Spiders types and names, photos, description | Varieties of spidershaped in the world and Eurasia

The number of known types of spiders in Europe is about 4800. This is a rich detachment, the variety of which exceeds only a detachment of insects.

Description of spiders

Spiders have 8 paws. The body is divided into 2 parts, they are connected by a thin stalk. Most spiders have 8 eyes, some have 6. Several arachnids outside Europe have 4 or 2 eyes. The eyes of spiders have no one location, it depends on the type. Some spiders have the same size of the eye, for others different. Most spiders do not see well. But some species have large front eyes with pretty good eyesight:

The easiest way to determine whether male or female arachnis is to look at the front tentacles. In females they are quite narrow, in spiders the tips of tentacles resemble boxing gloves. Males use them as pipes to secrete sperm when mating.

What spiders are endemic for Eurasia and Europe, the most common species

Harmless species

The hunter is baked

Spiderwrapped and swamps, always lives close to water, a semiwater form has an intriguing hunting technique. He reveals minor vibrations made by insects or other creatures, runs on the surface of the water, grabs prey.

Body length up to 2.2 cm, paws of paw about 7 cm this is the largest spider in Eurasia. Brown arachnide, with a characteristic pale strip running from the head down the sides of a thick cigarshaped body.

Flower spider

He has a short, wide, flat body. The first two pairs of paws are larger than the rear and widely placed so that it is easier to hold the prey. Females in length from 6 to 9 mm, males from 3 to 4 mm. A female light color: back and paws are white or yellow with darker sides and reddish marks on the stomach. The male is darker: a reddish-brown shade with a white spot above the eyes. These colors are variables, and spiders change the color in accordance with the flower on which they live. Both sexes have small poisonous fangs for insect hunting.

Brown spider

The length of the female is from 9 to 10 mm, the male is from 6 to 9 mm. Spiders are quite large and furry, with long paws, the color from pale to dark brown. The abdominal cavity has variable soot marks. Males have a slimmer abdomen than females and paws longer. Males see more often than females, they roam the house in search of a partner. After the spider discovered the spider web of the female, he will remain with her for several weeks, mating repeatedly with her during this time. Then he dies, and the female will eat the body, nutrients are needed for the development of offspring.


Live in the bushes and in the meadows, especially if they are next to the water source. Spiders-ties with long jaws build round nets usually parallel to the ground above ponds or streams. Males and females weave a web, but when males reach puberty, they switch to the web of other spiders, especially females, where they hunt:

  • flies;
  • Muravyov;
  • aphid.
  • Slags-lifers-slender creatures with long paws. They stretch and level the body on floral stems, mask from predators. Their dimensions from half to more than a centimeter depends on the type.

    South Russian tarantula

    Rather large, usually brown spider, but the color changes depending on the environment. He has 8 eyes, two of them are large, the rest of the same size. If the light shines in the eyes, they glow. On the head, a distinct marking in the shape of a violin. The bite is not fatal, but causes an allergic reaction in sensitive people.

    Poisonous spiders


    Black spider shiny body, juvenile and adult males of the species have 13 stains on their backs. Males have a creamy-white spot, in young females red (sometimes yellow or orange) spots. All adult females are black. Caracurts rarely fall into the premises, prefer grassy areas and especially hot dry areas, such as coastal dunes. They build networks close to the ground, in abandoned burrows of rodents and under stones and logs. The male Karakurt stops eating before mating and, therefore, dies of hunger.

    Cross spiders

    There are many types of crosses, they differ:

  • form;
  • size;
  • color.
  • Typically, the view is from 2 to 3 cm (females) and from 1.5 to 2 cm (males). Most species are reddish-brown or gray with a pattern in the form of leaves on thick, triangular abdomen, also have two noticeable humps in front. In spiders-crossbars sometimes there is a white or brown dorsal strip with a white edge.


    The upper part of the abdomen has a dark spear label, which passes through the middle of the abdomen from the point where the chest and abdomen are found to about the middle of the abdominal cavity.

    Color from light beige to yellow, often with a touch of green. The tips of the paws are dark brown.

    These are night hunters who are looking for prey, and not catch on the network. Spiders are in contact with a person if they find themselves between the skin and sheets, clothes or shoes. They also bite if a person provokes during work in the garden or at the habitat.

    Hiracartide bites are painful and poison damages the skin, causes:

  • slowly healing wounds;
  • itching;
  • edema.
  • These bites are not considered dangerous from a medical point of view.

    Black Widow

    This is a brilliant, round black spider with a red mark of sand clock on the abdominal side (stomach). There is also a red or orange spot higher than a filter. This is a typical appearance of the female.

    Males of black widows are much smaller than females, with elongated purple, gray or black bodies, white abdominal stripes and red, yellow or orange spots. Minor females are more round than males, but have a similar coloring and marking.

    Body size size: females from 8 to 13 mm, males from 3 to 6 mm. The paws are proportional to the body.

    Brazilian wandering spider


    Spider Sak (yellow heracantium)

    Spiders of medium poisonousness

    Banana spider

    Giant wood spider



    Spider-Osa (Argiopa Brunnich)

    The females are larger (especially at the end of summer, before laying eggs), the chest is brightly painted with yellow, black and white stripes resembling the. Males are tiny and are not like females. Weave in tall meadows. The network is characteristic, with an obvious zigzag pattern. As a rule, they feed on grasshoppers and other insects entering the network.

    Strange and unusual spiders

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