Samoyed dog (laika) photo and all about the breed


  • Country of origin: Russia
  • The size:
  • Growth:
    46-56 cm at the withers
  • The weight:
    20–28 kg
  • Age:
    10–12 years old
  • FCI breed group:
    spitz and primitive breeds
  • Brief information

  • A very active and curious breed;
  • Tends to make independent decisions;
  • Stubborn dog;
  • She doesn’t tend to be aggressive.
  • History of the Samoyed breed

    It is believed that Samoyed dogs are one of the oldest breeds. It appeared in the 11th century BC.uh. and was a faithful assistant for people who lived on the territory of modern Siberia and the North of Russia. The first mention of a snow-white dog was found in the ancient Samoyedic language. Then people lived side by side with a Nenets like the ancestor of a modern Samoyed dog. Obedient animals helped people in everything: they hunted, drove people on a sleigh, grazed deer, guarded small children. Often fluffy dogs with a threelayer undercoat were left in the plague for heat. They were hugged and warmed by harsh nights. Warm things were made from dog wool. Ancient like among different peoples had a different color of wool. From white to dark brown.

    Most likely, the Samoyed Dog got its name by the name of the people. Initially, only the Nenets were called the Samoyed the most numerous people of the Samodian group. Then all the people of the Samodian group began to be called the Samoyeds. Their dogs began to be called “Samoyed Dog” or just “Samoyed”.

    There is also another version of the name. The northern peoples harnessed white dogs in a sled, and there was absolutely no animals in the white snow. It felt like the sleigh was moving on its own. And so the name “Samoyed” appeared.

    The Samoyed dog in its modern form, as we know it now, appeared around the 19th-20th century. British zoologist Ernst Kilbrun in 1889 studied the Samoyed tribes on a long expedition. Upon returning home, he brought three dogs with him. After selection, he received a fluffy, snow-white companion dog with a good-natured character. Europeans liked these animals so much that soon the breed spread throughout Europe and around the world.


    This is a companion dog, a true friend who does not single out one owner, but is equally devoted to all family members. For a Samoyed, the owner is the whole world. It is very important for them to be in the company, to communicate. They like to visit, to be in big companies and in crowds of people. It is worth remembering that the Samoyed Laika is not a guard or a hunter. She is very person-oriented and created to communicate with him. For service purposes, it is better to look at other breeds.

    These dogs are not prone to aggression, they rarely give a voice and growl. Samoyeds are very friendly, get along well with other pets, including cats. Moreover, it does not matter whether the dog grew up with another pet or appeared in the house before him.

    Samoyed dog (laika) photo and all about the breed

    Since Samoyeds have blunted hunting instincts, the dog will not frantically hunt for a cat (or other small pet), but he will definitely not mind playing. These dogs have a unique property they never lose their puppy enthusiasm and love active games, regardless of their age. Therefore, even from an elderly dog ​​it is not necessary to expect sedateness, he will still periodically behave like a puppy.

    These are ideal dogs for families with small children they quickly find a common language with them, are happy to participate in all games and generally enjoy spending time with them. At the same time, dogs show amazing patience with what children can do with them.

    But it is worth noting that the Samoyed dog is not an easy breed. They are very stubborn, and you should not expect obedience and unquestioning obedience from them, as, for example, from shepherd dogs. These dogs are very independent and allow themselves not only not to obey, but to contradict the owner if they think that he is wrong.

    For this reason, the training of Samoyed huskies is a laborious task and requires patience from the owner. If you approach the issue with imagination, the process can go much easier. The fact is that Samoyeds have a well-developed intellect and perfectly remember commands, but getting them to carry out these commands is the main snag in training these dogs. Therefore, if this process is dressed in a playful form that is understandable and pleasant for the dog, the Samoyed will quickly turn on and happily begin to do what is required of him.

    Samoyeds have a high-pitched voice. Some owners note that Samoyeds are very fond of “talking” and often sing.

    Description of the Samoyed

    Dogs of this breed are medium in size, with a strong physique and a wide chest. Paws are large, soft. Collar around the neck. The muzzle tapers towards the nose, but is neither pointed nor square. Ears are erect, set high, mobile and slightly rounded.

    A thoroughbred Samoyed husky must have:

  • “Samoyed Smile”. The corners of their lips are turned up, and it seems that they are always smiling;
  • Black round nose, which makes them look like polar bear cubs;
  • Fluffy tail that can touch the back. Should not be twisted into a double ring;
  • Eyes black, almond shaped. Light eyes are considered a deviation from the norm;
  • They do not smell at all of the characteristic smell of a dog;
  • White or cream wool. Light brown shades are not allowed. Hair straight, does not curl.
  • Care

    Representatives of the breed have luxurious wool. From the outside it may seem that she needs special care. In fact, everything is not so scary. Samoyedov must be combed regularly. Their coat rolls and confuses, so once a week the owner must find time for this procedure. Without combing in the dog, tangles appear behind the ears, in the area of ​​the shoulders and tail. Sometimes the tangles fall so much that it is easier to cut them. Although these dogs strive to independently monitor wool like cats, help will not be superfluous. Twice a year Samoyed like. Be prepared that during these periods of wool in the apartment there will be really many.

    It is not recommended to bathe samoyeds often only if necessary. In addition, the Samoyeds do not smell at all the characteristic smell of the dog. But cutting dogs of this breed is strictly impossible, since the haircut violates the natural process of thermoregulation, and this should be avoided.

    Conditions of detention

    Samoyed dogs are perfectly adapted to life on the street, and they simply need fresh air, but it is unacceptable to keep them on a leash. Samoyeds need space in which they can move freely.

    In a city apartment, dogs of this breed can also feel quite comfortable, but for this they should provide the necessary level of physical activity. You need to walk your dog at least twice a day, and the duration of each walk should not be less than an hour. Be sure to give the Samoyed the opportunity to properly run and play.

    It should also be borne in mind that dogs of this breed do not tolerate loneliness very well and, if left alone for a long time, may behave inappropriately. Note their susceptibility to bursts of activity, during which the dog can inadvertently smash everything around.

    Predisposition of the Samoyed dog to diseases

    Dogs of this breed rarely get sick and live 12-15 years. However, they still have a predisposition to the following diseases:

  • Diabetes;
  • Hypothyroidism;
  • Dysplasia;
  • Loose bowels;
  • kidney disease.
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