Siberian Husky: dog photo and breed characteristics


  • Country of origin: Russia
  • The size:
  • Growth:
    54-60 cm at the withers
  • The weight:
    20–27 kg
  • Age:
    up to 12 years
  • FCI breed group:
    spitz and breeds of primitive type
  • Brief information

  • Very friendly breed;
  • Needs serious physical activity;
  • Has a lively mind and makes decisions independently.
  • History of the breed

    Siberian Huskies (English). Siberian Husky) began to arouse the interest of professional cynologists and breeders only at the beginning of the 20th century. At home in the regions of the Far North of Russia local residents used the ancestors of the husky to move around the tundra, go on remote hunting and to places of deer grazing. At that time, there was no such breed as a husky, and by the thirties of the twentieth century, the breeding of these northern dogs was recognized as unpromising in Soviet Russia, since they were replaced in the Far Eastern regions by technical vehicles.

    Otherwise, the residents of the northern regions of the United States, where gold and fur mining was in full swing, considered it differently. In 1934, the breed was officially recognized there, which received the name “Siberian Husky” in the registry. For the first time, representatives of the Chukchi and Eskimo sled dog breeds appeared in 1908 in Alaska. They later spread to other regions of the Americas.

    The northern husky began to return to the territory of Russia only in the 90s of the twentieth century, having first got here in 1995 from the Czech Republic and Belgium. And by the beginning of the 21st century, the number of purebred individuals reached several hundred.

    Description of the Siberian Husky breed

    The most successful husky standards and breed characteristics are given on the example of British breeding dogs. This variety was not chosen by chance. Since the beginning of the registration and description of the husky breed at the beginning of the 20th century, three of its directions have been deduced:

  • sled dogs also called working dogs. Nowadays, they are used to deliver mail, ride children on attractions and for the entertainment of tourists. These dogs are hardy, have moderation and proportionality of all parts of the body;
  • racing dogs although they are used in teams, like their working relatives, but exclusively for the sporting interests of the owners. There are two subtypes in this category of Haski: dogs for alkaline (sports driving up to 4 individuals in the harness) and dogs for competitions in six and teams with a large number of dogs. In the first version, the exterior of Husky is more high in the withers, the muscles of the legs; 
  • Husky show-cathegoria, or exhibition breed-this type was displayed to participate in entertainment programs and dog exhibitions. Two subgroups have formed here European and American type. American representatives of this breed look larger, with a massive chest; European relatives are more elegant and graceful, signs of the breed are more clearly traced in them.
  • Since there are still differences in three categories of these dogs, British Husky were chosen as a sample of the breed, so it is worth focusing on their description.

    All types and categories of the Siberian Husky are characterized by common features: a slightly shortened muzzle, dense coat and thick undercoat. All dogs are medium in size, with excellent running qualities, well-developed musculature. All types of dogs have a compact build. When looking at a husky from any angle, one immediately notices the ease of gait, the smoothness of lines, the proportional addition of the body, legs and head.

    Features of the proportions of the Husky breed are as follows:

  • the length from the stop to the back of the head is identical to the length from the stop to the nose;
  • length from shoulder joint to ischial tuberosity greater than height from ground to highest point at withers.
  • The skull of a husky is absolutely proportional to the size of the dog’s body. The head of the Husky breed is medium in size, slightly rounded closer to the ears and maximally expanded in the eye area. Gradually, the shape of the head narrows from the eye sockets towards the nose.

    The dimensions of the skull of the Siberian Husky, from the stop to the extreme point of the occipital bone, are the same as the dimensions from the stop to the tip of the nose. Nose shape is round. The structure of the tissues of the nose is elastic. Nostrils well developed, open.

    The eyes of the Siberian Husky are almond-shaped, with a distinct slanting slit, the color varies from brown to blue.

    The ears of the Husky breed are densely set, medium in size and slightly rounded at the ends. Closer to the head, the ears have a wide base. Both ears are close to each other and directed vertically upwards.

