The Urals is the geographical region of Eurasia, the basis of which are the Ural Mountains, and in the south there is a river basin r. Ural. This geographical area is the natural border of Asia and Europe, East and West. The Urals are approximately divided into the following parts:
Climate features in the Urals
Climate features in the Urals depend on its geographical position. This area is removed from the oceans, and is in the depths of the Continent of Eurasia. In the north, the Ural borders on the polar seas, and in the south with Kazakh steppes. Scientists characterize the climate of the Urals as a typical mountain, but on the plains there is a continental climate. The subarctic and moderate climatic zones have a certain influence on this area. In general, the conditions here are very harsh, and mountains play a significant role, acting as a climatic barrier.
There is more precipitation in the west of the Urals, so there is moderate humidity here. The annual norm is approximately 700 millimeters. In the eastern part of precipitation is relatively less, and there is a dry continental climate. About 400 millimeters falls over a year of precipitation. Atlantic air masses that carry humidity have strong influence on the local climate. The arctic masses of air still affecting the temperature and dryness also affect. In addition, the weather can change significantly the continental Central Asian air circulations.
Solar radiation is unevenly throughout the region: the southern part of the Urals receives it most, and closer to the north less and less. Speaking of temperature regime, then in the north the average winter temperature is22 degrees Celsius, and in the south –16. In the summer in the Northern Urals there is only +8, at a time when in the southern +20 or more degrees. The polar part of this geographical area is characterized by a long and cold winter, which lasts about eight months. Summer here is very short, and lasts no more than a month and a half. In the south, the opposite is the contrary: a short winter and a long summer that takes four to five months. The season of autumn and spring in different parts of the Urals differs in duration. Closer to the south autumn is shorter, spring is longer, and in the north everything is on the contrary.
Thus, the climate of the Urals is very diverse. Temperature, humidity and solar radiation are distributed unevenly here. Such climatic conditions influenced the species diversity of flora and fauna, characteristic of the Urals.