North America consists of 23 countries, of which 16 belongs to Latin America, and 7 Central America. In addition to independent states, there are independent regions on the territory of North America, which are known as modern colonies of Europe and both America. North America itself is a unique mainland in which various ethnic groups, cultures, natural conditions and a number of other factors are combined.
Number and density, place in the population
By the population, North America is in fourth place after Eurasia, Africa and European. More than 565 million people live on the mainland. The population density is 22 residents per 1 square kilometer. However, some territories account for a density of 1-2 people per square kilometer. As a rule, it depends on climatic and geological conditions.
The islands of the Caribbean, located near the Great Lakes and the Coast of the Pacific Ocean, are considered the most densely populated regions of North America. Here about 200 people may account for one square meter. The largest number of people are in capitals and large cities. This is due to the fact that there is significantly higher the standard of living and more opportunities. The leaders in the number of residents are cities such as New York, Mexico, Los Angeles and Toronto.
The largest territories of the continent are the USA, Canada and Mexico. The largest number of inhabitants is concentrated there. The United States of America is the most populated country in the mainland. Almost 57 percent of the total population of the mainland falls on the United States.
The indigenous population
North America has become a place for an accumulation of a large number of various ethnic groups. Most of the population is represented by Europeans who moved here back in the 17-18 centuries. The indigenous population today is a very small part. These include: Eskimos, Aleuta, Indians and Hawaiians.
Eskimos live in Greenland, Alaska and on the coast of the Arctic Ocean. Indians live in Mexico. Aleuts are only 5,000 people.
The composition of the population of North America
The main share of Europeans, which lives in Central America, has Spanish roots. A significant part of the Central American states are mestizos that are descendants of marriages of Europeans and Indians. For example, in Mexico, the number of meths is 60 percent, and only 10 percent account for Europeans.
In the USA and Canada, most of the population has European origin. There are practically no metivas in this territory, due to the extermination of the Indians, which contributed to the reduction of their number. Racist prejudices of the United States played a role, because of which marriages between different races were strictly condemned by society. Until the 60s of the 20th century, a number of segregation laws were in force in the United States that separated white people from other races.
In addition to Indians and Europeans, the United States accounts for a large number of black population. To date, they are about 21 percent of the population.
Europeans in North America are represented by a large number of people of German, Irish, English and Italian origin. The United States has become the main center of attraction of migrants on the planet.
Languages of the population of North America
The Spanish language dominates in Central America. The exception is Belize and a number of island states of the West Indies. They mainly speak English there. Also in the USA and Canada dominates English. A number of states uses Spanish. This is due to the fact that part of the states belonged to Mexico, which were then captured by the Americans during the American-Mexican Warrior.
In Canada they speak two languages: French and English. In the eastern part of the country is the Francospeaking province of Quebec, which was the French colony before the end of the Seven Years War, during which Quebec was captured by the British and became part of Canada.
Danish language is widely used in Greenland in connection with the centenary colonization of Denmark.
Features of the population
Traditionally, the North American continent is divided into two large regions North America and Central America. The distinction between these regions coincides with the modern American-Mexican border. Almost all countries located south belong to Central America. On different sides are two absolutely opposite worlds that differ from each other in history, religion, traditions and culture. The standard of living in the north of the continent is much higher than in the south.
Formation of the population of North America
Before the arrival of European colonialists, the indigenous residents of Mexico and Central America were Maya and Aztecs. They were distinguished by high culture and were involved not only as farmers, but also architects. In the 15th century, the mainland began to be actively settled by various Europeans. The first were the Spaniards who conquered the Indians and as a result of confusion were formed mestizos. In certain areas of Mexico and Central America, there are Indian tribes that retained their traditions and language. The second group is represented by Eskimos. They appeared on the territory of the North American continent from Asia. The people settled from Alaska to Greenland. Alauta settled in the southeast of Alaska.
Modern North America, as noted above, consists of a large number of representatives of the Caucasian race. Natives of the British Islands and France colonized the USA and Canada.
Population migration and population growth
For several decades, the United States of America has become the center of migration on the planet. According to preliminary estimates, about 40 million people who came from different countries live there. As a result, the ethnic diversity of the country has expanded significantly.
A significant number of natural and human resources increase the global competitiveness of the continent. The annual growth rate of the population is 0.9 percent in Canada and 1 percent in the USA and Mexico.
The population density