- Brief information
- The history of the breed of Russian hounds
- Description of the breed of Russian hounds
- Education and training
- Maintenance and care
- Health of Russian hounds
- For whom Russian hounds are suitable
- How to choose a puppy?
- The price of Russian hounds
12 to 15 years old
The history of the breed of Russian hounds
Russian hound is a breed of dogs, which has long been actively used in hunting for foxes and another fur beast. There are no exact information about how the dogs of this breed in the Russian Federation appeared. It is believed that Tatar-Mongol tribes took them with them. But there is another version that the author of many books on dog breeding and. AT. Kamernitsky. It lies in the fact that the Russian messenger was obtained as a result of crossing abiogenic huskies and entertained to Russia of the cops.
As hunting dogs, our ancestors began to use Russian hounds at the beginning of the twelfth century, and in the nineteenth they were already actively shown at exhibitions. But at that time they were called “oriental hounds”.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, targeted work began over the breed, and the phenotype was practically formed. But the civil war prevented him from bringing him to perfection. While it lasted, work on the breed stopped. At the end of the war, I had to restore the number of dogs and start all over again.
The process was strongly slowed down by the presence of a large amount of diverse domestic number. Tsarist Russia could boast of considerable nurseries, which contained dogs after the revolution. In 1925, at the AllUnion Congress of Kinologists, it was possible to accept a certain and separate standard for Russian hounds. This allowed the breed to stand out among many other similar dogs. And in 1939 a law was issued, which forbade to breed any types of hounds except Russians and Anglo-Russian.
In 1901, the first tests appeared to identify the working qualities of the breed. They were not aimed at specific individuals and their talents, but at the possibility of dogs to work in groups. And only twentyfive years later a special complex was developed, which allowed to select Russian hounds according to individual characteristics.
Description of the breed of Russian hounds
These strong dogs are characterized by growth above average, have an elongated body and a special “animal” appearance, which can resemble a wolf in appearance. This appearance is due to the high front and the characteristic manner of holding the head low.
Head. Dry, wedge-shaped. Strong enough, proportional to the body. The occipital protuberance and superciliary ridges are weakly expressed.
Muzzle. Elongated, the transition of the forehead to the muzzle is smooth, but very clearly visible.
Ears. They resemble a triangle in shape, are in a hanging position. Relative to the head, not very large, fit well to the skull.
Nose. The nose is black, rather large and wide. Slightly protruding forward.
mouth. Jaws well muscled, strong.
Teeth. Have a scissor bite. The dentition is even and clear, stands out well.
Lips. Narrow and dry, fit well to the jaws and teeth. Darker than overall tone.
Eyes. Almond-shaped, slightly oblique. The iris of the Russian hound is a rich brown color.
Neck. The length of the neck is the same as the length of the entire head. Well muscled, standing low.
Frame. Strong, with developed and dry muscles. The withers are clearly visible and are higher than the level of the back. The top point of the croup is one to two centimeters lower than the same point of the withers. The back of the Russian Hound is also well muscled, characterized by a slight rise above the topline in the shape of a dome. Croup downed, slightly sloping. Belly dry, lean.
Breast. Rather broad, set deep. The lower point of the chest is located below the elbow joints.
Tail. Thickened at the base, tapering towards the end. Does not go below the hock, even when at rest. When the dog is alert, he rises to the level of the line of the back. The wrong form or too long is the reason for disqualification.
Front. If you look at the dog in front, then the paws will be parallel to each other and are perpendicular to the surface. The muscles are well expressed, dry. The elbows are in parallel, they “look” strictly back. The degree of the shoulderfooted corner of the Russian hounds just above a hundred. The heels are quite strong, the fingers on the paws are tightly pressed to each other, have a dark color.
Rear. The hind legs are also dry, with good muscles. The angle of the hiding joint is perfectly pronounced. The legs have an elongated shape.
Russian hounds have a mediumlength wool and only on the limbs and ears is it much shorter. It forms a noticeable scruff around the neck. The undercoat is tightly full and thick.
According to the standard, the Russian hound can have only three colors:
Podpalins, in turn, can be white or a slightly yellowish shade. In the area of the neck, the presence of small spots is allowed.
