from 46 to 51 cm at the withers
from 18 to 23 kg
up to 11 years
FCI breed group
Pinschers and Schnauzers, Molossians, Mountain Dogs and Swiss Cattle Dogs
History of the breed
The breed has existed for at least three thousand years. The first sharpei appeared in China, which is confirmed by numerous images on household items, figurines, records. Researchers do not deny the possibility of kinship with mastiffs and chow chows other Chinese breeds.
Sharpei have established themselves as excellent watchmen and hunters, they were kept by representatives of different classes. But in the first half of the twentieth century, with the beginning of the reign of Mao Zedong, these pets were equated with the attributes of a luxurious life and began to be massively destroyed. After the Second World War, things were even worse a few individuals remained alive.
In the early 80s, a photo of “the last sharpei on the planet” appeared in an American newspaper. There were those wishing to revive the breed. They combed the whole of China in search of surviving purebred dogs. A few representatives of the species were not enough, other, similar breeds were also involved. The work of breeders was crowned with success they were able to save unusual dogs from extinction.
Description of sharpei
Shar Pei is a medium-sized dog with a strong build. Height at the withers from 45 to 50 centimeters, weight varies from 17 to 26 kilograms. The head is large, the muzzle is square. Folds are a distinctive feature of the breed, puppies are completely covered with them, with age, the folds are noticeable only on the muzzle, neck and a little on the back. The limbs are even, do not have excess skin. The eyes are close-set under overhanging eyebrows, the color of the nose is black or matching the shade of the coat. Tongue purple to pink with blue spots, but not pure pink. Small ears are set high and always pressed to the head. The tail, widening towards the base, curls towards the back in a ring. The coat is hard, the hairs are straight. Any color is allowed except for white.
Shar-Peis are very loyal dogs. They defend their territory and are very distrustful of strangers. It is also noted that they tend to show aggression towards dogs of other breeds. In general, this is a companion dog, a faithful and devoted friend.
The main difficulty that the owner will face is due to the fact that sharpei are very difficult to train. Owner needs to be patient.
Cute folds are the main problem of sharpei. They prey and give the animal severe discomfort. They should be reviewed daily for skin irritation and treated with baby powder if necessary. Shar Pei’s coat is short and sharp, like needles (hence the name of the breed). Washing should be avoided using dry shampoos. One of the problem areas of Shar Pei is the eyes. They also require special attention and constant care, it is necessary to remove dried discharge from the eyes daily with a damp cotton swab.
Conditions of detention
Sharpei feel great both in a large house and in an apartment. But they are not suitable for life on the street. This dog does not need active walking. Quiet walks will suffice.
Predisposition to disease
These dogs are prone to the following diseases:
Having a predisposition does not mean that the animal will definitely get sick. Any pathology requires attention and competent treatment.