    Husky lips have the same pigmentation as on the nose. The structure of the lips is dense and massive, but the lips themselves do not differ in thickness.

    The dentition is strongly developed and has massive, but not long teeth with a characteristic scissor bite.


    In Siberian Huskies of any type working, sporting or show dogs the neck is equally proudly stretched over the body. The shape of the neck is slightly curved. When moving, especially with a load in a harness, the Husky characteristically stretches its neck forward, forming an almost perfectly even straight axis with the entire body.

    In this case, the head also extends forward.


    Since the heart of dogs of Husky is quite large, then it requires more space in the chest. This anatomical feature explains the narrow, but strong and deep chest,.

    The deepest point of the sternum of Husky is immediately behind the elbow joint, on its horizontal axis.

    Other features of the case are:

  • wide location of the ribs;
  • massiveness and strength of rib bones;
  • oblique type blade;
  • The angle of the bevel of the shoulder blade is not more than 45 degrees relative to the axis of the back; 
  • The shoulder joint is slightly beveled relative to the vertical axis;
  • The line of the back, starting from the cereal and ending with the upper point of the withers, is absolutely straight; In appearance, the back of the Husky seems very durable;
  • back size medium length.
  • In width, the back of the purebred Siberian Husky is also mediumsized. The proportional ratio of the length and width of the upper back gives the dog a compact appearance. This makes the exterior appear tightly built and sturdy.

    Closer to the back, in the croup area, a slight bevel is noticeable, which is necessary for the dog to limit the jerking movements with the hind legs.

    Front legs

    Forelimb stance complements the density of the Siberian Husky. Legs are straight and parallel, at a uniform distance from each other.

    If you look at the dog from the front, you can see that the forelimbs are slightly apart. Although the bones of the Siberian Husky are quite massive and strong, they are distinguished by their small mass. The musculature of the forelegs is moderately pronounced.

    Both elbow joints are evenly and tightly pressed against the body of the body. They are located straight, without internal folds and do not turn back either at rest or when moving.

    The characteristic structure of all joints of the forelimb in a husky is well-developed ligaments, cartilage tissues and muscle fibers. In addition to the strength and density corresponding to the Siberian Husky standard, almost all tissues of the front paws are distinguished by elasticity and elasticity.

    The structure of the carpal joint is characterized by particular flexibility.

    A slight slope is noticeable when viewed from the left or right at the pastern of the front paws. The shape of the paws of the forelimbs is the correct oval, without distortion. Pads are dense and thick. On the front paws of a husky, there are usually dewclaws they are necessary for combing. But since they are often injured in working-type dogs, the breed standards allow for their removal.

    The forelegs when running fast are noticeably carried forward, while the distance between the traces of the fore and hind limbs is practically absent. With free, slow running, the gap between them increases.

    The toes of the Siberian Husky with good fur. There is some hair between them and paw pads.

    Hind legs

    Husky’s hind limbs setting the same line as the front paws. They are also parallel and slightly placed from the bottom when evaluated from the front of the case.

    The texture of muscle tissue is strongly expressed on the hind limbs. This is especially noticeable in the area of ​​the knee, hip and hock joints.

    Other signs of the Husky standard in the hind limbs:

  • dense joint of the knee joint, with a small angle;
  • low position of the hock;
  • Massive hip joint, strong and durable.
  • All joints of the hind limbs have excellent angles and small slopes.

    Husky’s hind limbs are straight, with average sizes. They do not turn back when moving. In a state of rest, the fingers of the paws fit tightly to each other. The shape of the hind legs is oval, with severe compactness. The pads are adapted for movement on loose snow and solid crust they are strong, quite elastic and have a thickened sole.

    Due to the anatomical structure and physiology of the hind and forelimbs, the Siberian Husky has an even gait and even running in a characteristic gait style. The dog can also move at a moderate trot. If necessary, the speed develops quickly, while the hind leg moves after the front limb of the same name.

