Asia is the largest and most populated continent of the Earth. It is located in the northern and eastern hemispheres. Europe and Asia form the continent of Eurasia. From North America is separated by the Bering Strait, and from Africa by the Red Sea and the Suez Canal. Almost 30 percent of the total area of land belongs to Asia. 60 percent of the entire population of our planet lives on its territory.
Number and density, place in the population
There are 55 different states in Asia, in which a thousand different peoples live. The population is represented by three main races: Mongoloids, Negroids and Coincoons.
To date, 4 billion people live in Asia. This figure is growing every day. The population of foreign Asia is ahead of other countries in number. So, the top ten largest countries of the world includes six Asian countries: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Japan and Bangladesh.
Population density is distinguished by its unevenness. There are a number of states in which only a couple of people account for a square kilometer, while in other countries their number can reach 500.
Historically, the most densely populated Asian powers are those that were founded in the valleys of large rivers. These include Hindustan, Japan and Korea. 75 percent of the total population of Asia lives in them.
Asian population density map
The indigenous population
Consider the indigenous population with the division of territorial location.
Scythians are the first to think about creating a state of nomads. They were an ancient Iranianspeaking people who had no writing. Their language was unknown and, according to some reports, was transformed into modern Ossetian. Due to great fragmentation, the Scythians could not create a large and unified empire. The first state for nomadic peoples was created by the Huns who lived in China.
Such peoples as the Mongols, Uyghurs, Basmals and Karluki also spread on the territory of Central Asia.
Sumerians created the first state in Western Asia. They represent the ancient population of southern Mesopotamia. They had their own language and stood at the origins of the formation of the civilization of the tiger and the Euphrates. Together with him, the Semitic peoples lived on the territory of front Asia, who were the ancestors of the Arabs, Maltese and Jews. A great influence on the formation of modern peoples had the relocation of Turkic representatives from Central Asia. As a result of such relocation, Turks and Azerbaijanis appeared.
The ancient population of South Asia includes the Veddds, the indigenous residents of Sri Lanka, and the Andamans, the indigenous residents of the islands of the same name. The first civilization was created by the Dravids who inhabited Southern India. They were divided into northern, central and southern. Each classification branch was divided into several peoples.
Initially, Bataki, NIASSI and Mentateians lived in the territory of Southeast Asia. However, immigrants mixed with the ancient population and brought new nations. The second wave of settlers was formed later, as a result of which the list of ethnic groups was replenished with Malays and Javans. Siamese and Lao moved to Thailand. Vietnam lived in Vieta and Tyami.
The largest people of East Asia are the people of Han, as well as Koreans, Tibetans, Thai peoples and Japanese peoples. Chinese, Japanese and Koreans are the most numerous peoples.
The composition of the population of Asia
Representatives of the three main races of humanity live in Asia-Caucasians (residents of West Asia), Mongoloids (Chinese, Japanese and Koreans), Negroids (representatives of South and Southeast Asia). The ethnic composition is extremely diverse.
Also in Asia many ancient civilizations arose-Chinese, Indian, Tibeto-Mongol, Central Asian, Babylonian, etc. Favorable areas of South and Southeast Asia for agriculture gave rise to many modern nations.
Languages of the population of Asia
In Asia, more than 2000 languages speak more than 2000. The most common and often used language is Chinese. This is due to the fact that China is the most densely populated state. In addition, there are many local dialects in Chinese. For example, the Mandarin dialect has become the most common dialect of the world and is considered the official language of China.
After the Chinese language there is Hindi. It belongs to the IndoEuropean group of languages, and more than 500 million inhabitants of Asia talk on it. He is official in India and is often used in the UAE and Mauritius. Hindi takes 4th place in popularity.
The language of URDU is widely used in Pakistan.
About 300 million inhabitants of the Asian region speaks Russian. He is official in countries such as Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Features of the population
Culture, religion, traditions of Asian peoples are very different. Muslims prevail in Western and Central Asia. Many residents of India profess Hinduism, and the population of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Mongolia and Vietnam are Buddhists.
In China, where power belongs to communist parties, atheism is common. In East Asian countries, various religious directions often occur.
Asia has a very high population growth. Over the past 100 years, the number of people has increased four times. In connection with the wealth of Asia, the number of environmental and biological resources, population growth will continue further.
Presumably, the population of Asia will continue to grow for some time. As a result, the load on the continent will increase much. According to preliminary estimates, population growth will continue in all countries of Asia, with the exception of Japan and Kazakhstan, until 2050. During this time, some countries will double the population.