Shikoku: characteristics of the dog breed, photo, character, rules of care and maintenance


  • Country of origin: Japan
  • The size:
  • Growth:
    49-55 cm
  • The weight:
    16-26 kg
  • Age:
    10-12 years old
  • FCI breed group:
    Spitz and breeds of primitive type
  • Brief information

  • Obedient, friendly;
  • Energetic, hardy;
  • Devotees.
  • Origin story

    Shikoku is a truly Japanese breed that appeared in the Middle Ages on the island of the same name. Cynologists are still arguing about the ancestors of this dog. Many are sure that Japanese wild wolves were the ancestors of Shikoku, the other part of the researchers categorically denies this. It is known that these dogs were assistant hunters of the Matagi, who lived mainly in Kochi Prefecture in the western and northern parts of the island. By the way, that is why the second name of this breed is Kochi Inu.

    The economic crisis that began in Japan after World War I brought the breed to the brink of extinction. Not everyone could afford to own an animal. In 1937, Shikoku was recognized as a natural monument of Japan due to Nippo’s efforts to preserve the breed. But at the end of World War II, the Shikoku population had to be revived almost from scratch. In 1982, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognized the breed.

    Today, Shikoku dogs are very rare even in Japan, and it is even more difficult outside the island state. No more than 7 thousand dogs of the Shikoku breed now live in the country, and due to the small number and peculiarities of breeding, no more than 400 puppies are registered per year.

    Description of the breed

    Representatives of this breed have a typical appearance for native Japanese dogs plush hair, a tail with a ring, expressive dark eyes, triangular ears upright and a smile on the muzzle.

    The muzzle itself is slightly elongated, turning into a wide forehead. Nose black. The body is very proportional, with well-developed muscles and strong bones. Sikoku’s coat, one might say, is double: soft, but dense and short undercoat on top is closed with straight, rigid cover hairs.

    The color of Shikoku is usually black, red or sesame.


    These small Japanese dogs have a very enthusiastic and wholesome character. Irresistible energy and playful disposition, together with confident composure, make Shikoku unsurpassed hunters. These dogs are good observers, but they are also curious. It was these qualities that allowed the Japanese to use the breed to bait a large animal for example, wild boars.

    The Shikoku character is very balanced and firm. Loyalty to the owner is one of the fundamental traits of this dog. It may turn out that if an adult dog is left without a master, then he will no longer recognize another. In addition, these pets are very alert and can be excellent watchdogs.

    But Shikoku do not get along with representatives of their own species. This is their innate quality aggressive behavior towards dogs. But any other pets (and even cats) easily become friends of Sikoku.

    The attitude towards people is very even, but the stranger will not be able to immediately win the location of Sikoku. Moreover, if the dog suspects the danger, she will attack without hesitation. Dogs are calm to children, but disrespect for themselves will not be tolerant and can show their teeth even to the baby. Of course, Sikoku is not as independent as Akita Inu, for example, but some independence often leads to the fact that the dog can ignore the teams, especially when it attacked the trail during the hunt.

    Sikoku: Dog breed characteristics, photo, character, care and content rules


    Hard and thick wool Sikoku does not require special care. It is enough to comb out the dog once a week with ridges with different heights and length of the teeth. In general, Sikoku wool is prone to self-cleaning, so it is recommended to bathe a dog no more than once every two to three months. But fast-growing claws should be trimmed as needed, you also need to monitor the hygiene of the ears and teeth.

    Conditions of detention

    These dogs are simply made for life in open-air cages. But even in an apartment, Shikoku behave calmly, although they require very long and vigorous walks. In the absence of intense physical activity, Shikoku begin to feel sad, and from stress they become uncontrollable and restless. Therefore, pets of this breed should be walked at least twice a day, and the walk time should not be less than an hour.

    Shikoku are very few. Even in their homeland, in Japan, these hunters are not easy to meet. Outside the island state, this breed is all the more reluctant to start, since the differences in the mentality of the European and the Japanese do not allow the first to appreciate all the advantages of the breed. True, in Europe there are still Sikoka nurseries, but in Russia no one is engaged in the breeding of this Japanese dog, although several representatives of the breed is. If, nevertheless, you have decided to purchase this particular breed, then the surest way is to contact nurseries in the historical homeland of Shikoku. True, it should be borne in mind that the cost of a puppy will be at least 6 thousand dollars.

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