The taiga is distinguished by its boreal forests, which spread in the trajectory of the northern latitudes, stretching from North America to Eurasia. The taiga itself is considered a rather difficult place for the development of flora and fauna, since it is distinguished by severe climatic conditions, as well as the relief and soil. Almost all taiga soil is quite cold and swampy. However, there are a number of amazing plants on the territory of the taiga that take cold winters and shortterm summer. Boreal forests are famous for the large number of trees of the family of pine.
Siberian spruce is very similar to an ordinary spruce and often forms hybrids with it. However, the difference between them is the length and shape of the needles and cones. Siberian spruce belongs to the family of pine and is characterized by high frost resistance. These trees can reach a height up to 30 meters. The bark becomes dark brown over the years, and the crowns have clearly designed peaks.
Black spruce is an evergreen coniferous plant, which is from North America. They can reach a height of about 30 meters and are characterized by a rather thin needles reaching width up to 0.7 millimeters. Prefers humidity, therefore it often grows in the marshy areas. The bark is reddish-brown and has a scaly surface.
Sizai spruce is also known as Canadian spruce. She belongs to the family pine. Prefers to grow in forest zones, on the banks of water bodies and rivers. Found in the mountains up to 1,500 meters above sea level. It is considered a mediumsized tree and can reach a height of up to 20 meters. The crown is dense and has a cone shape. Kids in the shape of a ball up to 5 millimeters long.
This tree can reach a height of about 25 meters. Needles have a curved shape. Bumps in the form of seeds and ways not to open for many years. Crohn’s eggshaped and loose. The kidneys have a whitish color and are covered with resin. Dark bark with thick plates. Differs in great endurance, so it can tolerate strong heat and cold.
The pine is ordinary
Ordinary pine is one of the most valuable conifers. This tree can reach a height of 40 meters. The diameter of the barrel reaches 1 meter. The barrel itself is red-brown with characteristic grooves. Crohn with age acquires an umbrella or flat shape. Part of the needles falls in the autumn period.
The fir is white
White fir is also known as comb and European. It reaches a height of about 2 meters. Young trees are distinguished by a crown in the form of a pyramid. With age, she acquires an oval-stained look. The bark has a smooth surface and is painted silver-gray. White fir is often used as a decorative plant.
This is an evergreen tree that can reach a height of 17 meters. However, there are balsamic firs with a height of 27 meters. Needles are distinguished by dark green color and pleasant aroma. The barrel is covered with a gray bark with characteristic accumulations of resin. The crown of this tree is thick in the form of a cone with a sharp top.
Pseudotsug Menzis is a coniferous tree that can reach 75 meters in height. The crown is located symmetrically and has a broadcolumn shape. The bark is distinguished by a tuberous surface. Branches become horizontal with age. Young shoots are painted in orange-yellow color, and with age they begin to darken.
The Siberian cedar is a large and noble tree that has a powerful evergreen crown. It tolerates the darkness perfectly, so it is a shadetolerant tree. The diameter of the barrel can reach 2 meters. It is covered with a gray-brown bark on which thick knots are located. The needles are soft and dark green.
The rest of the taiga plants
Olha is green
The poplar is white
Calmia is narrowfaced
Ivan tea is narrow-faced
The wax is ordinary
Few plants were able to adapt to an unusual taiga climate. However, not only the climate affects the state of the fauna of the taiga. The following factors have a negative effect on it: widespread forest breeding, frequent fires, the use of pesticides and insects. Siberian forests are the most gloomy all over the globe. Croons of trees practically do not miss sunlight. Such deciduous trees as aspen, birch and mountain ash spread along the banks of lakes and streams. This territory is an amazing environmental phenomenon.