    The hind limbs are pubescent evenly, there is a dense undercoat even between the fingers and paw pads.


    In northern huskies, the tail is located below the horizontal axis of the upper back. It has a fox shape, with a rich woolen cover. In normal condition, the tail is carried slightly raised above the level of the upper back or may be carried down. When active or alert, the tail may be slightly curled to one side or forward, while taking on a crescent shape.


    These cold-resistant dogs are characterized by a thick and dense coat it allows you to maintain a stable body temperature, preventing the animal from freezing at rest or in strong cold winds.

    The length of the coat of the husky is moderate, with a dense and thick undercoat. It, like the wool itself, has a soft supple texture. During molting, there is practically no undercoat on the body. Hair of a straight type, smooth and close to the body.

    The range of coat colors of the northern husky is from completely white to perfectly black. The standards allow the presence of marks in the head area.

    This is usually a mask-shaped color on the muzzle of the animal, opposite to the shade of the main coat color. As a rule, such a mask has light colors.

    The standards and characteristics of dogs of this breed allow several types of coat color:

  • black and white color, with proportionality of colors 50/50. In the lower part of the body with this color, a white tint predominates, on top black. Often white fill starts from the muzzle. This is one of the most common colors with a black nose and eye rims of the same color; 
  • gray-haired husky a common husky color, with a uniform shade and a silvery undercoat. The color of the nose and the outline of the eye sockets are purely black;
  • the silver color of the coat is less common, characterized by the presence of a white or silver undercoat and light gray wool;
  • agouti color is characterized by uneven filling of wool and undercoat. The color range of this color is from black to gray, sometimes with spots of a reddish tint. The muzzle has a dark mask;
  • the wolf color of the husky is notable for its dark black color and red patches in the eyes and behind the ears.
  • Less common colors are pure black and pure white. A little more often at exhibitions you can meet Siberian Huskies of fawn, copper, red color, as well as Isabella and sable.

    In the process of age molting, the color of the husky may change. More often, it only changes the shade, becoming lighter or darker.

    The size

    Breed qualifications correspond to the following husky sizes:

  • male huskies can reach at the highest point of the withers up to 54-60 cm;
  • The height of the bitches of this breed should not exceed 51-56 cm.
  • These dogs are characterized by the proportionality of body weight and their growth. The average weight of males according to the standards installed by dog ​​lines for these dogs is up to 20.5-28 kg. In females, the mass is 15.5 kg 23 kg. The weight of the animals depends on the type of breed working, sports or exhibition. In the latter case, the body weight can be larger. The most slender are sportstype jusks.

    The character of Husky

    Siberian Husky incredibly friendly and hardworking dogs. Previously, they were engaged in the transportation of goods during the day, and at night they warmed their warmth of the hosts. Of course, now there is practically no need for such use of dogs. However, the popularity of the breed does not suffer from this.

    Husky is not prone to manifestation of aggression by nature. Therefore, they are unsuitable for use as security or patrol dogs. All attempts to teach them to show aggression through prolonged training can lead to serious behavioral deviations and uncontrolled aggression on the part of the animal. Even towards strangers, Siberian Huskies tend to be very friendly.

    But this quality makes them ideal dogs for families with children the owner can be sure that the Husky will behave towards the child patiently and will gladly play with him as much as he wants.

    However, in relation to other animals, Siberian Huskies also show exceptional friendliness. Dogs of this breed are designed to work in a team, so they are not characterized by an active struggle for leadership, although this does not mean that the dog is easy to manage.

    Siberian Huskies, for all their plush appearance and friendly attitude towards everyone around, are incredibly stubborn. Moreover, they make decisions on their own, not focusing on the opinion of the owner, but guided solely by their own vision of the situation.

