Sargasso sea clown (lat. Histrio Histrio) is a fish that belongs to the family of clownish and the detachment. In its kind, this species is the only.
This sea clown can be yellow-green or brown, there are usually many spots on the body of fish. The length of the ladder up to 18 cm. There are many outgrowths on the skin of a representative of the clown. The spinal fin has three rays, the thoracic fin can be used to crawl. There are black lines on all fins. This fish can change its color depending on the color of the surrounding algae. The body of the sea clown also helps him to disguise himself: it is short and flattened. Thanks to this, it is difficult to notice the bitter.
Sargasso ladder is small and lives too close to the surface of the water, because both sea birds and large relatives often attack fish. When the enemy approaches, the sargassian ladder jumps sharply and then lands on the accumulation of algae, where it waits. The predator can be in the air for several minutes, so the fish is hidden from the gaze of tuna or barracades.
Where it lives
This fish lives in the water column, when other representatives of the family prefer to live in great depths and never swim. Sargasso sea clown inhabit the Indian and Pacific Ocean. Most of the populations of this fish are in the Sargass Sea. A bit is often met in Hawaii. There were times when sea clowns swim to the shores of Norway. But this is rather an accident, since the sargassian ladder prefers tropical and subtropical seas. The sea clown inhabit Australia and near O. Hokkaido, many fish swim by the Philippines and New Guinea, New Zealand. Fish is found in the Gulf of Menn until the water of Uruguay. Sargassian ladder loves the waters of the Azores, Africa.
Sargass Sea Clown is a Predator and Cannibal. Once in the stomach, individuals found the decayed remains of 16 relatives. The sea clown has been following the prey for a long time, and then with the help of fins that look like wings, carefully makes his way through algae and abruptly attacks. Only a second is spent on taking the victim. When attacking the mouth of the fish is open, therefore it is not difficult to swallow the victim of the same size. Moreover, as a bait for shrimp, the yearold uses outgrowth on the face.
Когда наступает период размножения, эти представители клоуновых плывут к нерестилищам. At this time, the skin of females becomes burgundy. The sea clown is very attentive to the partner, he pursues her and pinchs her. The female does not like such manifestations of sympathy, and she avoids the gentleman. Next, the male pushes the future mother to the surface of the sea, spawning occurs there. The next few days the female mosque caviar, doing this with small intervals. Caviar is collected in a ball or tape, the larvae protects the watery shell.
Then the larvae drift by the sea. A few days later, completely developed individuals hatch from the shells: they have formed fins and even have eyes. But for the first time they cannot hunt and eat everything that is in the yellow bag. The stage of the larva lasts several months, after which completely “matured” sea clowns are looking for a suitable thick of algae, where they will live.