Plastic mushrooms examples of edible and toxic mushrooms, photos with names and description

Plates can grow together with a leg, do not reach it or go down through the entire length. Are wide, rare, frequent, fused with each other or have jumpers (be in the form of cells).

Edible plate mushrooms

Such a group of mushrooms includes delicious, edible representatives who have a plate structure under a hat. Disputes ripen in thin underblying plates. Their shape and color can be diverse, it all depends on the type of mushroom. The variety is elastic, great suits and pickling and pickling.

The real load (edible in Eurasia, in the world-conditionally sorting)

Mlechik, related to an edible form, the family of raw. A hat from 5 to 20 cm, flat or funnelshaped. The coating is mucous. The color is white or yellowish, sometimes cream. The pulp is dense, elastic. Plates are wide and frequent.

Loves deciduous and mixed forests, sandstone. Growing groups from July to September. Suitable for salting and pickling.

Dry Mozery (white loads)

Another name is the loads are white, since this is not a real rush, but a raw. Hat 5-18 cm in diameter. The plates are frequent, slightly down the leg. Fly firm, white, slightly sharp to taste. It is considered edible, but little appreciated due to the fresh taste.

Loves the edges of the coniferous, deciduous or mixed forests. Grows in the bushes, on sandstone, near reservoirs (in river ducts).

The cheese is yellow

The correct name is a light yellow raw. The hat occurs from 3 to 12 cm. While the mushroom is small, it is spherical, in the process of growth it becomes convex. Yellow color. The pulp is elastic, hard, white, with a floral aroma.

Often included in symbiosis with birch. Grows in a swampy territory, loves moisture and heating.

Rawhouse is a tubular tubercle

Violet raw dungeon with a convex dark tubercle in the center of the hat. Dimensions 3-12 cm in diameter. The color is a wine tint. Blindy plates, frequent. The pulp is white, on the break is graying, has a sweet and fruit taste. Grows in the coniferous, but prefers the pine.

Rawshela is green

White mushroom with a light swamp tint on a hat. Size-4-14 cm in diameter. The color is grassy-light-green, sometimes a little yellowish. White or light yellow-yellow flesh. The plates are frequent and very fragile.

Grows under the birch. It is found throughout Europe.

Food raw

Edible mushroom up to 11 cm in diameter. The color is more often brown, but purple, pink, lilac specimens are found. The leg of the mushroom is branching, the records are frequent.

The pulp is dense, with walnut notes. The most valuable and tasty raw. Grows throughout Eurasia, more often under conifers. Less often prefers oak and beech.

Wilch raw

The second name is diverse. A hat up to 12 cm, the main color of a green, gray-green or yellow-green shade. It is more often olive. Coating the mushroom from above is dry, velvet. Plates are frequent, intertwined at the legs. The pulp is white, it turns yellow in the air. There is no smell, the taste is sweetish.

The mushroom is edible, the taste is pleasant, without bitterness and peppers. Loves to grow in broadleaved forests.

Swamp raw

A bright representative of the rawray. The hat is fleshy, red, darker in the center. Ramified records, not grown. The pulp is first dense and white, with age it becomes loose.

Loves to grow in mixed and coniferous forests under larch, cedar. The period is August-September.

Conditionally sedentary plate mushrooms

This group of mushrooms has a similar plate structure, but such specimens are characterized by restrictions on. More often mushrooms can be eaten after special processing.

For some mushrooms, long soaking is needed, others need cooking or salting. In raw form, such types have a small amount of harmful toxins that do not cause poisoning, but can upset digestion.

Aspen Road

Mlechik from the Syroezhkov family. The hat is from 6 to 30 cm (mushrooms grow large), convex, with a hollow in the center. The edges are straightened, wavy. The color is white, sometimes pinkish spots can be seen. Plates are more often forked, not wide and frequent, with a light pink tint.

Mushrooms love aspen, willow and poplar. Grow in groups in the Lower Volga region from July to October.

The load of oak

Another type of load that prefers to grow with oak mycorrhizes. A hat up to 12 cm, brick, orange, funnelshaped irregular shape. The edges wrapped, wavy. The plates go down the leg, yellow. White-cream pulp, pink on the cut.

Grows in broadleaved forests. Loves bream, oak and beech. Sometimes it is a loner or localized by a group in June-September.

Black Road

The people are called chernushka, hollow, pig, spruce carrier. The hat reaches 20 cm, in the center of the pressed, the edges are open, funnelshaped. Coating in rain mucous. The pulp is firm, but brittle, when cutting is gray. Vilchato-divided plates, go down the leg. Olive, marsh, dark brown hay color.

Mikoza forms with birch. Grows in birch and mixed forests. Creates large groups, prefers moss. Can be found in the grass and by forest roads. Season from July to October. Contains Mutagen Nekatorin, considered harmful to the body, so it is necessary to boil several times.

White Mlechik

The mushroom is small, a hat up to 10 cm. The shape at the beginning of the growth is convex, then twisted into the funnel. The color is yellowish-white, later brown. The plates lengthen the legs of the legs, differ in cream color, branching. The pulp is white.

Loves to grow on sandstone in pine and mixed forests in dry weather.

A row violet

Recently began to relate to the genus of talkers. More often called a bruise, blue or blue. The hat is large, up to 15-20 cm. At the beginning of growth, hemispherical, then revealed and becomes pressed with bent edges. The mushroom is fleshy, dense, inside purple. Plates grown with a teeth, thin, brittle.

