Europe is considered one of the smallest land continents. About 40 thousand years ago, modern people replaced Neanderthals from this continent and formed civilization. Europe is washed by the North Arctic Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. From different sides it is washed by the Mediterranean, Black and Caspian Sea. The eastern border runs along the Ural mountains. The Continent of Europe includes various islands, peninsulas and archipelagoes. Europe is an integral part of the Eurasia Peninsula.
For 2019, the population of Europe is 694,500,000 people.
- Number and density, place in the population
- Population of the countries of European countries
- Map of the population of Europe
- The indigenous population
- The composition of the population of Europe
- Languages of the population of Europe
- Features of the population of Europe
- Religious map of Europe
- Population migration and population growth
- The population of Europe is a video (grade 10)
Number and density, place in the population
Europe is the second smallest continent, after Australia. In terms of population, it takes third place, after Asia and Africa. The density is 73 people per square kilometer. For this reason, Europe took second place in the world in density.
The population of Europe from 1950 to 2100 (hypothesis based on the current mortality and birth rate)
Population of the countries of European countries
|Austria||8 923 507|
|Albania||2 876 591|
|Belarus||9 475 174|
|Belgium||11 480 534|
|Bulgaria||7 000 039|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||3 507 017|
|Great Britain||67 545 757|
|Hungary||9 772 756|
|Germany||83 019 200|
|Greece||10 741 165|
|Denmark||5 811 413|
|Ireland||4 850 855|
|Spain||46 714 997|
|Italy||60 588 366|
|Cyprus||1 058 300|
|Latvia||1 929 900|
|Lithuania||2 790 472|
|Macedonia||2 075 301|
|Moldova||2 681 735|
|Netherlands||17 333 790|
|Norway||5 328 212|
|Poland||38 313 035|
|Portugal||10 600 000|
|Russia||146 781 095|
|Romania||19 401 658|
|San Marino||33 344|
|Serbia||6 963 764|
|Slovakia||5 455 030|
|Slovenia||2 066 880|
|Ukraine||42 568 433|
|Finland||5 521 158|
|France||65 060 692|
|Croatia||4 076 246|
|Czech||10 649 800|
|Switzerland||8 558 758|
|Sweden||10 238 627|
|Estonia||1 324 820|
Map of the population of Europe
The indigenous population
The indigenous peoples of Europe are in the focus of European ethnology and anthropology. Recognized indigenous population in Europe in accordance with the UN, mainly they are confined to the north and the Far East. Noticeable minorities of the indigenous population in Europe include:
Many nonEuropean ethnic groups and nationalities have immigrated to Europe for centuries. Some arrived several centuries ago, while others emigrated in the 20th century, often from the former colonies of English, Dutch, French, Portuguese and Spanish empires.
The composition of the population of Europe
It is quite difficult to determine the exact number of ethnic groups living on the continent. According to a number of research, in Europe there are 33 people who, within their state, are an ethnic majority. About 54 peoples belongs to ethnic minorities. Their number reaches 105 million people. The basis of Europe consists of 8 large peoples, which, together, make up 500 million inhabitants: Russians, Germans, French, Italians, Spaniards, British, Ukrainians and Poles.
If we consider ethnic groups larger, then almost the entire population of Europe belongs to IndoEuropeans. Many of them form the Slavic peoples who have settled Eastern and Southern Europe. About 190 million people who live in the western part of Europe belong to Romanesky. Also, this group includes Moldavians and Romanians. The third large group is formed by Germanic peoples. Their number is 180 million people. This group also includes Germans, Austrians and residents of the British Islands.
Separately, it is worth highlighting three rather large groups living in Europe:
- Turks: Turks, Tatars, Gagauzes. Their number is 30 million people.
- Finno-Ugra: Hungarians, Finns, Estonians. Their number reaches 22 million people.
- North Caucasians: Lezgins, Ingush and Chechens. They reach about 8 million people.
In the total amount, they amount to 60 million people of the population of Europe.
Languages of the population of Europe
The language situation in Europe has some special differences. Many peoples adopt other languages. For example, in Ireland, the majority of the population speak English, although the Irish people inhabit this country, not the British. The most common language is Russian. He has state status in Eurasia and Belarus. Widely used in Ukraine and the Baltic states.
The second place is German. It is used in Germany, Austria and some areas of Switzerland and Belgium. 80 million Europeans who live in Belgium, Switzerland and France speaks in French.
English in Europe takes only 4th place. It is used by 70 million carriers. Also on the continent there are many peoples talking in Italian and Spanish.
Features of the population of Europe
Almost the entire continent is dominated by various forms of Christianity. In the east and southern Europe, they profess Orthodoxy. This is due to the influence of Byzantium. The main Orthodox countries are Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Romania, Greece, Macedonia and Bulgaria. A high percentage of Orthodox is observed in the Baltic states, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Muslims make up the majority exclusively in Albania. There is about 63 percent of the total population there this denomination.
The population of Europe grew at a very low pace due to high child mortality, low level of life expectancy, frequent wars and a low level of medicine. Today, medicine in Europe is at a high level, and the birth rate is below the level of natural reproduction.
Another feature that distinguishes Europe from other regions is a high percentage of urban population. Belgium is a leader in the level of urbanization. About 98 percent of all residents are concentrated in cities. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, this indicator reaches 40 percent.
Religious map of Europe
Population migration and population growth
Western Europe has a fairly high standard of living. For this reason, a large number of working people seeks to get into Europe. Quite often migrants are residents of Africa and Asia. Due to the fact that a large part of the territories of these continents was part of European colonial empires, their population is familiar with English, French and other languages. This significantly increases migration flows. For example, residents of Algeria, Africa and Madagascar often move to France. In England, a rather large percentage of Indians.
It is also notable that there is a large percentage of migration within the European continent. Residents of Eastern Europe quite often migrate to Western Europe due to a high level of salaries. Most often, the population leaves the Baltic states, Moldova, Bulgaria, Ukraine and Romania. The largest percentage of migrants falls on the UK, Germany, Belgium and Switzerland.
The population growth in Europe is relatively slow, and the average age is high in relation to other continents of the world.