Short frog (lat. Xenopus) is a kind of amphibian, it belongs to the detachment of the wriggling and the family of the Pipovs. The capture frog is on the verge of disappearance, it is listed in the Red Book MSOP.
Frog’s body length is usually 8-9 cm. The head of the amphibian is small and flattened. Fingers on the hind limbs are long, they are connected by membranes. Only 3 fingers have claws. Due to the fact that the frog spends most of his life in the water, there are a side line on its body.
The color of the spurs frogs can be both green and gray. Some types have brown or white torso with cream interspersed.
The spurs frog prefers invertebrates, it pushes prey in the mouth and swallows without chewing.
These amphibians inhabit Africa, namely the countries that are south of Sahara: Kenya and Congo, Uganda and Cameroon. Frogs are found in lakes and ponds. An ordinary spur frog was brought to Europe and in the United States.
There are about 18 types. The most famous is an ordinary crap frog. View that scientists often use is a smooth frog. It is often made as a pet. Xenopus the inhabitant of South Africa. This species is easy to recognize by olive body and white belly with dark spots.
A frog albino, which scientists brought out, has long attracted the attention of aquarists. This is a rather large amphibian, the length of his body is about 15 cm. The whole body of the frog is pink. This species constantly suffers from obesity, because individuals live much less brothers.
African dwarf frog inhabits Nigeria and Zaire. The body of the amphibian is elongated, but small its length is about 4 cm. This frog has no eyelid and pointed muzzle.
Betger’s clawer-a dark gray frog with a light belly. In captivity feels good and propagates better than in a natural environment. An individual of this species can be recognized by a gray body and almost a white abdomen.
American Pipa is almost the largest amphibian in its detachment. The body of the frog is flattened, its length is 20 cm. Amphibian is covered with a thin skin dotted with wrinkles. The color is usually brown. The frog smells of hydrogen sulfide.
Zherlyanka-a 6-centimeter amphibian with a tuberous brown skin. There are many green spots on the body of the frog. Army Orange abdomen, there are a lot of blue spots on it. The frog has very large eyes with triangular pupils. Due to the unusual structure of the tongue, whose lower part is attached to the oral cavity, the pole can not croak.
Females become sexually mature already at six months old, and males only by 9 months of life. In an adult female, you can notice a “tail”, which is an egg. Females are always larger than males.
Short frog is active at night, at this time of day it hunts. This amphibian is a predator, so its mucus is very dangerous. The dog’s face, for example, who tried to grab the frog, is covered with foam. But owls with herons have a certain immunity to mucus.
Frogs living in the aquarium are very nervous and shy. Often rush through it for no reason.
In captivity, a crap frog lives for about 15 years.0
Content in the aquarium
Containing a sperm frog is best as part of a group. It is important that there are more males than females.
For the maintenance of these amphibians, a long and not very deep aquarium should be selected. After all, these freehaired are constantly crawling along its bottom. They do not need land, because the aquarium is poured with water so that the air gap remains on top every 10 minutes amphibians come up to breathe air. So that you contain 1 frog, you need about 40 liters of water. But for a group of 3 individuals you need only 80 liters.
The aquarium is covered with a lid on top, because these spineless are constantly jumping. If the cover adjacent to the “house” tightly, then holes are made in one wall of the aquarium.
Smooth frogs can adapt to hard water, but die in environments with a high content of ammonia. Therefore, you can not pour water directly from the tap into the aquarium. The water must be well filtered and then let it brew for several days.
The water temperature is important in the same way as stiffness. Water should be measured regularly by the thermometer. Comfortable temperature range from +19 to 21 ° C. But, if the pet is an albino, the water should be 2 degrees warmer.
The substrate is the replacement of the soil. Use fabric or substrate of purple and dark gray color. This is necessary in order to monitor the state of amphibian. You can put pebbles on the substrate, which cannot fit in the mouth of the frog so that it does not swallow the stones. The optimal layer of the substrate is 4 cm.
To cleanse the “home” frog you will need an aquarium filter. Very powerful filters are suitable, they are hinged and canister.
In conditions of captivity, frogs are more picky in food, but do not lose their desire for hunting. Therefore, spurs frogs are fed with worms and fry, shrimp. These amphibians can also be fed by a sublimated mixture. But in no case should they give them goldfish and other aquarium fish.
Young animals are fed once a day, and adults 2 times a week.