Senegal Lion photo and description of how it looks and where it lives | Report

West African or Senegal Lion (Lat. Panthera Le Senegalensis) is one of the representatives of the genus Panther, a cat family living in West Africa, which is on the verge of disappearance.


Studies have shown that the Senegal Lion and its genetics are significantly different from African lions, and to a greater extent coincide with Asian species: representatives of this subspecies are smaller than their African comrades. The mane of the Senegal Leo is more neat and bright, and the color of the wool on the body is also lighter; Lions living in Penjari Park are generally devoid of hryvnias. The structure of the skull also has the structure of the Senegal Lviv. These animals form more small prides, when comparing them with other African lions.

The life expectancy of the Senegal Leo reaches about 18 years, and in captivity, this subspecies can live up to 30 years.


Senegal lions are large cats with long tails, decorated with a brush, and a short sand shade with wool. The main characterizing sign of the Senegal Leo is a lighter tone of the color of the wool, smaller sizes and not so large prides.

The general population of the Senegal Leo is less than a thousand individuals, including all the countries of the habitat and this is a subspecies of cats, which belongs to almost disappeared.

Lifestyle and behavior

The West African Leo, like all lions, lives in the pride, which is the main structure of these predators. Predators can freely leave Pride and come there, and each of these communities can be from several to forty individuals.

The territory where this subspecies of Lviv lives are able to provide a sufficient variety of mammals, and here in an open area per hundred square about 12 lions may exist. If there is enough food and prey in the area, lions are able to relax almost 20 hours a day. And, of course, they show the greatest activity at the end of the day, when the heat falls, and prefer to hunt at night or in the morning.

Where they live

The habitat of the Senegal Leo is exclusively the territory of West Africa, south of the regions of Sahara, from Senegal (West) to the east of the Central African Republic. This subspecies of Lviv almost disappeared even from West Africa: back in 2004, their population totaled less than a thousand individuals (these are only registered specimens), and about the same number of lions was noted in Central Africa, and in both countries the historical habitat of these animals decreased by Today is 15%. These lions are found even less often in captivity, and not so long ago there were only 13 individuals of this subspecies.

What they eat

The Senegal Lion is a predatory animal, and he prefers to hunt a flock (but sometimes goes on a single hunt). This is such a strong predator that it is able to fill up prey, significantly exceeding it in size. Males rarely participate in hunting, since they are much harder, and it is more difficult for them to disguise them than females; Therefore, it is females that carry out the functions of the miners. And during feeding, the lions really fall a more significant share of prey (the famous lion’s share) due to their aggressive nature. Usually they hunt large zebras, antelopes, wild boars, reptiles and various small animals, including rodents, birds.


Senegal lions, like all cats, are distinguished by pronounced polygamy, and are capable of breeding all year round. Of the five leaks to pregnancy, only one can lead to pregnancy, so the lions are forced to mate several times per hour during the marriage period. The priority for mating has an alpha male, and he can choose any female. Lionians are born in a lioness every few years. Pregnancy time is 3.5 months, and the lioness may have up to six cubs, blind and weak.

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