Reishi mushroom or tower lacquered (latch. Ganoderma Lucidum) was widespread in the regions of various countries of the world. He is a subspecies of a famous tarnish family. Earned his glory at the expense of the chemical composition. Was opened in Asia many decades ago. In Eurasia, Reishi’s therapeutic mushroom began to be used in traditional and folk medicine relatively recently.
Description and appearance
Reishi mushroom is also called a tincent lacquered. It is saprophytic. Sometimes he is also found on the bark of coniferous trees. It is best grows on the substrate of such deciduous breeds as birch, alder, beech and oak.
The fruit body of the varnished tinderbearing annual. Grows mainly in the warm season. The hat has a slightly round and flat shape. The diameter is in the range from 3 to 18 centimeters. The appearance resembles a fan with the islands bending down. The mushroom leg can reach a height of 5 to 25 centimeters with a diameter in the range from 1 to 3 centimeters. The form itself has a cylindrical view with uneven outlines. Leg, like a hat, is covered with a dense glossy skin. The color ranges from dark purple to red with characteristic light edges. On the surface of the cap can be characteristic concentric circles, which indicate the growth of the hat. Sometimes these zones can be painted in different ways: from orange to brown.
The pulp of this mushroom is rather stiff, reminiscent of the texture of the sponge or traffic jams. The older the mushroom, the harder its pulp. The color of the pulp can vary from yellowish to dark brown. Characteristic taste and distinctive odor does not have.
Himenopoline is located under a hat and represented by a small number of singlelayer tubes, which can reach only one and a half centimeter length. They also have a slightly rounded shape. In young mushrooms, the color of the Himenophantician is almost completely white, but it can darken with the age of the mushroom.
Where the Reishi mushroom grows
There is a misconception that Reishi mushroom grows only in Japan and China. However, this is not quite true. You can also find it in Eurasia. However, it is not commonly widespread, so in order to find it, it is necessary to stock up with patience and study mushroom places in the region.
For example, quite often Reishi mushrooms are found in the North Caucasus and Altai. They prefer to grow in the wild, so there is the easiest to meet them there. Find a lacquered tindergun in the forests of the Krasnodar Territory (list of mushrooms of the Krasnodar Territory).
There are many ways by which you can grow a Reishi mushroom at home. To do this, it is enough to allocate a small territory on the site, use a special mushroom man and prepare a stump. Reishi fungi are best on the surface of fruit stumps and trees. It is very important to stock up on patience, since the fruit bodies of the mushrooms of Reishi can not be collected at once. Often this may take about 5 years of constant care. Mushrooms can only be consumed when they ripen. Then they acquire a brown color and are endowed with a whole set of useful qualities. A great way to grow mushrooms is to use sawdust. To do this, you do not need to have any summer cottage, since the container with sawdust can be placed in the dark room of the room. For the growth of mushrooms in sawdust, it is necessary to feed them with various nutritional supplements. In any case, you should not count on a quick collection of the Reishi crop.
Reisha’s mushroom became his popularity because of its amazing composition, which is impressive by a large concentration of beneficial chemicals. Scientists from countries such as Japan, the USA, Korea and Canada conducted a large study of Reishi mushrooms, in which they studied the composition and effects of the mushroom on the human body.
In the chemical composition of Reishi, a number of components were found that have a comprehensive effect on the entire body. It contains a large concentration of active polysaccharides. They are a source of hanoderic acids that prevent an allergic reaction in the body, lower the blood sugar, increase the resistance of stressful disorders. Beta-glucans were also found, which have an anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory property. Ergosterins in the mushroom stimulate immunity.
There are also many water-soluble proteins-protheines, all essential amino acids, unsaturated fatty acids, a number of vitamins B3, B5, C, D and minerals such as AG, Ca, Fe, Na, Mn, Zn are also found in Reishi.
Therapeutic properties and their use in medicine
Reishi mushrooms include a whole pharmaceutical factory. Thanks to this, it is actively used as the main ingredient in traditional medicine and for the manufacture of various dietary supplements in pharmaceuticals.
Consider the main types of diseases in which to effectively use drugs and decoctions based on the composition of the Rishi mushrooms, as well as its properties in some cases.