Russian hounds are distinguished by an extraordinary mind, endurance, tolerance and balanced character. They are calm and will not “go broke” for no reason. They interact perfectly with all family members, but they certainly choose only one owner, who is unquestioningly obeyed and consider it authority.
Russian hounds have very strongly developed hunting instincts. Therefore, it may be difficult for her to get along with other pets, especially if it is rodents. On the street, the dog can “encroach” on the life of cats and birds, as well as on “brothers” small size. Therefore, it is very important to correctly educate the dog from an early age in order to avoid possible problems in the future.
Russian hounds treat children perfectly. They love to play active sports with older children and will calmly endure the arms of the kids. Can be a beautiful and sensitive nanny.
High level of intelligence allows dogs to learn quickly. They literally grasp the commands on the fly, the training will not be a burden. But it should be carried out systematically, a special approach must be found for Russian hounds. This dog can show not only positive aspects of character, but also not the most pleasant from the point of view of the owners. This is stubbornness, waywardness and dominance. The owner needs to show strength of character and perseverance.
In general, a Russian hound is a rather balanced dog with a stable psyche. Its pluses also include unobtrusive. This breed will not pester the owner and demand increased attention to himself.
Education and training
The intellectual indicators of this breed are at a high level, so training will take place quickly and effectively. The dog remembers the team perfectly, subtly feels the mood of the owner. The fact that the Russian hound is so “merging” with its owner, there are even legends. They say that in the process of hunting, these dogs are able to think as well as their owners, literally capturing the course of their thoughts, which allows you to achieve any goal.
But there is another side of the coin. Every Russian hound has a stubborn “dominant” inside that can wake up at any moment. This can play a trick on the dog in the process of education or work, despite the fact that Russian hounds are by nature workaholics.
Animals need a lot of exercise to stay healthy. If you give your dog plenty of running before training, the results will be much better. If you start training before he can throw out energy, then the attention of the Russian hound will be scattered, the dog will be nervous and restless.
Since the main purpose of the breed is hunting, a dog should be prepared for it from the age of three months. From “childhood” the Russian hound must get used to the sound of a hunting horn, and also learn the basics of this business. It is recommended to close the puppy in the room before feeding and blow the horn. Then, over time, the dog will catch the connection between these sound and food obtaining. Therefore, it will immediately respond to the bugle in the process of hunting.
It is important not only to develop the working qualities of the Russian Hound, but also to restrain her natural instincts. Patience is very often a weak point in this breed, so in the process of training it is necessary to emphasize it as well as politeness. In everyday life, you should not indulge your pet. Don’t let him pounce on food as soon as the bowl hits the floor. Your dog should get used to eating only when you let him. Do not aggressively pull her away from the bowl and even more so punish physically. But even simple persuasion will not do here. This aspect is very important if you want to keep a dog not only “for beauty”, but also use it as a hunting partner.
Old and proven methods are used to drive the Russian hound. You can take a dog into the forest no earlier than she is one year old. Until that time, the puppies will bring little benefit and, to a greater extent, will simply have fun. It is better to start lessons early in the morning on a blackstock, while the trace of the beast is still pronounced and the dog is easy to take it. Dogs that will be used in flocks should be immediately accustomed to work in a spaved collar, which is called a “bow”. An adult and experienced dog will be the best companion for a beginner. He will quickly learn from her all the wisdom, if you put them in a couple.
Before proceeding with the professional training of a dog, you must definitely teach it standard teams, the list of which includes:
The dog can chase behind the beast only if the owner gave the corresponding command. A dog who does not understand the commands and does not obey the owner will be forced to make decisions on his own. This, as practice shows, leads to sad consequences. Until learned animals without proper skills rarely return from the forest.
Russian racing should be raised so that it calmly reacts to cattle and pets. This is quite difficult to do, so only patience and consistent training will help here. With this breed, you should always be on the lookout if it lives near a chicken coop or a corral with animals. Even those dogs that show their restraint can “break loose” and start hunting. Especially dangerous are those who have already tasted a domestic duck or goose.
On the hunt, the Russian hound has responsible tasks. She needs not only to take the trail of the beast and track it down, but also to scare and force it to move towards the owner so that he can better aim before the shot. Also, the Russian hound is able to give its barking signals about what kind of prey it managed to track down. To do this, dogs can change the timbre and tone of barking. By the way, the Russian hound has an unusually melodic.
