Takla-Makan desert-where is located, map, animals and plants, photos

On the Tarim’s hollow between the mountains of Tien Shan and Kunlun, one of the largest and most dangerous deserts of the world-the Takla-Makan desert spread its sands. According to one version of Takla-Makan, translated from an ancient language means “Death Desert”.


The Takla-Makan desert can be called a classic desert, since the climate in it is one of the harsh on the planet. And also in the desert there are unsteady sands, real paradise oases and confusing mirages. In the spring-summer period, the thermometer column is at the mark of forty degrees above zero. The sand in the daytime is hot up to one hundred degrees Celsius, which is comparable to the boiling point of water. The temperature of the autumn-winter period drops to minus twenty degrees of frost.

Since precipitation in the “death deserts” falls only about 50 mm, here is not rare sandy, but especially dust storms.


As expected, in the harsh conditions of the desert very poor vegetation. The main representatives of the flora in Takla-Makan-camel spine.

Camelthorn plant

From the trees in this desert you can meet Tamarisk and Saxaul and the poplar completely uncharacteristic for this area.



Basically, the flora is located along the river channels. However, in the eastern region of the desert there is an oasis of monfan, where grapes and melons grow.


Despite the harsh climate of the fauna in the Takla-Makan desert, there are about 200 species. One of the frequently encountered species is a wild camel.


No less popular inhabitants of the deserta certainlyeyed carcass, a hedgehogeared.

Longeared carcass

Hedgehog is eared

Of the representatives of birds in the desert, you can find a whitetailed desert soyk, burgundy starlings, as well as a whiteheaded hawk.

In river valleys you can find antelopes and wild boars. In the rivers themselves there are fish, for example, a floor, Akbalyk and Osman.

Where is the Takla-Makan desert located

Sands of the Chinese desert Takla-Makan spread out on 337 thousand square kilometers. On the map, this desert resembles an elongated melon and is located in the heart. In the north, the sands reach the mountains of the Tien Shan, and to the south to reach for the Kun-lun mountains. In the east in the area of ​​Lake Lobnor, the Takla-Makan desert joins the Gobi desert. The desert stretches to the west until Kargalyk County (Kashgar District).

Sandy dunes of Takla-Makan stretch from east to west by 1.5 thousand kilometers, and from north to south of about six hundred and fifty kilometers.

Takla-Makan on the map


The relief of the Takla-Makan desert is quite monotonous. On the edges of the desert are salt marshes and low local sand embankments. Moving deep into the deserts, you can find sandy dunes, rising by about 1 kilometer, and sand ridges with a height of nine hundred meters.

In ancient times, it was precisely this desert that part of the Great Silk Road passed. In the area of ​​Sinajian in the unsteady sands, more than a dozen caravans disappeared.

Most of the sands in the Takla-Makan desert have a golden color, but there are bright red sands.

The desert is not uncommon, which without much difficulty tolerates huge sand masses to green oases, destroying them irrevocably.

Interesting Facts

  • In 2008, the sandy desert of Takla-Makan became a snowy desert, due to the strongest eleven day snowfall in China.
  • In Takla-Makan at a relatively small depth (from three to five meters) there are huge reserves of fresh water.
  • All stories and legends associated with this desert are shrouded in horror and fear. So, for example, one of the legends told by the monk Xuan Jiang says that once in the very center of the desert there were robbers who robbed travelers. But once the gods were angry and decided to punish the robbers. A huge black whirlwind raged seven days and seven nights, which this city and its inhabitants erased from the face of the earth. But the whirlwind did not touch gold and wealth, and they were buried in golden sands. Everyone who tried to find these treasures became victims of a black whirlwind. Someone lost equipment and remained to live, and someone was lost and died from the exhausting heat and hunger.
  • There are many attractions on the territory of Takla-Makan. One of the most famous g. Urumchi. The Museum of the Xinjiang-Uygursky AR represent the so-called “Tarim mummies” (living here in the eighteenth century D.n.e.), among which the most famous is the beauty of Loulan about 3.8 thousand years.
  • Another of the famous cities p. Takla-Makan-Kashgar. He is famous for the largest mosque in Ida Kach. Here is the tomb of the ruler of Kashgar Abaha Khoja and his granddaughters.
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