    By the way, these dogs also choose their own owners. They develop warm relations with all family members, but they always single out one person, whom they recognize as the owner. It should also be borne in mind that the nature of the husky does not allow him to obey and do everything that is asked of him, if the owner is not an unquestioning authority for the dog, the leader of the pack.

    With all the calmness of their disposition, huskies are quite active dogs, they love to play and run fast in a race with their relatives. Representatives of this breed are endowed with high intelligence, although this is not very noticeable during training. But they have the ability to make independent decisions in critical situations. Signs of mental development of the Husky are very pronounced in their tendency to escape.

    There are examples from the owners, with information on how in just a few days, and sometimes a few hours, they understand the principle of opening a door, a hook or a latch. When kept in a yard or aviary, attempts to leave the territory for active entertainment outside of it are almost unobstructed for huskies. They easily undermine a hole under a fence or a mesh fence, overcome high fences with incredible agility.

    Another notable property of this breed is a long howl. Huskies tend not to bark, but to howl.

    Recommendations for education and training

    Any dog ​​of this breed loves affection and attention. Therefore, during training, excessive praise should not be allowed. Moreover, manifestations of such attention and delight on the part of strangers should be excluded. Huskies can specifically provoke such behavior by getting underfoot, begging for treats. From the first days, the dog must realize the primacy of his master and the need to obey his commands. Being a herd animal, in which it is customary for the entire pack to obey the leader, the Siberian Husky will easily accept this state of affairs and will unquestioningly follow the wishes of the owner.

    General recommendations for training:

  • during training, you can not lift the animal in your arms;
  • communication with other dogs should be allowed;
  • it is unacceptable to overload with the execution of one command for a long time, it is better to repeat these skills after a while or the next day;
  • justice to the pet is one of the main conditions for successful training. It is necessary to show severity for the sabotage of the commands given and generously reward with treats for the zeal in their execution.
  • Classes should begin with the dog getting used to its own nickname, performing the most primitive commands: “Come to me!”, “Lie!”, “Beside!”, “Walk!”, “Sit!».

    Husky care and maintenance

    Siberian Huskies are very clean dogs. They do not smell, do not suffer from salivation. There are only two points that the owner should pay special attention to.

    The first is hair care. This breed has a thin, thick undercoat that needs to be combed out with a fine-toothed comb. Siberian Huskies shed twice a year, and during these periods they will have to be combed out several times a week.

    The second point is related to the condition of the paw pads and claws. The nails should be trimmed regularly, and the condition of the pads should be carefully monitored, as if cracks or lesions occur, the dog experiences severe pain.

    Dogs of this breed are not afraid of cold weather and can rest right on the snow without any discomfort. But long reclining is a rarity for huskies. They require frequent and active walks, play with other dogs and even people. They show an active interest in toys of various kinds. Huskies vigorously chase the ball, enthusiastically gnaw and pull rubber toys.

    Conditions of detention

    Siberian Huskies look like wolves not only in appearance. Dogs of this breed value freedom of movement very much. They cannot sit on a chain, they value space and the opportunity to run around without a collar.

    In a city apartment, you can keep a husky, but subject to a number of conditions. First, the dog needs daily long walks in the morning and evening. Secondly, the dog should not be left alone for a long time, otherwise he will find something to do, and it is possible that it will have devastating consequences for the interior of the house. Thirdly, Siberian Huskies are powerful dogs, and therefore, during walks, they need to provide the necessary level of physical activity. Otherwise, the dog will just wither and get sick.

    Siberian Husky: dog photo and breed characteristics

    The optimal condition for keeping these freedom-loving dogs is to be in an aviary, which should be spacious and not have gaps at the bottom to prevent unauthorized absence of the pet.

    What to feed huskies

    Siberian Huskies require special attention to the diet during maturation and growth:

  • before they reach 2 months of age, the frequency of feeding should be six times a day;
  • from two to four months, food should be given five times a day;
  • up to four feedings are necessary before the age of six months;
  • until the dog reaches 10 months of age, feeding is carried out three times a day.
  • After ten months and the rest of their lives, it is enough to feed husky dogs twice a day.

