while it becomes a butterfly. Most pigeons give two generations a year, but at the same time some popular species multiply only once, and others every season. Typically, the mating period falls on the summer or late spring season. The offspring grows and develops at a rapid speed, although those born in the summer have biological processes much slower. Representatives of this family live less than anyone else, judging by statistics. Their life lasts from two to four days.
Like other butterflies, prayfish from the main natural enemies can be distinguished only by birds and small rodents, which, due to weakness and size, are not able to hunt for someone else, as a result of which they have to eat insects. Unlike most others, representatives of this family are brisk, so they can enter the battle, even if it is unequal.