Atlantic and Pacific, Indian and North Arctic Oceans, as well as continental reservoirs make up the oceans. The hydrosphere plays a crucial role in the formation of the climate of the planet. Under the influence of solar energy, part of the water of the oceans evaporates and falls in the form of precipitation in the territory of continents. Circulation of surface water moisturizes the continental climate, brings heat or cold to the mainland. The water of the oceans changes its temperature slower, so it differs from the temperature regime of the Earth. It should be noted that the climatic zones of the oceans are the same as on land.
Climatic belts of the Atlantic Ocean
The Atlantic Ocean has a large length and four atmospheric centers with various air masses are formed in it warm and cold. The temperature regime of water is affected by water exchange with the Mediterranean Sea, the Antarctic Seas and with the Arctic Ocean. All climatic zones of the planet are held in the Atlantic Ocean, therefore, in different parts of the ocean, completely different weather conditions.
Climatic belts of the Indian Ocean
The Indian Ocean is in four climatic zones. In the northern part of the ocean, a monsoon climate, which was formed under the influence of continental. The warm tropical zone has a high temperature of air masses. Sometimes there are storms with strong winds, and even tropical hurricanes occur. The largest amount of precipitation falls in the equatorial zone. It is cloudy here, especially in the area close to Antarctic waters. Clear and favorable weather happens in the field of the Arabian Sea.
Pacific climate belts
The climate of the Pacific Ocean is influenced by the weather of the Asian continent. Solar energy is distributed zonally. The ocean is located in almost all climatic zones, except for the Arctic. Depending on the belt, in different areas there is a difference in atmospheric pressure, and various air flows circulate. Strong winds prevail in winter, and in the summer southern and weak. Stretch weather is almost always dominated by the equatorial zone. A warmer temperature in the western part of the Pacific, in the east cooler.
Climatic belts of the North Arctic Ocean
The climate of this ocean was influenced by its polar location on the planet. Constant ice masses make weather conditions harsh. In winter, solar energy does not come and the water does not heat up. In the summer there is a long polar day and a sufficient amount of solar radiation is received. A different amount of precipitation falls in different parts of the ocean. The climate is affected by water exchange with neighboring water area, Atlantic and Pacific Air Streams.