Most of the water resources on Earth are polluted. Even if our planet is covered with 70% water, not all of it is suitable for human use. Rapid industrialization, misuse of scarce water resources and many other factors play a role in the process of water pollution. Every year, about 400 billion tons of waste is generated worldwide. Most of this waste is dumped into water bodies. Of the total water on Earth, only 3% of fresh water. If this fresh water is constantly polluted, then the water crisis will become a serious problem in the near future. Therefore, it is necessary to take proper care of our water resources. The facts of water pollution in the world presented in this article should help in understanding the seriousness of this problem.
Facts and figures of water pollution in the world
Water pollution is a problem that affects almost every country in the world. If proper steps are not taken to control this threat, it will lead to disastrous consequences in the near future. Facts pertaining to water pollution are presented using the following points.
12 interesting facts about water
The rivers in the Asian continent are the most polluted. In these rivers, a lead content was found 20 times more than in the reservoirs of industrialized countries of other continents. Bacteria found in these rivers (from human life) more three times more than on average all over the world.
In Ireland, chemical fertilizers and wastewater are the main water pollutants. About 30% of the rivers in this country are polluted.
Groundwater pollution is a serious problem in Bangladesh. Arsenic is one of the main pollutants that affects the quality of water in this country. For about 85% of the total area of Bangladesh, groundwater is polluted. This means that more than 1.2 million citizens of this country are harmful to water polluted with arsenic.
King – a river in Australia – Murray, is one of the most polluted rivers in the world. As a result, 100,000 different mammals, about 1 million birds and some other creatures died due to the acidic water present in this river.
The situation in America in relation to water pollution is not much different from the rest of the world. It is noted that about 40% of rivers in the United States are polluted. For this reason, the water from these rivers should not be used for drinking, bathing or any similar activity. These rivers are not capable of supporting aquatic life. Forty-six percent of lakes in the US are unsuitable for supporting aquatic life.
Contaminants in water from the construction industry include: cement, gypsum, metal, abrasives, etc.d. These materials are much more harmful than biological waste.
Increased thermal pollution of water caused by the runoff of hot water from industrial plants. Rising water temperatures are a threat to the ecological balance. Many aquatic life is being lost due to thermal pollution.
Drainage caused by rains is one of the main causes of water pollution. Waste materials such as oils, chemicals from cars, household chemicals, etc.D., are the main pollutants from urban areas. Mineral and organic fertilizers and remains of pesticides make up the main part of pollutants.
Oil spills in the oceans are one of the global problems that lies responsibility for water pollution on a large scale. Thousands of fish and other aquatic creatures die from oil spills per year. In addition to oil, the most enormous amounts of practically non -decaying waste were also found in oceans, like all kinds of plastic products. The facts of water pollution in the world speak of an impending global world problem and this article should help get a deeper understanding of this.
The process of eutrification occurs, in which water deterioration in reservoirs occurs to a large extent. As a result of eutrification, excessive growth of phytoplankton begins. The level of oxygen in the water is reduced to a great extent and thus the life of fish and other living creatures of the water are endangered.
Water pollution control
We need to understand that the water we pollute can harm us in the long run. Once toxic chemicals enter the food chain, humans have no choice but to live and carry them through the body system. Reducing the use of chemical fertilizers is one of the best ways to clean water from contaminants. Otherwise, these vague chemicals will permanently pollute water bodies on earth. Efforts are being made to tackle the problem of water pollution. However, this problem cannot be completely solved because effective measures must be taken to eliminate it. Given the rate at which we are disrupting the ecosystem, it becomes necessary to follow strict regulations in reducing water pollution. Lakes and rivers on planet earth are becoming more and more polluted. Here are the facts of water pollution in the world and it is necessary to concentrate and organize the efforts of people and governments of all countries in a proper way to help minimize problems.
Rethinking the facts about water pollution
Water is the Earth’s most valuable strategic resource. Continuing the theme of the facts of water pollution in the world, we present new information provided by scientists in the context of this problem. If we take into account all water reserves, then no more than 1% of the water is clean and drinkable. Drinking contaminated water kills 3.4 million people every year and that number is only going to increase in the future. To avoid this fate, do not drink water anywhere, and even more so from rivers and lakes. If you can’t buy bottled water, use water purification methods. At a minimum, this is boiling, but it is better to use special cleaning filters.
Another problem is the availability of drinking water. So in many regions of Africa and Asia it is very difficult to find sources of clean water. Often, in order to get water, the inhabitants of these parts of the world walk several kilometers a day. Naturally, in these places, some people die not only from drinking dirty water, but also from dehydration.
Considering the facts about water, it is worth emphasizing that over 3.5 thousand liters of water are lost daily, which splashes and evaporates from river basins.
To solve the problem of pollution and lack of drinking water in the world, it is necessary to attract public attention and the attention of organizations capable of solving it. If the governments of all countries make an effort and organize the rational use of water resources, then the situation in many states will improve significantly. However, we forget that everything depends on ourselves. If people themselves save water, we can continue to enjoy this benefit. For example, in Peru, a billboard was installed, which contains information about the problem of clean water. This attracts the attention of the population of the country and improves their awareness of this issue.