Speaking of the desert, first of all, we represent sandy expanses, where there are no water, no animals, no plants. But such a landscape is not universal, and nature in the desert can be very diverse. In the deserts there are some species of birds, mammals, herbivores, insects and reptiles. So, they have something to eat in the desert.
Despite the hot and dry climate, strong wind and sand storms, lack of precipitation, representatives of the animal world are able to survive in such conditions. Some types of flora have also adapted to these conditions.
What are the living conditions of plants in deserts?
The local flora has devices that survive:
These devices allow plants to gain a foothold in the soil. Long roots reach groundwater, and the leaves hold moisture for a long time. Since shrubs and trees grow from each other at a certain distance, they can make moisture in their radius to the maximum. Only under such conditions of the flora exists in the desert.
What types of flora are growing in deserts?
The plant world of the desert is very unusual. The most common in this natural zone are different types of cacti. They are of different sizes and shapes, but in general it is a massive body and thorns. Some species have been living for about a hundred years. Aloe is also found here, has spikes and fleshy leaves.
Baobabs grow in the deserts. These are trees that have massive trunks and long roots, so they eat from underground sources of water. Quite often in deserts there are spherical shrubs of rolls. Also, a jojoba tree grows here, from the fruits of which valuable oil is obtained.
Small plants are numerous in the desert, which bloom during rain loss. During this period, the desert dresses in multicolored flowers. Among small plants, camel thorns and saxaul come across.
Among other plants in the deserts, lithops and karagach, a creosot bush and a rower, cereuses, and slippery. In oases, wormwood, sedge, rebelli and other herbaceous plants, trees and shrubs grow in oases.
All desert plants adapted to strict climatic conditions. But, despite the spikes, thorns, small sizes, the flora of deserts is magnificent and amazing. When precipitation falls out, plants even bloom. Anyone who saw a flowering desert with his own eyes will never forget this magnificent miracle of nature.
How plants adapted to life in the desert
The variety of plants in the desert is possible, since they have special devices and are significantly different from the vegetation of forests and steppes. If the plants of these natural zones have powerful stems and branches, then desert plants have very thin stems in which moisture accumulates. Leaves and branches are modified to thorns and processes. Some plants instead of leaves have scales, for example, in a saxaul. Despite the fact that desert plants are small in size, they have a long and powerful root system, which allows you to strengthen in sandy soil. On average, the length of the roots reaches 5-10 meters, and in some species and more. This allows the roots to reach groundwater, which plants. So that every shrub, wood or perennial plant receives a sufficient amount of moisture, they grow on a certain plant from each other.
So, a variety of flora has adapted to life in the desert. So the acts have been living for several decades, and some individuals have been growing for more than 100 years. Ephemers have different shapes and shades, which are especially vividly blooming during the rain. In some places you can find peculiar forests from saxauls. They can grow in the form of trees or shrubs that reach an average of 5 meters, but are higher. Very large shrubs are found in the desert. It can be sandy acacias. They have thin trunks and small leaves with small purple colors. Has a yellow flowering creosot bush. It is adapted to prolonged drought and harsh climatic conditions, scares away animals, highlighting an unpleasant odor. Various succulents grow in the desert, for example, lithops. It is worth emphasizing that any desert in the world can surprise you with the variety and beauty of the flora.