The similarity of chemosynthesis and photosynthesis and differences table, processes, comparison

Both photosynthesis and chemosynthesis are the most basic, basic processes that occur in living organisms. It is they who provide the opportunity to organize the necessary sources of life for organisms that belong to autotrophic (t.e. Plant organisms and some bacteria). Such organisms work as the main source of food, being the immediate starting point of the food pyramid, for other organisms: heterotrophs and saprotrophs.

The essence of photosynthesis and chemosynthesis

Photosynthesis is the process of developing organic type substances thanks to light with the participation of special pigments: chlorophylls and picturesque. It is they who absorb light, converting its energy into chemicals.

Chemosynthesis is a process of developing organic type substances using the energy of chemical ties, which only some types of bacteria are capable of; With chemosynthesis from carbon dioxide, an organic substance is formed by the type of dark phase of photosynthesis, with the exception of the moment that it is used by ATP created not from solar energy, but thanks to chemical ties of the inorganic properties.

Characterization of photosynthesis

Thanks to the photosynthesis, billions of tons of organics are formed, and about two hundred billion tons of oxygen required in the atmosphere for the breath of any organism.

Photosynthesis is characterized by:

  • Passing at specialized points called plaids containing the pigment necessary for the process.
  • Ensuring the redox reaction (the so-called photosynthesis), which ensures the consumption of water, some inorganic compounds and carbon dioxide; The process itself is stimulated by light quanta, which ensure the transition of the chlorophyll molecules to an excited state.
  • The release of oxygen as the result of the reaction, and the formation of organic substances (usually glucose together with grape sugar).
  • Characterization of chemosynthesis

    Hemosynthesis, first of all, guarantees the nitrogen cycle in the environment, and allows serobacteria to form a base for soils, contributing to the processing process.

    Hydrogen bacteria are also able to oxidize huge amounts of hydrogen, which allows microorganisms to easily get rid of this gas. And the bacteria that provide nitrification allow you to increase the fertility of the soil, while actively cleaning the wastewater.

    With chemosynthesis, the synthesis occurs not directly, but due to the energy of ATP, and at the same time, organisms use carbon dioxide, hydrogen and oxygen, which are formed during the oxidation process. This process takes place underground, under water or inside the body, and absolutely does not depend on the energy of light.

    Differences and similarities in processes

    Both photosynthesis and chemosynthesis have certain similarities: both of these processes belong to the socalled autotrophic nutrition, the essence of which is the formation of organic substances from the opposite inorganic. When they flow, there is a supply of energy in the form of adenosineric acidic acid, which is precisely used to further synthesize organics.

    But these processes, although they have certain similarities, are also characterized by some differences:

  • They have various sources of energy, and the reactions that occur within photosynthesis and chemosynthesis are also different,
  • The primary chemosynthesis is chemical oxidative reactions, and such a process is characteristic exclusively for bacteria.
  • When performing the chemosynthesis process, the cells do not receive chlorophyll, but the photosynthesis provides data from the pigment.
  • With chemosynthesis, the source of carbon is not only carbon dioxide, but also ant, acetic acid, carbon monoxide and even methanol.
  • Comparison table of chemosynthesis and photosynthesis

    ( No ratings yet )
    Leave a Reply

    ;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: