Spanish mastiff: characteristics of the dog breed, photo, character, rules of care and maintenance


  • Country of origin: Spain
  • The size:
  • Growth:
    72–77 cm
  • The weight:
    from 50 kg
  • Age:
    10–11 years old
  • FCI breed group:
    pinschers and schnauzers, molossians, mountain and swiss cattle dogs
  • Brief information

  • the Spanish mastiff is the largest dog breed;
  • she was bred to guard sheep from wolves;
  • it is believed that the ancestors of this breed lived in Spain three thousand years ago, and references to them were found in ancient manuscripts;
  • despite their intimidating and formidable appearance, these are very kind and loyal dogs that will always protect those who are weaker.
  • Character

    The Spanish mastiffs have a very calm, balanced and even melancholy character, this dog demonstrates superiority over others with all its appearance. She is not familiar with aggression and the habit of attacking for no reason, so the pet deserves full trust. If the mastiff nevertheless gave a voice, it means that something really serious has happened, since restraint is another distinguishing feature of the breed.

    Thanks to a stable psyche, these animals live perfectly in families with children, including small ones, whom they will never offend, they will treat them reverently and attentively, perceiving them as a herd that needs to be protected.

    In order for all positive character traits to be fully manifested, a lot of work needs to be done with the Spanish Mastiff, otherwise an ill-mannered dog can be a threat. Due to their high intelligence, these pets can be trained without problems, during which the owner often needs to be patient and perseverant, since the Spanish mastiffs are wayward and prefer to make decisions on their own. At the same time, rudeness and punishment should be avoided. The main thing is that the pet must feel the authority of the owner and understand who is in charge in the house.

    The development of the Spanish Mastiff takes quite a long time. Both psychologically and physically, this process is completed by the age of three or four, so all this time you need to train and educate him.


    The dog has a very thick coat that protects from both heat and cold. Wool must be combed daily, and then there will be no problems with it.

    You need to walk with your pet as much as possible: each walk should last at least an hour, otherwise the animal will become passive or, conversely, embittered. In addition, the Spanish Mastiff can gain excess weight, which will negatively affect his musculoskeletal system, which is why long walks and physical training are simply necessary for him.

    Conditions of detention

    The Spanish Mastiff loves freedom and large spaces, and living in an apartment for him a pet of impressive size will be a real torture. The ideal option for this breed is a country house with a plot where the dog can walk. Representatives of the breed also feel fine in the aviary, but when building it, again, do not forget about the size of the pet: the dog must have enough space.

    Spanish mastiff: characteristics of the dog breed, photo, character, rules of care and maintenance

    Spanish mastiffs are unpretentious to climatic conditions, however, they do not tolerate heat and severe cold well.

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