Taimen photo and description, where it lives and how it looks, the genus and types of taimen

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Ordinary timer (lat. Hucho Taimen) a large fish belonging to the family of Taimen is considered the largest representative of the salmon family in size. Endowed with the second name: Siberian time.

Appearance

It has an oblong body that does not particularly differ in structure from other predators. A silver scales are located all over the body. There are small dark spots on the head, and there are many dark dots on the sides, which can be round or x-shaped. The head has a slightly flattened shape on both sides, so the Siberian timer is a little similar to a pike. The teeth bend inside, very sharp, grow in several rows throughout the jaw, sometimes they can almost completely come into contact with the language.

Front fins located on the chest and back, tail and rear fin are usually orange or red. Youngers often have light stripes across the body. The color of the fish depends on the place where it lives, but there are several areas where the color always remains unchanged: light gray or even white belly, as well as characteristic spots on the back and sides.

The weight of an ordinary taimen to 6-7 years of life reaches two or three kilograms, and the length of the body varies from 60-65 to 75 centimeters. Upon achieving “adulthood” and with a period of growing up, the size of the fish increases, becoming amazing. Quite often, fishermen catch 60 kilogram individuals, which in their size reach two meters.

Lifestyle

The Siberian Tiemen is a fish that really does not like to migrate, trying to always stay in one reservoir. Typically, the place of residence is lakes and fast rivers, for example, the Lena River, which is located in Yakutia. It is there that they very often catch giant individuals, which even an adult man can not always hold with two hands. The timena differs from other species in that it always lives near the shore, in deep pits that water washed out.

In the afternoon, the predator tries to relax, and the area of ​​the rest is the area under the shadow of trees leaning above the water. At night, when a rapid current begins and the sandbank comes, the fish floats to hunt. During the sunrise, Tymen hunts small fish, splashing on small waves. Wintering passes without any problems, because this species has welldeveloped gills, thanks to which they can only occasionally emerge up for oxygen fence. They are mainly on deep water under the ice.

When the spawning ends, which usually happens in the summer, the activity of taimen reaches its peak, after which it declines. This is facilitated by the heat that fish does not like. The water heats up, as a result of which a painful change of teeth begins in predators. With the advent of autumn, activity increases again and the “autumn zor” begins, which continues until the appearance of ice.

During puberty, which mainly lasts about five years, the Siberian taimas cease to be a territorial look and begin to go astray into small herds, separating from large individuals. At the end of this period, they again recall their territoriality and begin to occupy personal areas in which they often spend the rest of their lives.

Life expectancy

Scientists believe that ordinary timing in life expectancy surpasses all representatives of the family, and under good circumstances lives up to its halfcentury anniversary. The oldest individual was caught in the Yenisei River, its age was estimated at 55-56 years.

Basically, in the wild, the age of this predator is about twentyfive years.

Habitat

As the name implies, the Siberian timer can be found in any river of Siberia. Also, he can live in the rivers of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk, in the northern tributar of the Amur, near Ussuri. Another favorite habitat can be called several lakes: Taurus, Zaysan and the deepest lake of the world Baikal.

Once upon a time, the Ural basin and tributaries of the Volga were inhabited. On the western side, the habitat can reach Vyatka, Kama and Pechora, in the latter, by the way, at the present time does not live, but sometimes the fish can be found in its tributaries.

Reproduction

During spawning, the tiece rises with the flow, after which he tries to find small, but rapid tributaries in which it is safer to hide caviar. Often the reproduction passes in pairs, but in rare cases you can notice several males.

The female begins to dig a nest, the diameter of which varies from three to ten meters in the ground. She begins to make caviar there when she sees the approach of the male. After the swimmer, the male begins the process of fertilization.

Spawning of the Siberian Taymen, like many other representatives of the salmon family, lasts about two weeks. Pisces try to protect their offspring from the attack of other predators or their counterparts, who will decide to enjoy other people’s children. Caviar in a taimen of rather large sizes, often reaches a centimeter in diameter.

Young animals, who has just hatched, tries to stay near the spawning ground until he reaches his puberty. In addition, the end of the puberty in this type is determined more than the weight of the individual, and not its age.

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