Syrian garlic a photo and a short description, what eats and where it lives

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Syrian garlic (lat. Pelobates Syriacus) is an amphibian, which belongs to the detachment of the forward and the family of garlic. Syrian garlic is listed in the Red Book of Eurasia. The skin of the animal is smooth, it is easy to notice the stains of dirty green color on it. Amphibian belly white or yellowish. The eyes of the garlic are large and golden, vertical pupil. Sexual dimorphism is expressed in size: males grow up to 8 cm, and females up to 6. There are poisonous glands throughout the animal’s body, whose secret resembles the smell of garlic.

Habitat

Syrian garlic prefers semideserts and steppes in the mountains. It can be found on the banks of rivers in Palestine and Syria, Iraq and Iran. The amphibian lives on the territory of the Balkan Peninsula, in Armenia with Georgia. In Eurasia, the amphibian is found in the Caucasus and in Dagestan.

Food

This representative of the forwards hunt only if the air is wet. The animal feeds on mollusks and rainworms, representatives.

Lifestyle

Typically, Syrian garlic is underground, at a depth of 10-15 cm. Amphibian quickly digs “hole” and goes underground. For digging, the garlic has heel tubes on the legs. It is chosen on the surface only for hunting, this happens at night. The amphibian has no permanent shelter, usually buries in the place where the dawn meets. The place of stay can be the hole of any other animal or a place under snags. In the spring, she prefers moist soil, because if the garlic will lose a lot of water, he will certainly die.

The animal winter in the hole, the hibernation ends in midMarch.

Reproduction

The propagation period begins in the spring, and ends in early May. The “merciful” in the fresh pond passes, moreover, the water temperature should be low. Marriage games are held before the event. Females of Syrian garlic are thundering caviar in nondrying ponds. Caviar is a long sausage that wraps the nearest algae.

The development of tadpoles

The larvae of the Syrian garlic begin to develop only 14 days after the birth. At first, almost all the time the tadpoles are motionless, but after they leave their shells, everything changes. The tadpoles are immediately lowered to the very bottom of the reservoir and soon begin to be attached to plants, algae. For the 2nd week, the length of the larvae increases to 13 mm, their mouth begins to open. And on the 50th day the length of the tadpoles exceeds 14 mm, and they swim freely. On the 65th day, the offspring calmly moves the front limbs, and 70 days after the birth, the tail disappears. In general, tadpoles end in about the 80th day to develop. Sometimes they winter. Before this, the length of the eunstake is about 4 centimeters, but after wintering this indicator is reduced to 3 cm. The Syrian garlic is met by a reservoir, underground, and with the advent of spring, Syrian garlic.

Interesting Facts

  1. The Syrian garlic has few enemies, mostly aidlike ones hunt for them.
  2. The incubation of tadpoles occurs somewhere a week after their birth, moreover, the water temperature should not be higher than 17 ° C.
  3. Weighs Syrian garlic 10-20 grams.
  4. Amphibia has no drum membranes and resonators.
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