The consequences of forest and peat fires in brief types and prevention

Since ancient times, fire has brought many benefits to people: warmth, light and protection, helped in cooking and in melting metals. However, when used excessively and improperly, fire brings misfortune, destruction, and death. Forest fires happen for several reasons. It can be either a natural disaster (lightning, spontaneous combustion of peat bogs), or an anthropogenic one (careless handling of fire in the forest, burning grass and leaves). These causes become factors affecting the rapid spread of fire and the formation of forest fires. As a result, square kilometers of timber are destroyed, animals and birds die.

The degree of fire spread is determined by the type of climate. In cold and humid conditions, forest fires practically do not occur, but in arid areas where there are high air temperatures, fires are not uncommon. In the warm season in a hot climate, fire occurs quite often, the element spreads very quickly and covers large areas.

Major damage during the fire

First of all, the fire changes the forest ecosystem: trees and bushes die, animals and birds die. All this leads to terrible destruction. I can destroy rare species of flora. After that, the species variety of plant and animal world is radically changed. In addition, the quality and composition of the soil changes, which can lead to soil erosion and deserting of the land. If there are reservoirs, their regime may also change.

During a fire, smoky masses, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide are released into the atmosphere, and this leads to diseases of the cardiovascular system in people. The state of health of people with chronic diseases of the respiratory organs is especially deteriorating. Toxic substances enter the body, cause irritation and inflammation of the mucous membranes.
In addition, huge financial costs are required to extinguish the fire, and the destruction of valuable wood leads to significant economic losses. If there are buildings in the area where the fire occurred, they may be destroyed, and the people who are in them may be in mortal danger. This will violate the activities of people:

  • It is impossible to live in residential buildings;
  • In farm buildings, it is impossible to store tools and any objects;
  • In industrial buildings, activities are violated.
  • Accounting for the consequences of forest fires

    Since forest fires are a terrible natural disaster, they are recorded according to the following parameters: the number of fires for a certain time, the size of the scorched territory, the number of injured and dead people, material losses. Funds from the state or local budget are usually allocated to eliminate the consequences of fires.
    The calculation of human victims occurs according to two statistics:

  • injuries, injuries and burns from fire, high temperatures;
  • wounds from related factors toxins poisoning, falling from heights, shock, panic, stress.
  • Salvation of people and extinguishing a fire, as a rule, occurs at the same time. Injured people need to be given first aid, wait for the arrival of the ambulance doctors and send them to a medical facility. If you provide first aid in time, you can not only improve a person’s health, but also save his life, so training sessions in the course of survival and medical care should not be neglected. One day this knowledge will be useful to many people in trouble.
    Thus, the consequences of forest fires are catastrophic. The fire destroys literally everything in its path, and it is extremely difficult to stop it. In this case, you need to call firefighters and rescuers, but if possible, you need to take measures to put it out, save people and animals.

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