    If specialized dry food and canned meat are chosen for the nutrition of young and adult Siberian Huskies, then such products with a quality not lower than premium should be preferred. Cynologists and veterinarians are convinced of this, guided by the fact that such feed contains less starch, which is harmful to the body of these northern dogs.

    Husky predisposition to disease

    Although huskies are distinguished by true Siberian health, they can develop characteristic diseases. Most often they are caused by the activity and energy of the pet. And, accordingly, appear in the limbs. Joints usually affected. The most common hereditary disease is hip dysplasia.

    Other characteristic pathologies are:

  • eye diseases: corneal dystrophy, glaucoma and cataracts;
  • thyroid anomalies;
  • diabetes.
  • Of the traumatic diseases for Siberian Huskies, tendon sprains, bone fractures in the limbs, and other problems of the musculoskeletal system are characteristic. To prevent them, you should organize moderate active loads and make sure that the dog is not overloaded during training.

    Mandatory to maintain health are deworming against helminthic diseases and vaccination against dangerous diseases of viral and bacterial etiology. In the veterinary clinic, you can get vaccinated against plague, viral hepatitis, parvovirus, infectious enteritis, rabies, leptospirosis. For young pets under the age of 1.5-2 years, the use of monovalent biological products for each disease separately is recommended. Individuals older than two years are allowed to use polyvalent vaccines for several diseases at once.

    Tips for Choosing a Husky Puppy

    When choosing, it is advisable to use the competent advice of an experienced dog handler or have your own experience in dog breeding. You should choose an active puppy, with moderate fatness and characteristics characteristic of the breed. It should be borne in mind that as they grow older, the color of the selected four-legged friend may change.

    In order not to buy a mestizo by inattention, you must definitely pay attention to appearance:

  • from an early age, the tail in a calm state should be lowered and not have curls;
  • the husky’s tail is located below the level of the upper line of the back;
  • puppies have strong and densely built bones;
  • ears are dense, close set to each other, erect type;
  • the tips of the ears are slightly pointed, with a wide base near the skull.
  • The character of the husky at an early age does not show aggression or distrust. Dogs of a young age show a keen interest in a stranger who can become their owner, in every possible way demonstrate curiosity and a willingness to enjoy treats.

    When choosing, it is important not to succumb to misconceptions about the size of the dog. There are three varieties of the Husky breed: working, exhibition and sports type, which differ in height at the withers, massiveness of the skeleton and chest, and muscularity of the limbs. Therefore, attention should be paid to young animals, taking into account their further use in competitions or at exhibitions. Working races on dogs are now practiced extremely rarely and only in the conditions of the northern regions, so this criterion is not particularly relevant.

    To avoid buying a mixed breed pet, it is important to familiarize yourself with the documents for the bitch and dog from which the litter was obtained. As such confirmation of the purebred of the breed is the dog’s passport, a document on the pedigree. In addition, both parents must have veterinary passports, which indicate the regularity of basic vaccinations and additional sanitary treatments.

    The selected pet itself must have a metric, which is subsequently exchanged for a husky pedigree in the kennel club.

    It’s better to buy Husky, who has reached the age of 6-8 weeks, no earlier. During this period, the stage of excommunication and dogs from all over the litter has already been translated to independent feeding. This will eliminate the risk of digestive system, intoxication and defecation disorders due to a sharp change in the diet.

    Even before the decision to go for the new Petetz Husky, you should familiarize yourself with the documents of the nursery or breeder, learn from the reviews or their portfolio about the real results of breeding the offspring: are there any participants and winners of exhibitions among pets. It is also advisable to first familiarize yourself with the conditions for keeping the dogs of Husky from the breeder and study the photos of the Siberian Husky bitches and male, from which the offspring is produced.

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