Allergy. With this disease, the Reishi mushroom received separate fame. He easily removes various skin items, removes swelling and various consequences from skin rashes. Such a miraculous property is due to the action of ganodermic acids, which are contained in the composition of the mushroom.
Diseases of the cardiovascular system. Reishi fungus reduces blood cholesterol levels, prevent the development of tamboosis, and is also endowed with an antisclerotic property. Often, many drugs contain the components of this fungus, since it improves the nutrition of the heart muscle with oxygen, exerting a cardiotonic effect and normalizes the pulse.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Reishi mushroom is widely used in the fight against diseases such as gastritis, colitis, and so on. The effectiveness of the fungus in these diseases is due to the presence of magnesium, vitamin B and triterpenoids in its composition. As a result of the action of these substances, a spasmolytic, analgesic and antiinflammatory effect occurs. Daily use of this fungus contributes to the normalization of intestinal microflora and eliminating certain symptoms of dysbiosis.
Viral infections and colds. When using drugs based on Reishi mushroom for therapeutic purposes, there is a weak exposure to various viruses, which indicates its ability to strengthen the immune system.
Tumors. Many substances that are part of the Reishi mushroom prevent the development of malignant and benign neoplasms. Its daily use contributes to the active growth of cells, which protect the immune system from the appearance of tumors. With a diagnosed tumor, the use of the Reishi mushroom helps to strengthen the immune system and lengthens the life cycle.
Autoimmune diseases. Due to the presence of a number of immunomodulators, Reishi mushrooms contribute to an increase in the term of remission in patients with autoimmune diseases.
Reishi mushrooms also effectively fight kidney diseases, diabetes and hepatitis.
Methods of using Reishi mushrooms
Reishi mushroom can be used in several ways:
Natural. It is not recommended to consume mushrooms raw, so they are thoroughly dried and crushed in powdered appearance. The resulting powder is added to food. They can season with any dish in the amount of 1-2 pinch. Also, the powder can be taken in its pure form, washed down with a large amount of water. It is worth considering that the taste of mushrooms is not very pleasant.
Use as an additive to drinks. If you use tea or coffee with reishi powder, you can get a good effect. To do this, add a teaspoon of powder to tea or coffee.
Decoctions. The most popular way to use mushrooms. It is not difficult to cook it, but it is worth storing no more than one day. For preparation, you need to dissolve in one liter clean water a tablespoon of mushroom powder, the resulting mixture is brought to a boil and boil for another half hour. When the decoction has cooled, it can be consumed 1 tablespoon no more than 4 times a day. It is stored in the refrigerator for no more than a day. No need to give a decoction to children under 7 years old. A decoction of Reishi is useful for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver diseases.
Tinctures. Traditionally, tinctures are prepared either on vodka or on water. It is more effective to make tinctures on vodka, since it reveals all the beneficial properties of the mushroom. For its preparation, you will need 500 milliliters of vodka and 10 grams of Reishi powder. All these components must be mixed and poured into a glass dish. Within 30-45 days, the resulting liquid should be infused in a dark place. Then the tincture is taken for 1 teaspoon twice a day. However, this medicine has contraindications. It is not recommended to be given to minors, as well as people with liver diseases and gastrointestinal tract.
Oil extract. It is effective to use it with various skin diseases, as well as in diseases of the cardiovascular system and liver. Oil extract is made on the basis of corn or linseed oil with the addition of Reishi powder. The finished extract can be purchased in the store. In order to cook it yourself, you will need about 50 grams of ground mushroom and 500 milliliters of linseed oil, previously warmed up to 45 degrees. The resulting ingredients must be mixed and immersed in a glass container. Oil extract should insist 7 days in a dark place. Then it is recommended to take 1 tablespoon no more than 3 times a day before meals.
Before prescribing Reishi mushrooms, you should consult your attending physician for advice. Various medications have Reishi mushrooms, in particular, as part of various dietary supplements and herbal gatherings. Before applying them, carefully read the instructions.
The use of Reishi mushrooms
There are a number of general contraindications by which it is worth abandoning the use of Reishi mushroom. These include:
You should also abandon the use of Ganoderma Reishi with anticoagulants. In order to avoid possible complications, you should consult a doctor before starting the course of Reishi treatment. It should be understood that any mushrooms are a heavy product that has been absorbed in the body for a very long time.