A large number of types of edible and inedible mushrooms grow on the territory of Eurasia. They are found in almost all climatic zones and are familiar to everyone. Among the variety of mushrooms there are ordinary loads, honey mushrooms, chanterelles that are not difficult to find in almost any forest. But there are also rare types of mushrooms, many of which have unusual forms, color, properties. For various reasons, their number is very small, therefore, in order to protect and save from extinction, they are listed in the Red Book of Eurasia.
Sunseline is white
This is an edible mushroom found in many regions of Eurasia. The color of the mushroom is almost completely white, only the skin on the hat can have a pinkish, brownish or yellowish tint, visible upon closer examination. Differs with a high leg with a thickening below. The lower part is closer to the fall often has a bluish tint. White Sunsin is found from June to September.
Is a “relative” of champignons, and therefore is edible. This mushroom is extremely rare and included in the red books of some regions of Eurasia. Find out the mushroom-zone is easy enough. Its hat is white, has the shape of an umbrella or bell. Almost its entire surface is covered with a peculiar fringe. The pulp of the fungus smells of radish and on the cut acquires a reddish tint.
Mutinus mushroom is difficult to confuse with others due to the original elongated form. The fruit body has, as a rule, a white or pink color and grows to 18 centimeters in length. Mutinus is different in that he does not have a hat. Instead, there is a slight disclosure of the inner part here. Despite the unpleasant odor, the mutinus of the dog can be eaten, but only until it leaves the egg shell.
The fly agaric is pivot
A rare mushroom growing exclusively on lime soils. The fruit body of the mushroom is large. The hat reaches 16 centimeters in diameter, the leg is swollen at the base. Both a hat and a leg have a coating consisting of flakeless scales. Unlike classic fly agaric, the mushroom has no red shades in color, as well as pronounced spots on the surface of the hat.
The setwinged set
Refers to the phallomyceta mushrooms. It grows best on highly rotting wood or humus, and therefore is more common in deciduous forests. The shape of the mushroom is unusual. In a mature state, from under the hat, a part of the dispute is hanging to the ground. Setkonoska edible mushroom. For unknown reasons, its number is steadily reduced, as a result of which it is included in the red books of several countries.
Geroport is chestnut
Hyropoport of chestnut has a classic shape consisting of a leg and a pronounced hat. The surface of the hat is smooth or covered with barely noticeable fluffy fibers. The leg of the mushroom has a spongy structure, with voids inside. In a mature state, the mushroom is easily broken. The pulp of the geropor is white. In some subspecies, its color changes sharply when the cut is performed.
This mushroom has no hat. In a mature state, the fruit body is painted red and takes the shape of a ball. Its structure is heterogeneous and has openings, which is why the mushroom looks like a lattice. Spongy pulp has a rotten smell. Red Reshece grows on rotting wood or leaves, is an extremely rare fungus and is listed in the Red Book of Eurasia.
Outwardly the hedgehog resembles white coral. Its fruit body is painted in purely white and practically no smell. As the place of growth, the mushroom chooses the trunks and stumps of dead deciduous trees. Despite the strange shape, the hedgehog is edible, but only at a young age. It is better not to eat mushrooms of medium and mature age. This mushroom is extremely rare and entered in the Red Book of Eurasia.
The griffin is curly
Outwardly, this mushroom is a fringed growth on a tree trunk. In a mature state, the fruit body of the griffole can reach a diameter of 80 centimeters. Most often, this mushroom grows violently on old oaks, maples, beech and chestnuts. The chicken griffin can be eaten, but it is very rare and not recommended for collection.
Gyroporus is blue
Mushroom with a hat with a diameter up to 15 centimeters. The skin of the hat has a yellowish, brownish or brownish tint. A characteristic feature is the turning of. Gyroporus is a blue character is distinguished by a change in color during a section of a fruit body. With impaired integrity, it is repainted from white to beautiful cornflower color. This mushroom can be eaten and successfully used in cooking.
This mushroom is distinguished by an unusual shape and a complete absence of a hat. The fruit body reaches 30 centimeters in height and 6 centimeters in diameter. At an early age, the outer surface of the legs is smooth, but later covered with furrows. The color of the adult mushroom is saturated ocher. An ordinary horned can be eaten, but has very mediocre taste qualities.
Mushroom with a dark purple hat up to 15 centimeters in diameter. The shape of the hat varies depending on age. At an early age she is convex, and in the future strives for a prostrate form. The mushroom grows in coniferous and deciduous forests in many countries. In Eurasia, the most widespread in the European part of the country.
It grows on the roots of trees and is a parasite, as it causes red rot on the tree trunk. It has many folk names, for example, “Kucheriyvy flagel. The fruit body of this mushroom is a bush form with many growths. Despite the unconventional form, Sparassis curly is edible. The number of this Sparassis is small, which is why it is included in the Red Book of Eurasia.
Chishkogrib is flakebearing
Edible mushroom with a hat up to 15 centimeters in diameter. The shape of the hat changes greatly depending on the age of the fungus. The taste of the mushroom is mediocre, it does not have a pronounced taste and smell. The pulp during the section acquires a reddish tint, and then slowly blackes up. Actively grows throughout the warm season, most widely in deciduous forests.
Mushroom with a hateshaped or flatshaped hat. The surface of the hat is more often chestnut, covered with small scales. Porphyry’s pulp is white with brown shades, but on the cut the color changes quickly enough. The mushroom grows on the basis, preferring the forest area. More often found near trees trunks, moreover, both deciduous and coniferous.
The normal spread of mushrooms is facilitated by both natural conditions and the preservation of natural habitats. The latter is completely dependent on the person. Many species are on the verge of disappearance, thanks to largescale cutting of forests, forest fires and environmental pollution. Only joint efforts and observance of special security measures, rare species of mushrooms can be preserved and their original number can be returned.