Swedish Lapphund: characteristics of the dog breed, photo, character, rules of care and maintenance

Swedish Lapphund: Dog breed characteristics, photo, nature, rules of care and content


  • Country of origin: Sweden
  • The size:
  • Growth:
    43-48 cm
  • The weight:
    16–18 kg
  • Age:
    11–13 years old
  • FCI breed group:
    Spitz and breeds of primitive type
  • Brief information

  • Smart;
  • funny;
  • Stubborn;
  • Energetic.
  • Origin story

    Lapphund the oldest breed in Scandinavia and one of the oldest in the world experts say so. Lapphund is a direct descendant of the ancient Northern Spitz. Spitz accompanied nomadic tribes, guarding property and livestock; then they were used for hunting, grazing deer, even harnessed to teams. Dogs were appreciated for endurance, unpretentiousness and sonorous barking who scared away predators and helped control herds. Black and black and tan dogs, clearly visible on the ground, were appreciated, two profitable fingers on the hind legs were considered a plus, helping to run around the snow.

    There were two varieties of lapphondes shorthaired and longhaired, which is confirmed by drawings and chronicles. Shorthaired ones appreciated more, considering them faster and longhaired stopped fluffy tails, so that they did not freeze to the back and sides, preventing the animal from running. According to dog handlers, it was dogs with long wool that stood at the origins of the breed. And also, according to the ancient legends of the Sami, Lapphunds intermediaries between people and the other world.

    Swedish Lapphund: Dog breed characteristics, photo, nature, rules of care and content

    Like many other breeds, Lapphunds almost disappeared at the beginning of the last century. The restoration of a unique national breed began in the 30s with the support of the king of the country. In 1944, the breed standard was approved, and it received recognition from the FCI in 1955.


    The Swedish Lapphund is a fine, smaller than average dog with a recognizable Spitz conformation. “Smiling” muzzle, small, erect, triangular ears, rounded tips. Dewclaws are not considered a defect. The tail is set high, in a ringlet, in the long-haired variety it is well pubescent.

    Wool thick, fluffy, with undercoat, wavy or curly, feathering, “pants”, collar. There are Lapphunds with short hair, it is also very thick. Color can be any, but more than 90% of the representatives of the breed are black or black and tan dogs.


    Funny dogs, very athletic, active participants in all kinds of competitions. They will tirelessly cut circles around the territory, bring toys, pull the ropes. Very sociable, get along well with other animals. But we should not forget that this fluffy bun is not a decorative dog: in case of danger, sharp teeth, an instant reaction, and a fearless character will suddenly appear. A pair of such pets is an excellent protection of the owner’s property in a country house. In urban areas, in addition to the need to walk a lot and load the dog with work, barking can be a problem. Lapphunds have been encouraged for many centuries for their sonorous yelping, this is already genetically inherent in the breed. The owners of these Spitz quickly become “linguists” barking can be disturbing, cheerful, joyful, angry, with shades of bewilderment, confusion, discontent it contains all dog emotions and communication with the owner and the outside world.


    Ears, eyes and nails should be treated as needed. Basic hair care. In order for the pet to please the eye with a shiny fluffy fur coat, it is required at least once a week (if necessary and during the molting period more often) to comb out the dirt and dead hairs with a special brush. The procedure is conditionally pleasant, so the animal should be accustomed to it from puppyhood.

    Bathing is not required once again, combing is usually enough. There is a nuance the Lapland Spitz feels great during frosts, but in cold rainy weather it is advisable to wear a raincoat, since a very wet coat will dry for a very long time due to its density.

    Conditions of detention

    Lapphunds are initially strong, healthy dogs. They need both physical and mental stress, so that there is somewhere to apply strength and energy. A dog can live perfectly in a city apartment provided that they walk with him for at least a couple of hours a day, and take him to classes on weekends. These mobile animals are not suitable for people who prefer to relax on the sofa watching TV to all entertainment, as well as for those who are busy at work from morning to night.

    Of course, it is best for Lapland Spitz to live in a country house with a plot. There they will be able to run and frolic from the heart, while do not forget that these dogs are excellent watchmen. Ideal if there are two Spitz or if there is another friendly dog ​​in the family.

    Finding a Swedish Lapphund puppy in Russia is quite difficult. But in the Scandinavian countries there are many nurseries where this breed is bred, and you can write off and buy a baby. The price of a Lapland Spitz will be 400-880 euros.

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