Sanwitaly is a stunted plant that belongs to complex. Sanvalia can be found in America. This species was named in honor of one Italian who worked as a botanist and opened the form. This species began to cultivate back in the 18th century.
There are several varieties of sanvilia. One of them is honey saved. This variety blooms more abundant than others. Reason flowers are usually yellow, and tubular have a brownish tint. Another popular variety is bright eyes. Here the reed flowers are orange-yellow, tubular flowers are dark brown. Flowers of plants varieties Gold Brad yellow. The bushes are quite high 20 cm. This variety is similar to Aztk Gold, but the flowers have a greenish middle. And in the species called a million suns, linguistic flowers of light green or yellowish. In this case, the plant seems to creep on the ground.
The bushes of this plant have a spherical shape. Their height is usually 15-20 cm. The length of the shoots of the sanvilia is about 0.45 meters. They are very branched and creeping. Leaf plates are located opposite, they have a spherical shape. Usually bright green. Inflorescences that look like baskets, 2.5 cm in diameter. These inflorescences are represented by linguistic flowers of yellow or white and tubular flowers of brown or black. This annual plant blooms in the middle of summer, flies in the fall. The fruit of this plant is a seed.
Where to grow
Typically, sanvalia is grown in boxes on the balcony, baskets or rockers. Often the shape of the bushes is changed to ampel and transplant the plant to a rocky site or to places near the terrace, closed empty places in the garden. Sanvitalia is decorated with a flower bed, as well as an alpine slide. Sanvilia often cover the soil to close unwanted areas, because it is rather unpretentious. Sanvitalia is usually combined with Salvia and Iberis.
Sanvitaly is propagated by seeds that almost always move. They are usually collected in the autumn period. Seeds are planted for seedlings at the very beginning of spring. To sow them qualitatively, you need to cover the bottom with drainage, fill the hole with sand with nutrient soil in a proportion of 1 to 3. Seeds should be buried no more than 10mm. They fall asleep them with a thin layer of soil, then the crops are “watered” using a sprayer. The capacity must be covered with glass and put in a ventilated place at a temperature of about +20 ° C. Young sprouts are usually shown after 10 or 12 days. Once a day you need to ventilate these crops and water it once at about 2-3 days.
When the first leaflets appear, they usually dive the plant, moreover, 2 sanvilia is placed in one glass at once. Then, when the plants take root, they need to be tempered for about two weeks and after that you can plant them in open ground.
Seedlings should be planted in the soil in May if there are no frosts at this time. In order for seedlings to take root well, you need to choose a site that is well lit. The soil is no less important: it should be fertile. Before planting, it is necessary to make 10-centimeter holes where seedlings should be planted, I observe a small distance of 20-25 cm between Sanvitalia. On the donny of holes you also need to put expanded clay. Only after that you need to plant a plant and fill it with a layer of soil. After the soil compaction, Sanvitalia will have to be well watered.
Where spring comes early, moreover, the temperature is quite high, you can sow immediately into the ground around May-June. Future sanvilia thin out only when the height of the bushes will be more than 10 cm.
Sanvitaly is undemanding in terms of care, so you need to water it about 1-2 times a week. In raw weather, you can forget about watering and loosening the soil, the plant will have enough precipitation. It is important to remember that stagnation of moisture can cause rotting of the root system, but drought will not cause visible damage to this annual, as well as the lack of top dressing. After all, if the centrality grows in fertile soil or fertilizer was applied at the time of planting, there is no sense in feeding. If the soil is poor, Sanvalia needs to “feed” once every two weeks, moreover, use mineral fertilizers.
In the event that the territory on which the sanitaryowned is growing is constantly under the influence of wind, gardeners recommend using supports. This is necessary in order to maintain the shape of the bushes. And in order to make the bushes more extensive, you need to pinch the ends of the stems before the start of flowering.
The plant refers to the transplant normally, so you can often do this.
Sanvitaly is rarely sick with something and becomes a victim of the pest. Problems may appear if very rarely or, conversely, too often water the plant. If the leaves of perennial are twisted and changed color, it urgently needs to be watered. And in the event that the fungus appears, watering needs to be stopped, the seedlings are ventilated and the watering plan is developed.
This plant after flowering in temperate latitudes dies because it does not withstand minus temperatures. However, you can extend the life of culture. To do this, it should be transplanted into a flowerpot for the whole fall and winter. The temperature in this room should not be lower than +5 ° C.