Pydinopa butterfly belongs to the family of the spines. This is a rather vast family, which has about 23,000 species. It is considered a pest, since the caterpillars of these butterflies cause serious damage to both agricultural and wild plants.
Types of pencils
The wide variety of these representatives of butterflies is a big problem for the development of crops and plants. The main types of butterflies:
Characterized by a very inconspicuous color against the background of pine trees. There are black, white and brown spots with zigzags on gray wings. Green pine caterpillars. They feed mostly needles, and since they are extremely voracious, whole hectares of leaves of various Christmas trees and pines can eat.
An amazing representative of the Pendenits family, who got rid of the dark pigment, making his color very similar to the birch trunk. This feature is due to the fact that the birch bark has become darker, due to the soot settling on it. The outer part of the wings has dark spots, because of this, the birch forester merges even more with the bark. The caterpillars of this representative are painted green and feed not only with birch trees, but also by Leshchina and Olkha.
Spread on the territory of the forests of Eurasia. The scope of its wings reaches 1.5 centimeters. The whole body, including wings, is painted black. There is a white edging line on the corners of the front wings. Caterpillar black spelloners of green color with velvety to the touch texture. They prefer to eat chestnuts, swams and other plants.
The largest number is in the territory of the Far East and Siberia. Gray wings, decorated with white uneven lines. Caterpillar brown, similar to a dry branch. They eat needles and fir.
Crown Pester (gooseberry)
A bright representative of the family, whose back and head are painted with yellow with dark spots forming a T-shaped symbol. On the lower part of the wings there are large spots and black and yellow stripes. The caterpillar-wingeds are also decorated with spots, but they look more elegant. Adults prefers to eat, as the name, gooseberry. Can encroach on branches with red and black currants, plums, apricots and apple trees. Caterpillars prefer berries seeds.
Wings of this species gray with small transverse black stripes. The caterpillars of winter recess prefer to eat bone and seed crops. They can eat buds and bones of wild deciduous trees. Eggs are laid in the crack of the bark at a temperature of up to 7 degrees Celsius.
So called a brown butterfly that can have a cream and green color. Two waves of wavelike shape flaunt on the wings. Larvae peeled off the leaves, kidneys and buds of apple trees, mountain ash, cherries, cherry plums, blueberries. Some representatives feed on birch foliage, linden, maple, rosehip. On damaged trees and plants, you can see traces of the bite of this butterfly.
Big green piked
Big spellon, because it has a wingspan of about 5 centimeters. Pupid butterflies have a bright green color of the body on which white strips are visible. Widely spread on the territory of European forests. Prefer to eat foliage of birch and hazel. Dangerous for other deciduous trees. Caterpillars of a large green spine are extremely large with a body length of about 30 centimeters.
Live mainly in Central Asia. Females have no wings, while males are brown-gray. The caterpillars of this representative are actively eating the leaves and kidneys of peaches, apricots, drain, apple trees and acacias.
The penny butterfly has a scale of wings, which can fluctuate from 0.9 to 5 centimeters. Average scope, usually 3 centimeters. The body is rather weak and thin, on which wide wings are held. It is noteworthy that the spine has absolutely no eye. On the front part there is only a weak proboscis and antennae. Many females either have no wings or they are shortened. The front wings of males are triangular, and the rear wings are slightly rounded. Active at night.
Caterpillars are represented by an elongated and wormshaped body. Body color is usually green, which allows them to be disguised in the foliage. Brown caterpillars are found, merging with the wood bark. The front legs are practically not developed, but the muscles are well developed that allows them to keep the weight for a long time with their hind legs.
Food and influence on agricultural land
Representatives of the Family Family are leafeating insects. They are considered pests, which overeat all important parts of the plants, thereby cause serious damage to fruit trees and shrubs. Their gluttony greatly worsens the condition of the fruit, reduces the yield of important crops and the vital activity of many plants. Since the recess can multiply with flashes, the damage that the caterpillars inflicted is not restored for several years.
In order for the spine does not start and does not spoil the crop, you need to start the fight against these pests at the beginning of autumn. To prevent the development of the population of these insects, you must first collect and burn fallen leaves. It is also recommended to dig a soil located under the bushes and trees. In specialized stores, solutions are sold to help to neutralize the pencils and prevent their development.