The distinctive quality of this breed, which is very appreciated by professional hunters, is called. This means that the dog instantly responds to the call of its owner.
The ability to make your way even through dense thickets and thickets and endurance are appreciated no less high. For example, a wellprepared dog can chase at least all day, while making only shortterm breaks. The advantage of the Russian hounds is also considered to be bitterness aimed at the beasts. If at home your favorite is a meek and obedient animal, wagging tail, then on the hunt in it will “awaken” a true and merciless predator. But, the balance should be observed. The dog should remain controlled and not lose his head when he hears a fox or hare nearby. And twitching, nervousness and fussiness may indicate that the dog does not get “right” working qualities.
Most often, Russian hounds are used to hunt small animals, but some dogs are able to drive a wild boar or even deer. There are two types of hunting in which this breed is used:
If the dog is still young and has not gained experience, then it is preferable to practice the second option. Thus, the hunter can control the dog and guide it, correcting possible misses.
Some Russian hounds, despite their naming, may have problems returning to their owner. The dog can get so carried away by the beast and the pursuit that he stops hearing the sound of the bugle and gets lost in the forest. After some time, the dog may return, having found its way in its own footsteps. That is why hunters are not recommended to leave the place where, presumably, the dog was lost, at least a couple of hours. Modern technology allows you to search for animals more efficiently, some hunters use collars with GPS function.
Maintenance and care
All the life of Russian hounds, no one spoiled “greenhouse conditions”. On the contrary, they were kept as “Spartans”. They spent most of their time outdoors. In the kennel, which was not heated anyway, dogs were brought only in severe frosts. Modern breeders also have an opinion that warm rooms can negatively affect the working qualities of the Russian hound. They claim that from harsh hunters, dogs turn into sissies. Therefore, an excellent option for keeping a Russian hound would be a booth, which is made of boards and insulated inside. Does not interfere with the curtain-damper from the cold wind. For bedding, dry foliage or grass is suitable.
It is better to put the booth not in the open air, but to protect from snow and rain with a canopy, as well as place the aviary (the size should not be less than 9 square meters). It is needed if the fence on the site is low or flimsy. If the fence is not strong enough, then the Russian hound will quickly cope with it: it will dig a crawl or simply break it with teeth and claws.
A dog can also be kept in a kennel (barn), but it needs to be outdoors enough. With a lack of sunlight, some dogs develop rickets. Puppies and pregnant bitches are usually housed in separate enclosures.
It is better to cover the floor in the aviary with sawdust. This will make it much easier to clean up. The Russian hound has a rather tight coat, so sawdust will not interfere with the animal. In one of the corners it is advised to pour gravel. Thanks to this technique, the dog’s fingertips will gradually coarsen, the sensitivity will decrease, which will allow the Russian hound to move freely through the forest and not feel discomfort.
You need to walk the Russian racing more than twice a day, like many other dogs, but at least three times. Physical activity is very important to her. Dogs That Don’t Throw Their Energy Out May Have Behavioral Problems. In addition, the dog will rapidly gain weight, which he definitely does not need for hunting.
Use a muzzle for walking. The Russian Hound is not naturally aggressive, but rather a large breed of dog. Therefore, it is better to play it safe so that others are calmer. To make it easier to manage your pet, use a short and long leash in various situations.
The coat of the Russian hound does not need special care. It is enough to bathe the animal once a month, and the rest of the time you can just clean it with a wet mitten. Combing is also not necessary, the dog sheds quite strongly, but evenly. But if you sometimes pass over the body of the dog with a brush, then it will look much neater.
It is better to bathe a dog in the summer so that it does not freeze in the winter when it dries in the open air. In the warm season, Russian hounds can “take a shower” with shampoo designed specifically for dogs. And in the cold you can “soap” the wool with clean snow. If the dog decides to swim in a lake or river, then after that it must be washed with running water.
Check your pet’s ears regularly. The excreted sulfur should be removed with wipes moistened with veterinary lotion.
After each hunt, it is necessary to carefully examine the pads and fingers of the Russian hound. In these places, dogs often have splinters that need to be removed, otherwise the wound will become inflamed. Damaged skin is treated with an antiseptic. Preferably for those who don’t bake.
