Similarity of mitochondria and chloroplasts and differences general characteristics

In the cells of any living organism, you can meet such organoids as mitochondria and chloroplasts. Being important components of an eukaryotic cell, the data of the organella are related to the promotion of growth and activity, and the cell, and the entire system, and, therefore, are equally necessary.


General characteristics of organelles

Mitochondria, as the most significant organ of the cell, belongs to the main source of cell energy: they generate energy using oxygen and other nutrients, doing this in ATP format, and their shape resembles bacteria, as well as functionality.

And chloroplasts that are available in any green plants and even some algae are well known to scientists as the main place of ensuring the process of photosynthesis. It is a closed membrane, and performs a peculiar function of providing a cell with food, and sometimes even has its own genome.


Community and difference

If we talk about the similarity of characteristics, then mitochondria and chloroplasts are distinguished by very autonomous formations of cells: first of all, it have separate ribosomes, as well as RNA participating in the synthesis of protein. Moreover, they synthesize not only protein, but also energy in the form of molecules (both mitochondria and chloroplasts are able to form energy molecules).

Organelle data are not formed from specific cellular structures, and their formation is provided by division, which, as a rule, is an independent scenario. Although it is not about the complete independence of these formations: they are controlled by the main cellular apparatus.

If we talk about the main difference between these two formations, then it is primarily in their appointment. Mitochondria is responsible for cellular respiration, and chloroplasts for photosynthesis processes. T.e., Mitochondria provides animal cells, and chloroplasts are responsible for plant cells. In mitochondria, ATP is synthesis, and chloroplasts produce chlorophyll.

Moreover, it is chlorophyll that is the only substance binding the Earth and Cosmos thanks to photosynthesis. And this means that mitochondria provides energy with only one organism, and chloroplasts take care of oxygen, without which the existence of life is generally impossible.

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