African savannah is a habitat that is not like any other on earth. Approximately 5 million square miles are rich in biological diversity, which cannot be found anywhere on the planet. The basis of the whole life that has been fit in this area is a wonderful abundance of vegetation.
The region is characterized by hilly spaces, dense thickets of shrubs and lonely trees scattered here and there. These African plants have uniquely adapted to inhospitable conditions, use the exciting imagination of the survival strategy in the arid climate.
Baobab is a deciduous tree with a height of 5 to 20 meters. Baobabs are strangely looking like savannah trees that grow in lowpowered areas of Africa and reach enormous sizes, dating carbon shows that they live up to 3000 years.
It is resistant to heat and drought, dry soil, so the scorching African sun in hot months does not dry this plant. The grass survives without irrigation from 60 to 90 days. In dry weather, the grass is painted brown, but is quickly restored after heavy rain.
High grass grows in thick groups, reaches up to 3 m high. The edges of the leaves are sharp like a razor. In the savannah of Africa growing along the channels of lakes and rivers. Local farmers cut grass for animals, deliver home with huge ligaments on the back or on carts.
The tree reaches a height of 25 m, the circumference of the barrel is more than 5 m. Has a dense evergreen canopy of leaves. Board from black to gray with rough texture. Fresh inner shell of the bark reddish. In the spring, the new leaves are red, especially in young plants.
Prefers a hot and dry climate with a small amount of precipitation, grows on wooded hills and sand dunes. A large straight trunk of 15–20 meters in height is decorated with short and curved branches, a large spreading crown. Dark green leaves about 15 cm in length.
This is a single or multi-barrel tree with a height of 3-10 m with a short, curved barrel and a spreading crown. Long thin branches give the tree a form of willow. Grows in regions with a large amount of precipitation. Smot of cortex of gray, dark gray or brownish-gray color.
Acacia is twisted
It is found on sandy dunes, rocky cliffs, alluvial valleys, avoids seasonally flooded areas. The tree grows in areas with an annual amount of precipitation from 40 mm to 1200 mm with arid seasons of 1-12 months, prefers alkaline land, but colonizes and salted, gypsum soils.
Acacia is sickle
Acacia has up up to 7 cm in length. Some spikes are hollow and are a house for ants. Insects make holes in them. When the wind blows, the tree seems to sings when the air passes through the hollow spikes. Acacia has leaves. The flowers are white. Seed boxes are long, and the seeds are edible.
Outwardly it is a deciduous shrub or medium tree up to 15 m high. The bark is yellowish-brown or purple-black, rough or smooth, deep cracks pass along the trunks of old trees. The crown is slightly rounded or flattened.
Acacia is whitish
The deciduous bean tree looks like acacia, up to 30 m high. Has a deep rod root, up to 40 m. Its branches are carried by paired spikes, cirrus leaves with 6-23 pairs of small oblong leaves. The tree drops the leaves before the humid season, does not take valuable moisture from the soil.
In height, a shrub from 2 m grows to a massive 20 m of wood in favorable conditions. Gray bark or black-brown, deeply furious, young branches reddish-brown. The thorns are developed, almost straight up to 6 cm in length with the bases of white or brown.
Beautiful evergreen single-barreled palm tree grows to 20-30 m. At the top of a direct cylindrical undetected barrel with a diameter of 22-75 cm is a crown of dark green leaves up to 8 meters long and a skirt of dead leaves.
Finnish palm tree is the main wealth of the Jerid region in Southern Tunisia. Dry and hot climate allows the tree to develop, the dates are ripened. “Palma lives in the water, and the head is in the sun,” says the inhabitants of this region. Palma produces up to 100 kg of dates per year.
High multivanity palm grows to a height of 15 m. Stem 15 cm in diameter. This is one of the palm trees with lateral branches. For millennia, in Egypt, the palm tree was a source of food, used to produce drugs and other goods.
The palm tree has a beautiful foliage that loves the sun, to people and animals provides a shadow and shelter, the fruits are edible. Palma grows in coastal wet tropics. Begins life with the barrel firmly attached to the ground, but it fades and is completely replaced by piles from the roots.
Of course, the biggest problem facing any life in the savannah is uneven rain loss. Depending on the region, Savannah receives from 50 to 120 cm of precipitation per year. Although it seems sufficient, it will wait six to eight months. But the rest of the year, the earth dries almost completely.
Worse, in some regions, only 15 cm of rainfall falls, which makes them slightly more hospitable than deserts. There are two rainy seasons in Tanzania with an interval between them for about two months. In the dry season, the conditions become so dry that regular fires are an integral part of life in the savannah.