Striped hyena photo and description, food, reproduction

Striped hyena (lat. HYAEENA HYAEENA) quite large predators living in Africa, Asia. Animals live in families, hunt mainly at night. Belong to the submarine of catshaped, the family of hyena.

A few are known that the “hyena” translated from Greek means “pig”. Outwardly, mammals are similar to a large dog, but distinguishing features are special proportions of the limbs and a kind of body production. You can meet striped hyena in Africa, Asia, on the territory of the former USSR. Animals love to be in ravines, rocky gorges, dry channels, caves and on clay hills.


Striped hyenas are one of the largest representatives of their family. When communicating with other individuals, many sounds are used, however, they do not laugh. The appearance is distinguished by dark, sometimes bright black stripes, large ears.


The average characteristics of striped hyenas:

  • body length 120 cm;
  • height 80 cm (at the withers);
  • tail length 35 cm;
  • mass of males 40 kg;
  • The weight of females 35 kg.
  • There are cases when researchers found predators weighing up to 70 kg.

    The wool of these animals is long, hard, the color is from brown-gray, to straw shades. Contrasting dark stripes pass through the body. The skull is massive, wide. Dark shades prevail on the face. The ears are large, triangular, with pointed tips. The hind legs are shorter than the front.


    Habits, habits, lifestyle largely depend on where predators live. Family pairs of these predators are strong, relationships are maintained throughout life. Different regions are characterized by certain features of social behavior. In Israel, striped hyenas try to stay alone, rarely united in flocks, where males occupy a dominant role. On the territory of the central Kenya, predators are combined into small groups. At the same time, relations are built on a harem of females, which are united by one male. In Central Asia, monogamy is supported among hyenas.

    Tychka in females of striped hyenas occurs up to three times in a year. It takes 3 months to grate puppies. The average number of babies for the genus 3. Extremely rarely 1 or 4. Up to six months old, the female feeds her children. Only females take care of offspring.

    Hyens hunt in late evenings, at night. During the day they hide in the shade, earthen burrows, clefts, gorges. The territory around the place of residence is widened, violently protected from enemies.

    Behavior and diet

    Striped hyenas live in families that consist of a male, females and several grown cubs. Within the group, animals behave friendly and sociable, but they show hostility and aggression to other individuals. As a rule, in one region, two or three hyenas lives. Each group has its own territory, which is divided into certain areas: Nora, the place of the night, the restroom, “refectory”, etc.D.

    Striped hyenas scavengers. They can also eat everyday waste. In the diet of mammals there is a carrion of zebras, gazelle, impaling. They eat bones and complement their diet with fish, insects, fruits, seeds. Striped hyenas also vow rodents, hares, birds and reptiles. An important condition for the full existence of scaders is the presence of water nearby.


    Hyenas can mate all year round. One male can fertilize a large number of females. The pregnancy of a female individual lasts about 90 days, as a result of which 2-4 blind cubs are born. Kids have brown or chocolate wool. They have been with their mother for a long time and study hunting, defense and other skills.

    Natural enemies

    Since striped hyenas are the second largest representatives of their family, they have few enemies in natural nature. At the same time, in the territories of residence, hyenas cannot be called serious opponents to other predators.

    A small number of enemies is determined by some features of the behavior and lifestyle of these animals:

  • Secluded accommodation;
  • Hyens hunt only in late evenings and at night;
  • The movement of these animals is quite confusing, not straightforward;
  • Keep the distance when other large predators are detected.
  • Opponents in the wild lions, leopards, cheetahs.

    However, in general, the main enemy of various types of hyenas is a person. This is due to a poor reputation of these animals, a general erroneous opinion from people.

    Interesting Facts

    There are many interesting facts about striped hyenas, the main of which must be considered in more detail:

  • According to conducted studies, archaeological finds, scientists were able to prove that before the beginning of the last ice age in Europe, hyenas and here and here. After that, their habitat was significantly narrowed. Now they can only be found in Africa, namely the spotlights also in Central Asia.
  • One of the most common myths about these predators is the main part of the diet this is carrion. However, in 80% of cases, hyenas themselves hunt, mining food by this.
  • Conditionally, hyenas can be called cats, as they belong to the subordinate of catshaped.
  • The maximum speed of hyenas is 65 km/h. At the same time, such a pace can support for several hours, due to which in most cases the hunt ends successfully.
  • According to many observations of researchers, hyenas are extremely rarely taken away from other predators. More often they are subjected to this from Lviv.
  • Striped hyenas cannot be called aggressive. They rarely come into a fight the first. There are often situations when predators run away from dogs without defending.
  • The most durable teeth in this variety of the hyena family. Their stomachs can gradually digest even a large number of bones.
  • Female hyenas are much larger and more aggressive than males. However, it is in striped predators that the leader in the pack are males.
  • On very hot days, these animals can be found in shallow water. In water, they are saved from the heat.

    To date, striped hyenas are attributed to that group of animals that are under the risk of disappearance. To protect predators from complete extinction, their population is supported in national parks of Africa, zoos around the world. At the same time, in captivity, with proper nutrition, care, life expectancy of hyenas increases by 2 times.

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