Prefers to grow on a rotting leaf fall or in a heap. Most often localized near the oak, ate. Creates “Witches Circles”. Can be adjacent to a talker smoky. Season-August-December.

The row is poplar

Other names subtopol, poplar row, funny. The hat is hemispherical, convex, up to 12 cm in size, uneven, curved. Sand, brown color. The pulp is dense, white.

Grows in large groups from August to October under poplars in parks, along roads. Most of all can be found in the south of Eurasia and Siberia.

Poisonous or inedible plate mushrooms

Such a group includes dangerous plate species for health and life. They contain toxic toxins that can cause severe poisoning, up to death. Such mushrooms may look attractive and smell appetizing, but a good view, not affected by parasites, warns the mushroom pickers that the mushroom is dangerous.

Pink raw

The second name is a beautiful raw. A mediumsized hat, reaches 11 cm, convex, has a deepening in the middle. The color is pinkish-red-brown, in wet weather is washed to a pinkish or lemon-cream shade. Records are frequent, beige, intertwined. It has a bitter taste.

In some sources, a conditional variety is considered. Often used in pharmacology. Grows throughout Eurasia and in North America. Loves deciduous forests.

Birch raw

Small mushroom growing up to 5 cm. Fleshy but brittle. The color changes depending on the weather, size and place of growth-from dark red to lilac-pink color, sometimes even white. The pulp is snowwhite, loose, fits on the cut. There is almost no smell, the mushroom is acute.

Often grows in birch groves, sometimes spruce. Loves moist places, slightly swampy terrain. Causes light intestinal poisoning, but some people risk and eat for food, related to conditional.

Red raw

Differently-blood-red raw. The mushroom hat reaches 10 cm in diameter, the color is red, bloody, wine, red-reddish, can fade. The pulp is dense, slightly reddish. The plates are branching and intertwined, frequent. The taste is caustic, bitter, but the leg is sweet.

Not very poisonous mushroom with poor treatment, can cause nausea and indigestion. Loves to grow in pine, coniferous and deciduous forests.

Broken raw

Small mushroom a hat from 2 to 7 cm, the leg is elongated, pacerant. The color is different-from pale purple to smoky-blue, sometimes olive. Blows branches, rare, with a gear edge.

The pulp is white or yellowing, the aroma is pleasant, the taste is very bitter.

Burning cheese

The second name of the mushroom is vomit. The hat is convex, over time it becomes flat and a little funnelshaped. Diameter up to 9 cm. Color from bright red (raspberry) to light pink. The plates are white, grow to the leg. Feature edges of the hat ribbed.

Grows in coniferous and deciduous trees. It tastes very bitter, but the toxicity of the mushroom is low. Some mushroom pickers collect it and greet it.

Bile russula

Mushroom medium-sized mushroom grows up to 9-10 cm in diameter. The color of the straw-yellow, beige, at the edges a little lighter. The plates from the inside are frequent, but closer to the edge are rare. The taste of the pulp is burning, bitter, so it is not eaten even after soaking. The poisonousness is low.

Likes to grow with beech, oak, sometimes you can meet in coniferous forests.

Death cap

The most poisonous mushroom. The use of even a small piece can cause severe poisoning, up to death. No fungal treatment reduces its deadly toxicity.

Rod fly agaric. Color whitish, sometimes beige, sand or olive. At the beginning of growth, the mushroom is ovate, covered with film. Then reveals and grows to 15 cm in diameter.

Grows near oak, beech, hazel. Loves deciduous and mixed forests.

Anterome fly agaric

Strongly poisonous mushroom-gallucinogen. It is categorically not used for food. Causes hallucinations, difficulty breathing, tachycardia and suffocation.

The hat grows to 12 cm, the color is pale brown, with white interspersed over the entire surface. The pulp is white, it smells unpleasant, but the tastes are sweetish.

Grows in all forests, more often under pine and oak. A lot of mushrooms grow from July to the end of September.

False honey agaric

False mushrooms include several mushrooms at once: a watery false pavement, kandol, sulfur-yellow, brick red, seroplastine.

Outwardly, mushrooms are similar to edible mushrooms. The difference is the absence of a ring on the leg.

Appearance of plate mushrooms

Plastic mushrooms have a variety of external indicators an eggshaped hat, a straight line, with uneven edges, a funnelshaped. The color is also diverse, it all depends on the specific type of mushroom. The main difference is the structure under the hat, which has the form of records growing from the center to the edge.

The level of mushroom toxicity also does not affect the tubular structure. All edible and deadly specimes grow with the same plates.

The classic type of plate mushroom is a hat, under the hat, smooth, straight plates growing to a hat or leg. The leg is straight or curved, there may be a skirt (it is absent in poisonous mushrooms). Size from 2 to 25 cm in diameter.

The structure of plate mushrooms

Plastic mushrooms have a simple structure parallel straight plates under the hat.

The structure of the plates can be different:

  • frequent (when there are a lot of records under the hat);
  • rare (there are few records);
  • cellular (made in the form of cells).
  • The plates can crash into a leg at the base, but can only be at the base of the hat. Raw representatives often have elements that go down the leg.

    Features of plate mushrooms

    In addition to records under a hat, such mushrooms have no other features. For comparison, there are spongy mushrooms, they have under their hat instead of records a tubular structure resembling a soft sponge. And in plate mushrooms parallel or cellular plates in which mushroom disputes ripen.

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