Many dogs of this breed are not averse to chewing branches or cones at their leisure in the forest. Therefore, inspection of the mouth will also not be superfluous. Don’t ignore your eyes.
Dogs that regularly attend hunting should definitely be vaccinated against such a life-threatening disease as piroplasmosis. It is transmitted with the bite of ticks, of which there are a huge number in the spring and summer forests. Vaccination is carried out two to three months before the start of the hunting seasons. To provide additional protection, you can use sprays, drops or special collars that repel blood-sucking insects.
Russian hounds are quite picky about food. They will be happy with anything you put in her bowl. Of course, each dog has its own preferences, as well as character or other features. But in food they are definitely not picky.
Experienced breeders recommend feeding Russian hounds with premium and super premium professional wet or dry food.
If you decide to keep your pet on dry food, then be sure to make sure that he has clean water at all times. If the dog is not yet accustomed to food, then give it in a soaked form. Can you mix dry food with wet food?. The main thing is that it is from the same manufacturer.
When choosing industrial feed for the Russian hound, rely on these tips:
In highquality feed, there are all the necessary vitamins and trace elements, it is well balanced. Therefore, to accept additives there is an additional need if your dog is completely healthy.
Health of Russian hounds
The most important condition for maintaining the health of any breed of dogs, which is often in the fresh air and, especially in the forest, is timely vaccination and processing from parasites.
Like all hunting dogs, a Russian hound can get rabies from a fox that can be a carrier of this infectious disease. For the dog it is fatal, since treatment has not yet been invented. The only salvation is preventive vaccinations.
In addition to rabies, Russian hounds have several diseases to which this breed is subject to. These include hip dysplasia as well as degenerative myelopathy. The first disease has become the most common in dogs in the last few decades. Many breeds suffer from it. There are special tests that can show the predisposition of an animal to hip dysplasia. Experienced breeders always ask to see the results of such tests before mating in order to protect the future litter from a hereditary disease. A dog that suffers from dysplasia will be culled. It cannot be used for hunting or breeding.
In degenerative myelopathy, the amount of white bone marrow gradually decreases. There is no cure for this disease, only supportive care.
Russian hounds can injure their eyes on sharp branches or grass. Therefore, it is important to inspect them after each hunt.
This breed does not suffer from food allergies, so you will not have to choose a special food.
Divorization is allowed male at the age of the year and older, as well as bitches after the second estrus. Knitting is planned in such a way that they fall between the seasons of hunting. Pregnancy in Russian hounds flows 56-63 days, bitch give birth, mainly easily. In the first liter can be from two to four puppies, and then from four to six. The females have a pronounced maternal instinct, they do not depart from their puppies and take care of them, provide warmth, food and safety.
For whom Russian hounds are suitable
Russian hound is ideal for a person who is fond of hunting and needs a faithful and smart animal who will help to track down and drive animals. Do not start this breed if you live in a small apartment. The dog needs constant walking and activity, even if she lives in a private house. In the apartment, she will be ill. If you are not going to cultivate its working skills in Russian hounds and will not go hunting, the dog will not be able to realize its potential. As a result, the animal may develop deviations in behavior.
The Russian hound will not be the best option if you have not had dogs before, and this pet will be the first. The Russian hound is distinguished by some waywardness and stubbornness, so you can not calculate the strength and not cope with the training. But with children, she gets along well, provided that the dog receives the right education from an adult family member.
How to choose a puppy?
Choosing a puppy of any breed is a very responsible matter. After all, he will become a new member of your family. You should be especially careful when choosing a Russian hound if you plan to go hunting with it.
When choosing, it is better to be present in person, so visit the nursery to look at the babies, their mother and the conditions in which they are kept. Watch the dogs. They should be active, eat with appetite. Pay attention to the wool of the puppy, it should be brilliant and smooth.
The breeder must show you all the necessary documents, including the passports of the parents of the puppies. When your new pet is in a new place, you need to follow all the advice and instructions of the breeder so that the puppy can successfully adapt.
For future hunters, the requirements are more stringent than for those dogs that will not be used for this. Take a closer look at the puppy’s complexion, it should be large, with straight limbs, without a sagging belly and arched back. Of course, a lot depends on training, but health, pedigree and inclinations will play an important role in shaping character.
The price of Russian hounds
If you need a puppy with a pedigree from famous parents, then the cost will increase three or even four times.