Population explosion in the world causes, consequences and solutions

The most important environmental problem is still considered the problem of overpopulation of the planet. Why her? Yes, because it was overpopulation that became the prerequisite for the emergence of all the remaining problems. Many say that the earth is able to feed ten billion people. But with all this, each of us breathes and almost everyone has a personal car, and they are increasing every year. Bottom line air pollution. The number of cities is increasing, there is a need to destroy more forests, expanding the areas of human settlement. So who will clean the air for us then?? Therefore, the Earth may and will survive, but humanity is unlikely.

Dynamics of population growth

The population is growing rapidly, according to scientists, literally forty thousand years ago, there were about a million people, in the twentieth century there were already one and a half billion of us, by the middle of the last century the number reached three billion, and now this number is about seven billion.

The increase in the number of inhabitants of the planet leads to environmental problems, due to the fact that each person needs a certain amount of natural resources to live. Moreover, the birth rate is higher just in underdeveloped countries, in such countries the majority are either poor or starving.

Baby boom solution

The solution to this problem is possible only in one way reducing the number of births and improving the quality of living conditions of the population. But how to force people not to give birth when obstacles may arise in the form: religion does not allow, large families are encouraged, society is against restrictions. The ruling circles of underdeveloped countries are beneficial for large families, since illiteracy, ignorance and, accordingly, are easier to control there.
Why is overpopulation a threat of hunger in the future?. Due to the fact that the population is growing rapidly, and agriculture is not developing so rapidly. Industrialists are trying to speed up the ripening process by adding pesticides and carcinogens that are dangerous to human health. What causes another problem of low-quality food. In addition, there is a shortage of clean water and fertile land.

To reduce the birth rate, the most effective methods are needed, which are used in China, where the largest population. The fight against growth there is carried out as follows:

  • Constant propaganda about the normalization of the country’s population.
  • Availability and low prices of contraceptives.
  • Free medical care when performing abortions.
  • The tax on the birth of a second and subsequent child, after the birth of the fourth, forced sterilization. The last item was canceled about ten years ago.
  • Including in India, Pakistan and Indonesia, a similar policy is being pursued, though not so successfully.

    Thus, if we take the entire population, it turns out that three-quarters are in underdeveloped countries, which consume only one third of all natural resources. If we imagine our planet as a village with a population of one hundred people, we will see a real picture of what is happening: 21 Europeans, 14 representatives of Africa, 57 representatives of Asia and 8 representatives of America will live there. Only six Americans would have wealth, seventy would not be able to read, fifty would starve, eighty would live in dilapidated housing, and only one would have higher education.

    Therefore, in order to reduce the birth rate, it is necessary to provide the population with housing, free education and good medical care, and there is a need for jobs.

    Not so long ago it was believed that it was necessary to solve some social, cultural, economic problems and that’s all, the whole world would live in prosperity. But in fact, it turned out that with a constant increase in numbers, resources are depleted and there is a real danger of an ecological disaster. Therefore, it is necessary to create joint approaches to regulate the number of people on the planet.

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