Polish mushroom a variety of booths, mossoviks or Imleria. The name of the mushroom came from the fact that in the past it fell into the markets of Europe from Poland. It is also called brown, Pansky or Mokhovik chestnut. It is considered an edible mushroom, a delicacy that not all can afford. Contains a lot of useful trace elements. In nature, it does not occur often. Grows in Europe and the Far East. Is an ingredient for many dishes. He is fried, boiled, dried, pickled.
Polish mushroom grows well on acidic soils. Usually common in coniferous stands. It can be found at the base, such trees as:
Prefers young trees. Favorite places lowlands and mountainous areas. You can also find on sandy soils and on the litter of the foot of the trees. Grows singlehanded or in small groups.
Growth time from the beginning of June until the end of November. It has an annual cycle. It is found exclusively in environmentally friendly areas. Does not accumulate radiation and poisons, so it is great for use. Even very large Polish mushrooms are absolutely safe. In September, the cost of the mushroom increases due to minor yield.
Appearance resembles a white mushroom. The hat reaches 12 cm. Convex form, hemispherical. The edges of the hat in young specimens are wrapped, but with age become flat. Color can vary from light red brown to chestnut shades. The skin of the hat is velvety and the absence of a wet splash. With age it becomes smooth and slippery in the rain. It is difficult to separate from the legs. Tubular layers of Polish mushrooms in white youth. With age becomes yellowish, and then yellow with a greenish tint. With mechanical damage, the tube becomes blue.
The leg grows by 3-14 cm and can have a diameter from 0.8 to 4 cm. Usually gets a cylindrical shape. Also, there are frequent cases of the development of a swollen leg. The structure is density, includes many fibers. Smooth. The color of the legs can have light brown color or brown shades. It is noteworthy that the leg will always be several tones lighter than the cap. When pressed, bluish traces are characteristic, subsequently acquiring a brown tint.
The pulp of the mushroom is strong, dense. The structure is heavy, fleshy. Has an excellent mushroom smell emphasized by fruit notes. It has a sweet taste. The color of the pulp is white or yellowish. Under the hat brown. In the air in the area of the cut, a bluish tint acquires, which over time is replaced by a brown. Then he whitens again. Young specimens are solid. They soften with age.
A spore pot of Polish mushroom can have olive-brown, brown-green or olive-brown color.
Beginners in the collecting of mushrooms often confuse Polish mushroom with white. A distinctive feature of the white fungus lies in a lighter, barrelshaped leg and in the pulp, which is not blue after the cut. Most often, you can confuse mushrooms from a kind of mossy with Polish:
- A colorful moss has a similar hat. With age, she cracks, showing a red-pink fabric under the top layer.
- Brown moss has a hat of a similar shade. A dry yellow fabric with a white shade is manifested through the cracks.
- The green moss has a brown or green hat with a golden or brown tint. The tubular layer of mushrooms has the same color. After cracking, yellowish fabric is visible. The leg of the mushroom is always bright.
- Satanin’s mushroom is similar to Polish mushrooms by external characteristics. Not intended for use, t.to. Contains poisons.