The hydrosphere includes all the water bodies of our planet, as well as groundwater, vapors and gases of the atmosphere, glaciers. These sources are necessary for nature to sustain life. Now the quality of water has deteriorated significantly due to anthropogenic activities. Because of this, we are talking about many global problems of the hydrosphere:
All these problems are caused by poor quality and insufficient amount of water on the planet. Despite the fact that most of the earth’s surface, namely 70.8% is covered with water, not all people have enough drinking water. The fact is that the water of the seas and oceans is too salty and undrinkable. For this, water from fresh lakes and underground sources is used. Of the world’s water reserves, only 1% is contained in fresh water. In theory, another 2% of the water that is in the solid state in glaciers is suitable for drinking if it is thawed and purified.
Water protection facilities
Water protection is a whole system of norms and rules aimed at ensuring proper protection of the most important resources. Water bodies for which rules have been established for their use of sanctions for violation include the following:
- Water places, the resources of which were officially recognized as curative. This includes zones of resorts and other sanitary and recreational areas.
- Water bodies of particular importance, such as aesthetic, recreational, cultural, research, etc.d. In their respect, the status of specially protected territories can be established.
- Objects recognized as water protection zones. These are reservoirs, canals, coastlines of seas, rivers, etc.d. Characterized by the presence of a special regime for the implementation of agricultural and other activities. The regime includes the existence of strict rules for the use of resources, to prevent their depletion, pollution and disappearance. Protection measures are also directed to representatives of the flora and fauna contained in these facilities. In some places, for example, fishing is completely prohibited. In relation to especially valuable water protection zones, a complete ban on the implementation of any activity is established.
Water use in industry
The main problems of water resources are that they are widely used in industry: metallurgy and engineering, energy and food industry, agriculture and the chemical industry. Used water is often no longer suitable for further use. Of course, enterprises do not clean up when it is drained, so agricultural and industrial effluents enter the oceans.
One of the problems of water resources is its use in public utilities. Far from all countries people are provided with water supply, and pipelines leave much to be desired. As for sewerage and drains, they merge directly into reservoirs without purification.
Water conservation methods
The most effective methods for protecting water resources are:
- legal method. The use of this method is carried out with the help of the main legal act the Water Code of Eurasia. It includes a description of all violations related to water resources, as well as sanctions that will be imposed on those responsible. SanPins operating in the territory of the state are used as auxiliary acts.
- Environmental measures. This paragraph includes a huge number of actions that must be carried out by responsible persons to conserve water resources. This may include the establishment of official bans on swimming in certain places, bans on the release of pollutants into the water, etc.d.
- Maintenance of the water cadastre. It is a kind of accounting book in which each water body and basic information about it are recorded:
Relevance of water protection
To solve many problems of the hydrosphere, it is necessary to protect water resources. This is carried out at the state level, but ordinary people can also contribute:
These are the actions to protect water that will help keep our planet blue (from water), and, therefore, will ensure the maintenance of life on earth.
Water protection rules
The developed and approved water protection rules are aimed at protecting the existing water resources of the planet and their conservation for future generations. This is achieved through the following methods:
- Putting the interests of the environment at the forefront, regardless of the interests of national or commercial. This includes the use of more expensive technologies in production, which provide minimal harm to water bodies, the constant implementation of new developments that reduce the negative impact on the environment.
- Regular holding measures to restore and ensure proper protection of existing water resources. This includes cleansing procedure, taking water samples, building effective cleaning schemes.
- Constant control over the illegal discharge of harmful things into water bodies. Conducting regular inspections of compliance with safety precautions in the activities of various industrial enterprises and factories.
- The appointment and application of serious measures for violation of applicable legislative norms.
- The education of the young generation about the need to protect water resources, about the importance of this issue in the modern world.