Pumpkin plants belong to flowering plants. There are more than six hundred species and almost all of them are annual (sometimes perennial) herbs, which calmly tolerate the winter thanks to a powerful root system. Only a few of them are shrubs or halfbrushes. The most ancient and only form of these plants is dendrosyz a rare endemic growing on the island of Sokotra.
Pumpkin representatives are widespread over the entire surface of the Earth of course, excluding the northern territories however, most of them grow in the tropics.
This kind of herbaceous plants is represented by the most famous of them an ordinary pumpkin, which is cultivated as both food and feed culture. This is an annual melon plant, which is distinguished by a hairy stem and large leaves. Large flowers are located one by one or bundles (depending on the floor). And a large fruit with a solid shell also has numerous seeds.
Representatives of this family are a bush type of ordinary pumpkin with small fruits from green to white. They came from North Mexico together with corn and pumpkin, it was the zucchini that was always the basis of the diet of local residents. Today, the zucchini grows wherever the climate allows: in appearance it looks like a large cucumber, but has a denser peel.
Cucumber sowing is an annual plant of grassy, known for more than six thousand years. It is usually eaten immature (for example, a pumpkin can only be eaten in a stage of maturity) it was precisely by this property that he received a name (Greek “Agus” just means unbearable). Today, cucumbers are cultivated in open and closed soil and more and more often new varieties and species of this plant appear.
This is a grassy annual a relative and a type of pumpkin that is not found anywhere in the wild. In Europe, Patisson was brought from America and it was here that he gained his popularity. Patisson is distinguished by a bush and semi-caste structure, has a memorable bell or plate form of a light shade-from white to green-yellow.
This melted annual culture was first described by Shnic Tunberg back in 1794. The root system of watermelon has high absorption and is very powerful the main root is able to penetrate deep into a meter. Watermelon leaves are hairy and quite rigid, on long petioles are located on long stems (more than three meters long).
Bach culture from the kind of cucumbers from Asia, where it was cultivated more than four hundred years ago. It is not found in the wild now but all the warm territories of the world are very familiar with it. Melon annual with a long thick stem up to two meters. It has three types of flowers male, female and bisexual depending on the type.
Tsukkini is a variety of zucchini that came from Italy. In Italian, it is called “Small pumpkin”. It differs from zucchini more compact lashes, greater decorative structure and leaves, and a more delicate taste of the pulp. The peel of the tsukkini is smooth or striped moreover, there are also different varieties depending on the shape of the fetus.
Pumpkin-Gorlyanka, or otherwise Indian cucumber, Kalabas is a one-year-old creeping liana from a pumpkin family. It is grown exclusively for the fruits of the bottle shape, which are used with a wide variety of purposes: for example, young fruits are consumed in cooking, but ripe forms are used as vessels or even musical instruments.
This edible form of culture from Mexico, which was known to the ancient Indian tribes. Today this plant supplies Costa Rica, but the tea is well known in many warm countries. The shoots of the Tea reach 20 meters and they need support. Its root system is a fleshy root with tubers formed in the second year of life.
Cycllanter is a Peruvian cucumber from a pumpkin family, which grows in many warm countries. South America is recognized as his homeland, and Inca began to cultivate it. The young plant is used in various species-both in the usual (fried-brewed), and in pickled form, and even eat stems and shoots. Black seeds of the plant are enclosed inside the fetus into a special camera.
Winter pumpkin, or Benincaz, is a grassy vine that brings huge fruits (up to two meters and weighing up to 10 kg). Unripe fruits have a velvety structure, but by the time of ripening are covered with a waxy raid it is this property that allows the winter pumpkin to persist for a long time after harvesting. The leaves of this pumpkin are not as large as others.
Sican, or fragrant pumpkin from Brazil and Ecuador. In the middle lane, this variety is usually cultivated in greenhouses. It has a slightly curved small fruit (up to 60 cm long) with a smooth peel of a saturated color. Sikan pulp has a special aroma and resembles a sweet pumpkin to taste. Sican is usually used in salads.
This is a bumping grassy plant originally from the tropical forests of America. It is cultivated and grown for the sake of small (up to 2 cm) fruits resembling tiny watermelons in appearance, and salted cucumbers to taste. Large tubers formed on plants (up to 400 grams) resemble a potato and are also eaten for salads.
Plants of the Pumpkin family have one common botanical feature this. All pumpkin are the owners of long stems, which are called lashes that can climb onto supports using a mustache. The leaves are usually a petiole shape, lobed, not having straps and most plants have both female and male flowers on the stem their share depends on the length of the daylight or other environmental conditions (for example, the content of carbon monoxide or temperature).
The pumpkin family finds the widest application from culinary purposes to the manufacture of blood vessels and certain musical instruments.