Pigeon Roman photo and description of how it looks and where it lives | Red Book

Pigeon Roman (Lat. Neolycaena rhymnus) one of the types of butterflies that belongs to the family of a pigeon. Is not endemic of any edge, but is still considered an endangered view of the first category.


In its size, the pigeon Roman is not particularly large. The scope of its wings, with rare exceptions, varies from one and a half to three centimeters, while the front wings, which in any butterfly are the most part of the body, reach only a centimeter in length. The body of this insect has many hairs that are more like fluff, since not very long, but at the same time soft to the touch. The color of this fluff is light gray. The eyes are very small, bordered by white in a circle, and the tips of the antennae, which, by the way, are paceshaped, red. The wings have soft and even more fluffy edges, which are more like fringe, and their upper part is plain and mainly black or brown. The bottom is lighter, but it is not particularly noticeable. Throughout the perimeter of the wings, this type has many spots of different shapes and different sizes that have white color and form a peculiar pattern that does not repeat in any other individual. This insect is similar to the highest mammal around the world a giraffe, because its bodily patterns are not repeated for anything exactly in other individuals of the same species.

Where it lives

Representatives of this species are the most ordinary inhabitant of the steppe territory of the southeast of Europe. The range applies to many countries, so they can be found in Ukraine, Eurasia and even Kazakhstan. On the territory of Eurasia, the Golubyanka Roman can be found throughout the country, from the border with Ukraine to the Urals. It mainly settles on the untouched sections of the steppes, where there are a small number of shrubs and huge expanses. In addition, a pigeon is also found in the foothill areas at an altitude of up to 1.5 km above sea level.

Red Book

Until the beginning of the 20th century, this species was not considered dying and was the most typical for the territory of the entire globe, because it is not particularly picky to climatic conditions and can settled in any places where there are steppes and there is warm weather. But due to the development of the steppe zones, in which it is best, according to people, to build cities or other infrastructure, many species have become threatened by complete disappearance, and the Polubyanka Roman was no exception. At the moment, it belongs to the first category of the Red Book, and the threat of its disappearance is considered a critical.


Butterflies begin to fly from the end of June, which means that the formation of caterpillars ends at that moment. All pigeons lay off their offspring in late autumn, the eggs winter, caterpillars are formed in them, which begin to eat a stern plant and pushing out at high speed. This entire period takes only a couple of months, from early April to late May or early June. The female lays her eggs to plants, attaching them with the help of discharge, so that no wind can blow them.

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