Spruce redhead photo and description of the mushroom, how to cook, where it grows and how it looks like

Redhaired (Lactarius Deterrimus) The most popular mushroom for mushroom pickers, it is also appreciated as a white mushroom Borovik. Ryzhika refers to the generic and family of raw mushrooms.

Where it grows

It is found in Eurasia: in the Urals, the Far East, Siberia. Mostly growing in the coniferous forest, hiding next to the spruce or near junipers. Loves the neighborhood near coniferous trees, on forest soil. Cannot be growing a house, prefers only natural conditions. Chooses a wellmoistened place covered with moss and coniferous humus.

As a rule, they grow in groups, less often they can be found one by one.

How it looks

Hat of a spruce gingerbread, flatshaped, diameter up to 10 cm. The young mushroom has a several convex hat and a bent tubercle in the center. The spruce redhead has brittle hat, there are no prolapse at the edges.

Mushroom leg small up to 5 cm high. The young mushroom has an integral leg, in the adult leg is hollow and enough brittle. The color of the legs is identical to the color of the hat, but it can green in case of damage.

If the flu is broken, then a bright orange juice appears, which will eventually call. At the bottom of the hat there are thin plates of light orange shade, also green, if you put pressure on them.

Are redheads edible

Spruce redhead is considered an edible mushroom. It is referred to delicious species. With it, a variety of complex and expensive dishes are prepared with it. It is believed that the spruce redhead is much richer to taste than a real redhead, while it takes a minimum time to prepare it.

What mushroom tastes

The mushroom has a pleasant taste resembling fruit. In cooking can be used for frying, cooking, baking, even fresh consumption. However, it is not used for drying.

Benefits and harm

For humans, spruce redheads have not only pleasant taste qualities, and also benefit:

  • Contains a lot of natural protein. Successfully replace meat for vegetarians. Lowcalorie, great for use subject to diet.
  • Contain A, protecting the organs of vision from diseases.
  • Help to fight various inflammations and accelerate the healing of scratches of cuts.
  • Rich in vitamins B and C, which normalize human immunity and metabolic functions.
  • Normalizes digestion, participate in the prevention of colds.
  • In its composition, contains a natural antibiotic that reduces the growth of pathogenic bacteria.
  • Promotes restoration after various infections of the body.
  • Rich in fiber, normalizes the digestive tract.
  • Do not eat a person suffering from a number of diseases such as chronic liver diseases, biliary disease, muscle weakness and atrophy, allergic reaction.

    You should not use a redhaired woman with pregnant women and during breastfeeding. Elderly people should abandon this product, since these mushroom can be too heavy for digestion.

    Doubles

    Real Ryzhik relative of a spruce redhead. Outwardly, they are quite similar, have an identical structure of hats and legs, both in the forest are introduced, and also have the same taste.

    A real redhead

    The spruce redhead has many false doubles: red red, pink wave and so on.

    Red red

    Pink wave

    How to collect

    The peak of the collection of mushroom pickers falls on the period from September to October. Rainy summer contributes to growth, they are collected before the first frosts.

    How to cook

    Must be prepared in various ways, except for drying. If you boil it, it is most often used in salads, various side dishes, sauces. The most common way to cook is pickling, frying and pickling.

    Interesting Facts

  • Traditional medicine uses it in the manufacture of alcohol extracts with antibacterial and fungicidal property. Widely used to treat colds.
  • In the last century, antiTuberculosis agents were considered in folk medicine to treat tuberculosis.
  • When preparing dishes, you do not need to use seasonings and spices due to the concentration of mushroom juice that gives a rich taste and aroma.
  • During the reign of the emperor, they were considered a delicacy and exceeded champagne in price.
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